a086558cfedb80120440ad1202936ed93cde1ddf
[wimlib] / programs / imagex.c
1 /*
2  * imagex.c
3  *
4  * Use wimlib to create, modify, extract, mount, unmount, or display information
5  * about a WIM file
6  */
7
8 /*
9  * Copyright (C) 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Eric Biggers
10  *
11  * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
12  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
13  * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
14  * (at your option) any later version.
15  *
16  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
17  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
18  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
19  * GNU General Public License for more details.
20  *
21  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
22  * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
23  */
24
25 #ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
26 #  include "config.h" /* Need for PACKAGE_VERSION, etc. */
27 #endif
28
29 #include "wimlib.h"
30 #include "wimlib_tchar.h"
31
32 #include <ctype.h>
33 #include <errno.h>
34
35 #include <inttypes.h>
36 #include <libgen.h>
37 #include <limits.h>
38 #include <stdarg.h>
39 #include <stdlib.h>
40 #include <string.h>
41 #include <sys/stat.h>
42 #include <unistd.h>
43 #include <locale.h>
44
45 #ifdef HAVE_ALLOCA_H
46 #  include <alloca.h>
47 #endif
48
49 #define WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID (-1)
50
51 #ifdef __WIN32__
52 #  include "imagex-win32.h"
53 #  define print_security_descriptor     win32_print_security_descriptor
54 #else /* __WIN32__ */
55 #  include <getopt.h>
56 #  include <langinfo.h>
57 #  define print_security_descriptor     default_print_security_descriptor
58 static inline void set_fd_to_binary_mode(int fd)
59 {
60 }
61 #endif /* !__WIN32 */
62
63 /* Don't confuse the user by presenting the mounting commands on Windows when
64  * they will never work.  However on UNIX-like systems we always present them,
65  * even if WITH_FUSE is not defined at this point, as to not tie the build of
66  * wimlib-imagex to a specific build of wimlib.  */
67 #ifdef __WIN32__
68 #  define WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED 0
69 #else
70 #  define WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED 1
71 #endif
72
73 #define ARRAY_LEN(array) (sizeof(array) / sizeof(array[0]))
74
75 static inline bool
76 is_any_path_separator(tchar c)
77 {
78         return c == T('/') || c == T('\\');
79 }
80
81 /* Like basename(), but handles both forward and backwards slashes.  */
82 static tchar *
83 tbasename(tchar *path)
84 {
85         tchar *p = tstrchr(path, T('\0'));
86
87         for (;;) {
88                 if (p == path)
89                         return path;
90                 if (!is_any_path_separator(*--p))
91                         break;
92                 *p = T('\0');
93         }
94
95         for (;;) {
96                 if (p == path)
97                         return path;
98                 if (is_any_path_separator(*--p))
99                         return ++p;
100         }
101 }
102
103 #define for_opt(c, opts) while ((c = getopt_long_only(argc, (tchar**)argv, T(""), \
104                                 opts, NULL)) != -1)
105
106 enum {
107         CMD_NONE = -1,
108         CMD_APPEND = 0,
109         CMD_APPLY,
110         CMD_CAPTURE,
111         CMD_DELETE,
112         CMD_DIR,
113         CMD_EXPORT,
114         CMD_EXTRACT,
115         CMD_INFO,
116         CMD_JOIN,
117 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
118         CMD_MOUNT,
119         CMD_MOUNTRW,
120 #endif
121         CMD_OPTIMIZE,
122         CMD_SPLIT,
123 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
124         CMD_UNMOUNT,
125 #endif
126         CMD_UPDATE,
127         CMD_VERIFY,
128         CMD_MAX,
129 };
130
131 static void usage(int cmd, FILE *fp);
132 static void usage_all(FILE *fp);
133 static void recommend_man_page(int cmd, FILE *fp);
134 static const tchar *get_cmd_string(int cmd, bool nospace);
135
136 static bool imagex_be_quiet = false;
137 static FILE *imagex_info_file;
138
139 #define imagex_printf(format, ...) \
140                 tfprintf(imagex_info_file, format, ##__VA_ARGS__)
141
142 enum {
143         IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION,
144         IMAGEX_BLOBS_OPTION,
145         IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION,
146         IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION,
147         IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION,
148         IMAGEX_COMMAND_OPTION,
149         IMAGEX_COMMIT_OPTION,
150         IMAGEX_COMPACT_OPTION,
151         IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION,
152         IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION,
153         IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION,
154         IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION,
155         IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION,
156         IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION,
157         IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION,
158         IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION,
159         IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION,
160         IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION,
161         IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION,
162         IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION,
163         IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION,
164         IMAGEX_LAZY_OPTION,
165         IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION,
166         IMAGEX_NEW_IMAGE_OPTION,
167         IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION,
168         IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION,
169         IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION,
170         IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION,
171         IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION,
172         IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION,
173         IMAGEX_NO_REPLACE_OPTION,
174         IMAGEX_NO_SOLID_SORT_OPTION,
175         IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION,
176         IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION,
177         IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION,
178         IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION,
179         IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION,
180         IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION,
181         IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION,
182         IMAGEX_RECURSIVE_OPTION,
183         IMAGEX_REF_OPTION,
184         IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION,
185         IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION,
186         IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION,
187         IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION,
188         IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION,
189         IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION,
190         IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION,
191         IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION,
192         IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION,
193         IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION,
194         IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION,
195         IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION,
196         IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION,
197         IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION,
198         IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION,
199         IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_CONFIG_OPTION,
200         IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION,
201         IMAGEX_XML_OPTION,
202 };
203
204 static const struct option apply_options[] = {
205         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
206         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
207         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
208         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
209         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
210         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
211         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
212         {T("no-attributes"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION},
213         {T("rpfix"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION},
214         {T("norpfix"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION},
215         {T("include-invalid-names"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION},
216
217         /* --resume is undocumented for now as it needs improvement.  */
218         {T("resume"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION},
219         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
220         {T("compact"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPACT_OPTION},
221         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
222 };
223
224 static const struct option capture_or_append_options[] = {
225         {T("boot"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
226         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
227         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
228         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
229         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
230         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
231         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
232         {T("solid"),       no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
233         {T("pack-streams"), no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
234         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
235         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
236         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
237         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
238         {T("no-solid-sort"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_SOLID_SORT_OPTION},
239         {T("config"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION},
240         {T("dereference"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
241         {T("flags"),       required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION},
242         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
243         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
244         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
245         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
246         {T("source-list"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION},
247         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
248         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
249         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
250         {T("rpfix"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION},
251         {T("norpfix"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION},
252         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
253         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
254         {T("update-of"),   required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION},
255         {T("delta-from"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION},
256         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
257         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
258 };
259
260 static const struct option delete_options[] = {
261         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
262         {T("soft"),  no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION},
263         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
264 };
265
266 static const struct option dir_options[] = {
267         {T("path"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION},
268         {T("detailed"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION},
269         {T("one-file-only"), no_argument,  NULL, IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION},
270         {T("ref"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
271         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
272 };
273
274 static const struct option export_options[] = {
275         {T("boot"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
276         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
277         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
278         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
279         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
280         {T("recompress"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION},
281         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
282         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
283         {T("solid"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
284         {T("pack-streams"),no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
285         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
286         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
287         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
288         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
289         {T("no-solid-sort"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_SOLID_SORT_OPTION},
290         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
291         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
292         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
293         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
294         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
295         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
296         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
297 };
298
299 static const struct option extract_options[] = {
300         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
301         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
302         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
303         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
304         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
305         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
306         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
307         {T("no-attributes"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION},
308         {T("dest-dir"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION},
309         {T("to-stdout"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION},
310         {T("include-invalid-names"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION},
311         {T("no-wildcards"), no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION},
312         {T("no-globs"),     no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION},
313         {T("nullglob"),     no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION},
314         {T("preserve-dir-structure"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION},
315         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
316         {T("compact"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPACT_OPTION},
317         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
318 };
319
320 static const struct option info_options[] = {
321         {T("boot"),         no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
322         {T("check"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
323         {T("nocheck"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
324         {T("no-check"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
325         {T("extract-xml"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION},
326         {T("header"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION},
327         {T("lookup-table"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BLOBS_OPTION},
328         {T("blobs"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BLOBS_OPTION},
329         {T("metadata"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION},
330         {T("xml"),          no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_XML_OPTION},
331         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
332 };
333
334 static const struct option join_options[] = {
335         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
336         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
337 };
338
339 static const struct option mount_options[] = {
340         {T("check"),             no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
341         {T("debug"),             no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION},
342         {T("streams-interface"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION},
343         {T("ref"),               required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
344         {T("staging-dir"),       required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION},
345         {T("unix-data"),         no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
346         {T("allow-other"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION},
347         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
348 };
349
350 static const struct option optimize_options[] = {
351         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
352         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
353         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
354         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
355         {T("recompress"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION},
356         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
357         {T("recompress-slow"), no_argument,   NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
358         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
359         {T("solid"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
360         {T("pack-streams"),no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
361         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
362         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
363         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
364         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
365         {T("no-solid-sort"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_SOLID_SORT_OPTION},
366         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
367         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
368         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
369         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
370 };
371
372 static const struct option split_options[] = {
373         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
374         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
375 };
376
377 static const struct option unmount_options[] = {
378         {T("commit"),  no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMMIT_OPTION},
379         {T("check"),   no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
380         {T("rebuild"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
381         {T("lazy"),    no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_LAZY_OPTION},
382         {T("force"),    no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION},
383         {T("new-image"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_NEW_IMAGE_OPTION},
384         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
385 };
386
387 static const struct option update_options[] = {
388         /* Careful: some of the options here set the defaults for update
389          * commands, but the flags given to an actual update command (and not to
390          * `imagex update' itself are also handled in
391          * update_command_add_option().  */
392         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
393         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
394         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
395         {T("command"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMMAND_OPTION},
396         {T("wimboot-config"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_CONFIG_OPTION},
397
398         /* Default delete options */
399         {T("force"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION},
400         {T("recursive"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECURSIVE_OPTION},
401
402         /* Global add option */
403         {T("config"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION},
404
405         /* Default add options */
406         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
407         {T("dereference"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
408         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
409         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
410         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
411         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
412         {T("no-replace"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_REPLACE_OPTION},
413
414         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
415 };
416
417 static const struct option verify_options[] = {
418         {T("ref"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
419         {T("nocheck"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
420
421         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
422 };
423
424 #if 0
425 #       define _format_attribute(type, format_str, args_start) \
426                         __attribute__((format(type, format_str, args_start)))
427 #else
428 #       define _format_attribute(type, format_str, args_start)
429 #endif
430
431 /* Print formatted error message to stderr. */
432 static void _format_attribute(printf, 1, 2)
433 imagex_error(const tchar *format, ...)
434 {
435         va_list va;
436         va_start(va, format);
437         tfputs(T("ERROR: "), stderr);
438         tvfprintf(stderr, format, va);
439         tputc(T('\n'), stderr);
440         va_end(va);
441 }
442
443 /* Print formatted error message to stderr. */
444 static void _format_attribute(printf, 1, 2)
445 imagex_error_with_errno(const tchar *format, ...)
446 {
447         int errno_save = errno;
448         va_list va;
449         va_start(va, format);
450         tfputs(T("ERROR: "), stderr);
451         tvfprintf(stderr, format, va);
452         tfprintf(stderr, T(": %"TS"\n"), tstrerror(errno_save));
453         va_end(va);
454 }
455
456 static int
457 verify_image_exists(int image, const tchar *image_name, const tchar *wim_name)
458 {
459         if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE) {
460                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a valid image in \"%"TS"\"!\n"
461                              "       Please specify a 1-based image index or "
462                              "image name.  To list the images\n"
463                              "       contained in the WIM archive, run\n"
464                              "\n"
465                              "           %"TS" \"%"TS"\"\n"),
466                              image_name, wim_name,
467                              get_cmd_string(CMD_INFO, false), wim_name);
468                 return WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
469         }
470         return 0;
471 }
472
473 static int
474 verify_image_is_single(int image)
475 {
476         if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES) {
477                 imagex_error(T("Cannot specify all images for this action!"));
478                 return WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
479         }
480         return 0;
481 }
482
483 static int
484 verify_image_exists_and_is_single(int image, const tchar *image_name,
485                                   const tchar *wim_name)
486 {
487         int ret;
488         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_name, wim_name);
489         if (ret == 0)
490                 ret = verify_image_is_single(image);
491         return ret;
492 }
493
494 static void
495 print_available_compression_types(FILE *fp)
496 {
497         static const tchar *s =
498         T(
499         "Available compression types:\n"
500         "\n"
501         "    none\n"
502         "    xpress (alias: \"fast\")\n"
503         "    lzx    (alias: \"maximum\") (default for capture)\n"
504         "    lzms   (alias: \"recovery\")\n"
505         "\n"
506         );
507         tfputs(s, fp);
508 }
509
510 /* Parse the argument to --compress */
511 static int
512 get_compression_type(tchar *optarg)
513 {
514         int ctype;
515         unsigned int compression_level = 0;
516         tchar *plevel;
517
518         plevel = tstrchr(optarg, T(':'));
519         if (plevel) {
520                 tchar *ptmp;
521                 unsigned long ultmp;
522
523                 *plevel++ = T('\0');
524                 ultmp = tstrtoul(plevel, &ptmp, 10);
525                 if (ultmp >= UINT_MAX || ultmp == 0 || *ptmp || ptmp == plevel) {
526                         imagex_error(T("Compression level must be a positive integer! "
527                                        "e.g. --compress=lzx:80"));
528                         return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
529                 }
530                 compression_level = ultmp;
531         }
532
533         if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("maximum")) ||
534             !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("lzx")) ||
535             !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("max")))
536                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX;
537         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("fast")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("xpress")))
538                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
539         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("recovery")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("lzms")))
540                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
541         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("none")))
542                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_NONE;
543         else {
544                 imagex_error(T("Invalid compression type \"%"TS"\"!"), optarg);
545                 print_available_compression_types(stderr);
546                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
547         }
548
549         if (compression_level != 0)
550                 wimlib_set_default_compression_level(ctype, compression_level);
551         return ctype;
552 }
553
554 /* Parse the argument to --compact */
555 static int
556 set_compact_mode(const tchar *arg, int *extract_flags)
557 {
558         int flag = 0;
559         if (!tstrcasecmp(arg, T("xpress4k")))
560                 flag = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_COMPACT_XPRESS4K;
561         else if (!tstrcasecmp(arg, T("xpress8k")))
562                 flag = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_COMPACT_XPRESS8K;
563         else if (!tstrcasecmp(arg, T("xpress16k")))
564                 flag = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_COMPACT_XPRESS16K;
565         else if (!tstrcasecmp(arg, T("lzx")))
566                 flag = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_COMPACT_LZX;
567
568         if (flag) {
569                 *extract_flags |= flag;
570                 return 0;
571         }
572
573         imagex_error(T(
574 "\"%"TS"\" is not a recognized System Compression format.  The options are:"
575 "\n"
576 "    --compact=xpress4k\n"
577 "    --compact=xpress8k\n"
578 "    --compact=xpress16k\n"
579 "    --compact=lzx\n"
580         ), arg);
581         return -1;
582 }
583
584
585 static void
586 set_compress_slow(void)
587 {
588 #if 0
589         fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: the '--compress-slow' option is deprecated.\n"
590                         "         Use the '--compress=TYPE:LEVEL' option instead.\n");
591 #endif
592         wimlib_set_default_compression_level(-1, 100);
593 }
594
595 struct string_set {
596         const tchar **strings;
597         unsigned num_strings;
598         unsigned num_alloc_strings;
599 };
600
601 #define STRING_SET_INITIALIZER \
602         { .strings = NULL, .num_strings = 0, .num_alloc_strings = 0, }
603
604 #define STRING_SET(_strings) \
605         struct string_set _strings = STRING_SET_INITIALIZER
606
607 static int
608 string_set_append(struct string_set *set, const tchar *glob)
609 {
610         unsigned num_alloc_strings = set->num_alloc_strings;
611
612         if (set->num_strings == num_alloc_strings) {
613                 const tchar **new_strings;
614
615                 num_alloc_strings += 4;
616                 new_strings = realloc(set->strings,
617                                       sizeof(set->strings[0]) * num_alloc_strings);
618                 if (!new_strings) {
619                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
620                         return -1;
621                 }
622                 set->strings = new_strings;
623                 set->num_alloc_strings = num_alloc_strings;
624         }
625         set->strings[set->num_strings++] = glob;
626         return 0;
627 }
628
629 static void
630 string_set_destroy(struct string_set *set)
631 {
632         free(set->strings);
633 }
634
635 static int
636 wim_reference_globs(WIMStruct *wim, struct string_set *set, int open_flags)
637 {
638         return wimlib_reference_resource_files(wim, set->strings,
639                                                set->num_strings,
640                                                WIMLIB_REF_FLAG_GLOB_ENABLE,
641                                                open_flags);
642 }
643
644 static void
645 do_resource_not_found_warning(const tchar *wimfile,
646                               const struct wimlib_wim_info *info,
647                               const struct string_set *refglobs)
648 {
649         if (info->total_parts > 1) {
650                 if (refglobs->num_strings == 0) {
651                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is part of a split WIM. "
652                                        "Use --ref to specify the other parts."),
653                                      wimfile);
654                 } else {
655                         imagex_error(T("Perhaps the '--ref' argument did not "
656                                        "specify all other parts of the split "
657                                        "WIM?"));
658                 }
659         } else {
660                 imagex_error(T("If this is a delta WIM, use the --ref argument "
661                                "to specify the WIM(s) on which it is based."));
662         }
663 }
664
665 static void
666 do_metadata_not_found_warning(const tchar *wimfile,
667                               const struct wimlib_wim_info *info)
668 {
669         if (info->part_number != 1) {
670                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not the first part of the split WIM.\n"
671                                "       You must specify the first part."),
672                                wimfile);
673         }
674 }
675
676 /* Returns the size of a file given its name, or -1 if the file does not exist
677  * or its size cannot be determined.  */
678 static off_t
679 file_get_size(const tchar *filename)
680 {
681         struct stat st;
682         if (tstat(filename, &st) == 0)
683                 return st.st_size;
684         else
685                 return (off_t)-1;
686 }
687
688 enum {
689         PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS = 0,
690         PARSE_STRING_FAILURE = 1,
691         PARSE_STRING_NONE = 2,
692 };
693
694 /*
695  * Parses a string token from an array of characters.
696  *
697  * Tokens are either whitespace-delimited, or double or single-quoted.
698  *
699  * @line_p:  Pointer to the pointer to the line of data.  Will be updated
700  *           to point past the string token iff the return value is
701  *           PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS.  If *len_p > 0, (*line_p)[*len_p - 1] must
702  *           be '\0'.
703  *
704  * @len_p:   @len_p initially stores the length of the line of data, which may
705  *           be 0, and it will be updated to the number of bytes remaining in
706  *           the line iff the return value is PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS.
707  *
708  * @fn_ret:  Iff the return value is PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS, a pointer to the
709  *           parsed string token will be returned here.
710  *
711  * Returns: PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS if a string token was successfully parsed; or
712  *          PARSE_STRING_FAILURE if the data was invalid due to a missing
713  *          closing quote; or PARSE_STRING_NONE if the line ended before the
714  *          beginning of a string token was found.
715  */
716 static int
717 parse_string(tchar **line_p, size_t *len_p, tchar **fn_ret)
718 {
719         size_t len = *len_p;
720         tchar *line = *line_p;
721         tchar *fn;
722         tchar quote_char;
723
724         /* Skip leading whitespace */
725         for (;;) {
726                 if (len == 0)
727                         return PARSE_STRING_NONE;
728                 if (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'))
729                         break;
730                 line++;
731                 len--;
732         }
733         quote_char = *line;
734         if (quote_char == T('"') || quote_char == T('\'')) {
735                 /* Quoted string */
736                 line++;
737                 len--;
738                 fn = line;
739                 line = tmemchr(line, quote_char, len);
740                 if (!line) {
741                         imagex_error(T("Missing closing quote: %"TS), fn - 1);
742                         return PARSE_STRING_FAILURE;
743                 }
744         } else {
745                 /* Unquoted string.  Go until whitespace.  Line is terminated
746                  * by '\0', so no need to check 'len'. */
747                 fn = line;
748                 do {
749                         line++;
750                 } while (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'));
751         }
752         *line = T('\0');
753         len -= line - fn;
754         *len_p = len;
755         *line_p = line;
756         *fn_ret = fn;
757         return PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS;
758 }
759
760 /* Parses a line of data (not an empty line or comment) in the source list file
761  * format.  (See the man page for 'wimlib-imagex capture' for details on this
762  * format and the meaning.)
763  *
764  * @line:  Line of data to be parsed.  line[len - 1] must be '\0', unless
765  *         len == 0.  The data in @line will be modified by this function call.
766  *
767  * @len:   Length of the line of data.
768  *
769  * @source:  On success, the capture source and target described by the line is
770  *           written into this destination.  Note that it will contain pointers
771  *           to data in the @line array.
772  *
773  * Returns true if the line was valid; false otherwise.  */
774 static bool
775 parse_source_list_line(tchar *line, size_t len,
776                        struct wimlib_capture_source *source)
777 {
778         /* SOURCE [DEST] */
779         int ret;
780         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &source->fs_source_path);
781         if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS)
782                 return false;
783         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &source->wim_target_path);
784         if (ret == PARSE_STRING_NONE)
785                 source->wim_target_path = source->fs_source_path;
786         return ret != PARSE_STRING_FAILURE;
787 }
788
789 /* Returns %true if the given line of length @len > 0 is a comment or empty line
790  * in the source list file format. */
791 static bool
792 is_comment_line(const tchar *line, size_t len)
793 {
794         for (;;) {
795                 if (*line == T('#') || *line == T(';'))
796                         return true;
797                 if (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'))
798                         return false;
799                 ++line;
800                 --len;
801                 if (len == 0)
802                         return true;
803         }
804 }
805
806 static ssize_t
807 text_file_count_lines(tchar **contents_p, size_t *nchars_p)
808 {
809         ssize_t nlines = 0;
810         tchar *contents = *contents_p;
811         size_t nchars = *nchars_p;
812         size_t i;
813
814         for (i = 0; i < nchars; i++)
815                 if (contents[i] == T('\n'))
816                         nlines++;
817
818         /* Handle last line not terminated by a newline */
819         if (nchars != 0 && contents[nchars - 1] != T('\n')) {
820                 contents = realloc(contents, (nchars + 1) * sizeof(tchar));
821                 if (!contents) {
822                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
823                         return -1;
824                 }
825                 contents[nchars] = T('\n');
826                 *contents_p = contents;
827                 nchars++;
828                 nlines++;
829         }
830         *nchars_p = nchars;
831         return nlines;
832 }
833
834 /* Parses a file in the source list format.  (See the man page for
835  * 'wimlib-imagex capture' for details on this format and the meaning.)
836  *
837  * @source_list_contents:  Contents of the source list file.  Note that this
838  *                         buffer will be modified to save memory allocations,
839  *                         and cannot be freed until the returned array of
840  *                         wimlib_capture_source's has also been freed.
841  *
842  * @source_list_nbytes:    Number of bytes of data in the @source_list_contents
843  *                         buffer.
844  *
845  * @nsources_ret:          On success, the length of the returned array is
846  *                         returned here.
847  *
848  * Returns:   An array of `struct wimlib_capture_source's that can be passed to
849  * the wimlib_add_image_multisource() function to specify how a WIM image is to
850  * be created.  */
851 static struct wimlib_capture_source *
852 parse_source_list(tchar **source_list_contents_p, size_t source_list_nchars,
853                   size_t *nsources_ret)
854 {
855         ssize_t nlines;
856         tchar *p;
857         struct wimlib_capture_source *sources;
858         size_t i, j;
859
860         nlines = text_file_count_lines(source_list_contents_p,
861                                        &source_list_nchars);
862         if (nlines < 0)
863                 return NULL;
864
865         /* Always allocate at least 1 slot, just in case the implementation of
866          * calloc() returns NULL if 0 bytes are requested. */
867         sources = calloc(nlines ?: 1, sizeof(*sources));
868         if (!sources) {
869                 imagex_error(T("out of memory"));
870                 return NULL;
871         }
872         p = *source_list_contents_p;
873         j = 0;
874         for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++) {
875                 /* XXX: Could use rawmemchr() here instead, but it may not be
876                  * available on all platforms. */
877                 tchar *endp = tmemchr(p, T('\n'), source_list_nchars);
878                 size_t len = endp - p + 1;
879                 *endp = T('\0');
880                 if (!is_comment_line(p, len)) {
881                         if (!parse_source_list_line(p, len, &sources[j++])) {
882                                 free(sources);
883                                 return NULL;
884                         }
885                 }
886                 p = endp + 1;
887
888         }
889         *nsources_ret = j;
890         return sources;
891 }
892
893 /* Reads the contents of a file into memory. */
894 static char *
895 file_get_contents(const tchar *filename, size_t *len_ret)
896 {
897         struct stat stbuf;
898         void *buf = NULL;
899         size_t len;
900         FILE *fp;
901
902         if (tstat(filename, &stbuf) != 0) {
903                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat the file \"%"TS"\""), filename);
904                 goto out;
905         }
906         len = stbuf.st_size;
907
908         fp = tfopen(filename, T("rb"));
909         if (!fp) {
910                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to open the file \"%"TS"\""), filename);
911                 goto out;
912         }
913
914         buf = malloc(len ? len : 1);
915         if (!buf) {
916                 imagex_error(T("Failed to allocate buffer of %zu bytes to hold "
917                                "contents of file \"%"TS"\""), len, filename);
918                 goto out_fclose;
919         }
920         if (fread(buf, 1, len, fp) != len) {
921                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to read %zu bytes from the "
922                                           "file \"%"TS"\""), len, filename);
923                 goto out_free_buf;
924         }
925         *len_ret = len;
926         goto out_fclose;
927 out_free_buf:
928         free(buf);
929         buf = NULL;
930 out_fclose:
931         fclose(fp);
932 out:
933         return buf;
934 }
935
936 /* Read standard input until EOF and return the full contents in a malloc()ed
937  * buffer and the number of bytes of data in @len_ret.  Returns NULL on read
938  * error. */
939 static char *
940 stdin_get_contents(size_t *len_ret)
941 {
942         /* stdin can, of course, be a pipe or other non-seekable file, so the
943          * total length of the data cannot be pre-determined */
944         char *buf = NULL;
945         size_t newlen = 1024;
946         size_t pos = 0;
947         size_t inc = 1024;
948         for (;;) {
949                 char *p = realloc(buf, newlen);
950                 size_t bytes_read, bytes_to_read;
951                 if (!p) {
952                         imagex_error(T("out of memory while reading stdin"));
953                         break;
954                 }
955                 buf = p;
956                 bytes_to_read = newlen - pos;
957                 bytes_read = fread(&buf[pos], 1, bytes_to_read, stdin);
958                 pos += bytes_read;
959                 if (bytes_read != bytes_to_read) {
960                         if (feof(stdin)) {
961                                 *len_ret = pos;
962                                 return buf;
963                         } else {
964                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("error reading stdin"));
965                                 break;
966                         }
967                 }
968                 newlen += inc;
969                 inc *= 3;
970                 inc /= 2;
971         }
972         free(buf);
973         return NULL;
974 }
975
976
977 static tchar *
978 translate_text_to_tstr(char *text, size_t num_bytes, size_t *num_tchars_ret)
979 {
980 #ifndef __WIN32__
981         /* On non-Windows, assume an ASCII-compatible encoding, such as UTF-8.
982          * */
983         *num_tchars_ret = num_bytes;
984         return text;
985 #else /* !__WIN32__ */
986         /* On Windows, translate the text to UTF-16LE */
987         wchar_t *text_wstr;
988         size_t num_wchars;
989
990         if (num_bytes >= 2 &&
991             (((unsigned char)text[0] == 0xff && (unsigned char)text[1] == 0xfe) ||
992              ((unsigned char)text[0] <= 0x7f && (unsigned char)text[1] == 0x00)))
993         {
994                 /* File begins with 0xfeff, the BOM for UTF-16LE, or it begins
995                  * with something that looks like an ASCII character encoded as
996                  * a UTF-16LE code unit.  Assume the file is encoded as
997                  * UTF-16LE.  This is not a 100% reliable check. */
998                 num_wchars = num_bytes / 2;
999                 text_wstr = (wchar_t*)text;
1000         } else {
1001                 /* File does not look like UTF-16LE.  Assume it is encoded in
1002                  * the current Windows code page.  I think these are always
1003                  * ASCII-compatible, so any so-called "plain-text" (ASCII) files
1004                  * should work as expected. */
1005                 text_wstr = win32_mbs_to_wcs(text,
1006                                              num_bytes,
1007                                              &num_wchars);
1008                 free(text);
1009         }
1010         *num_tchars_ret = num_wchars;
1011         return text_wstr;
1012 #endif /* __WIN32__ */
1013 }
1014
1015 static tchar *
1016 file_get_text_contents(const tchar *filename, size_t *num_tchars_ret)
1017 {
1018         char *contents;
1019         size_t num_bytes;
1020
1021         contents = file_get_contents(filename, &num_bytes);
1022         if (!contents)
1023                 return NULL;
1024         return translate_text_to_tstr(contents, num_bytes, num_tchars_ret);
1025 }
1026
1027 static tchar *
1028 stdin_get_text_contents(size_t *num_tchars_ret)
1029 {
1030         char *contents;
1031         size_t num_bytes;
1032
1033         contents = stdin_get_contents(&num_bytes);
1034         if (!contents)
1035                 return NULL;
1036         return translate_text_to_tstr(contents, num_bytes, num_tchars_ret);
1037 }
1038
1039 #define TO_PERCENT(numerator, denominator) \
1040         (((denominator) == 0) ? 0 : ((numerator) * 100 / (denominator)))
1041
1042 #define GIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000000000ULL
1043 #define MEBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000000ULL
1044 #define KIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000ULL
1045
1046 static unsigned
1047 get_unit(uint64_t total_bytes, const tchar **name_ret)
1048 {
1049         if (total_bytes >= GIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
1050                 *name_ret = T("GiB");
1051                 return 30;
1052         } else if (total_bytes >= MEBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
1053                 *name_ret = T("MiB");
1054                 return 20;
1055         } else if (total_bytes >= KIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
1056                 *name_ret = T("KiB");
1057                 return 10;
1058         } else {
1059                 *name_ret = T("bytes");
1060                 return 0;
1061         }
1062 }
1063
1064 static struct wimlib_progress_info_scan last_scan_progress;
1065
1066 static void
1067 report_scan_progress(const struct wimlib_progress_info_scan *scan, bool done)
1068 {
1069         uint64_t prev_count, cur_count;
1070
1071         prev_count = last_scan_progress.num_nondirs_scanned +
1072                      last_scan_progress.num_dirs_scanned;
1073         cur_count = scan->num_nondirs_scanned + scan->num_dirs_scanned;
1074
1075         if (done || prev_count == 0 || cur_count >= prev_count + 100 ||
1076             cur_count % 128 == 0)
1077         {
1078                 unsigned unit_shift;
1079                 const tchar *unit_name;
1080
1081                 unit_shift = get_unit(scan->num_bytes_scanned, &unit_name);
1082                 imagex_printf(T("\r%"PRIu64" %"TS" scanned (%"PRIu64" files, "
1083                                 "%"PRIu64" directories)    "),
1084                               scan->num_bytes_scanned >> unit_shift,
1085                               unit_name,
1086                               scan->num_nondirs_scanned,
1087                               scan->num_dirs_scanned);
1088                 last_scan_progress = *scan;
1089         }
1090 }
1091 /* Progress callback function passed to various wimlib functions. */
1092 static enum wimlib_progress_status
1093 imagex_progress_func(enum wimlib_progress_msg msg,
1094                      union wimlib_progress_info *info,
1095                      void *_ignored_context)
1096 {
1097         unsigned percent_done;
1098         unsigned unit_shift;
1099         const tchar *unit_name;
1100
1101         if (imagex_be_quiet)
1102                 return WIMLIB_PROGRESS_STATUS_CONTINUE;
1103         switch (msg) {
1104         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_WRITE_STREAMS:
1105                 {
1106                         static bool first = true;
1107                         if (first) {
1108                                 imagex_printf(T("Writing %"TS"-compressed data "
1109                                                 "using %u thread%"TS"\n"),
1110                                               wimlib_get_compression_type_string(
1111                                                         info->write_streams.compression_type),
1112                                         info->write_streams.num_threads,
1113                                         (info->write_streams.num_threads == 1) ? T("") : T("s"));
1114                                 first = false;
1115                         }
1116                 }
1117                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->write_streams.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1118                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->write_streams.completed_bytes,
1119                                           info->write_streams.total_bytes);
1120
1121                 imagex_printf(T("\r%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (uncompressed) "
1122                         "written (%u%% done)"),
1123                         info->write_streams.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1124                         unit_name,
1125                         info->write_streams.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1126                         unit_name,
1127                         percent_done);
1128                 if (info->write_streams.completed_bytes >= info->write_streams.total_bytes)
1129                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1130                 break;
1131         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_BEGIN:
1132                 imagex_printf(T("Scanning \"%"TS"\""), info->scan.source);
1133                 if (WIMLIB_IS_WIM_ROOT_PATH(info->scan.wim_target_path)) {
1134                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1135                 } else {
1136                         imagex_printf(T(" (loading as WIM path: \"%"TS"\")...\n"),
1137                                       info->scan.wim_target_path);
1138                 }
1139                 memset(&last_scan_progress, 0, sizeof(last_scan_progress));
1140                 break;
1141         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_DENTRY:
1142                 switch (info->scan.status) {
1143                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_OK:
1144                         report_scan_progress(&info->scan, false);
1145                         break;
1146                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_EXCLUDED:
1147                         imagex_printf(T("\nExcluding \"%"TS"\" from capture\n"), info->scan.cur_path);
1148                         break;
1149                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_UNSUPPORTED:
1150                         imagex_printf(T("\nWARNING: Excluding unsupported file or directory\n"
1151                                         "         \"%"TS"\" from capture\n"), info->scan.cur_path);
1152                         break;
1153                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_FIXED_SYMLINK:
1154                         /* Symlink fixups are enabled by default.  This is
1155                          * mainly intended for Windows, which for some reason
1156                          * uses absolute junctions (with drive letters!) in the
1157                          * default installation.  On UNIX-like systems, warn the
1158                          * user when fixing the target of an absolute symbolic
1159                          * link, so they know to disable this if they want.  */
1160                 #ifndef __WIN32__
1161                         imagex_printf(T("\nWARNING: Adjusted target of "
1162                                         "absolute symbolic link \"%"TS"\"\n"
1163                                         "           (Use --norpfix to capture "
1164                                         "absolute symbolic links as-is)\n"),
1165                                         info->scan.cur_path);
1166                 #endif
1167                         break;
1168                 default:
1169                         break;
1170                 }
1171                 break;
1172         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_END:
1173                 report_scan_progress(&info->scan, true);
1174                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1175                 break;
1176         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_VERIFY_INTEGRITY:
1177                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->integrity.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1178                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->integrity.completed_bytes,
1179                                           info->integrity.total_bytes);
1180                 imagex_printf(T("\rVerifying integrity of \"%"TS"\": %"PRIu64" %"TS" "
1181                         "of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1182                         info->integrity.filename,
1183                         info->integrity.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1184                         unit_name,
1185                         info->integrity.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1186                         unit_name,
1187                         percent_done);
1188                 if (info->integrity.completed_bytes == info->integrity.total_bytes)
1189                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1190                 break;
1191         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_CALC_INTEGRITY:
1192                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->integrity.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1193                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->integrity.completed_bytes,
1194                                           info->integrity.total_bytes);
1195                 imagex_printf(T("\rCalculating integrity table for WIM: %"PRIu64" %"TS" "
1196                           "of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1197                         info->integrity.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1198                         unit_name,
1199                         info->integrity.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1200                         unit_name,
1201                         percent_done);
1202                 if (info->integrity.completed_bytes == info->integrity.total_bytes)
1203                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1204                 break;
1205         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_IMAGE_BEGIN:
1206                 imagex_printf(T("Applying image %d (\"%"TS"\") from \"%"TS"\" "
1207                           "to %"TS" \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1208                         info->extract.image,
1209                         info->extract.image_name,
1210                         info->extract.wimfile_name,
1211                         ((info->extract.extract_flags & WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS) ?
1212                          T("NTFS volume") : T("directory")),
1213                         info->extract.target);
1214                 break;
1215         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_FILE_STRUCTURE:
1216                 if (info->extract.end_file_count >= 2000) {
1217                         percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.current_file_count,
1218                                                   info->extract.end_file_count);
1219                         imagex_printf(T("\rCreating files: %"PRIu64" of %"PRIu64" (%u%%) done"),
1220                                       info->extract.current_file_count,
1221                                       info->extract.end_file_count, percent_done);
1222                         if (info->extract.current_file_count == info->extract.end_file_count)
1223                                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1224                 }
1225                 break;
1226         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_STREAMS:
1227                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.completed_bytes,
1228                                           info->extract.total_bytes);
1229                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->extract.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1230                 imagex_printf(T("\rExtracting file data: "
1231                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1232                         info->extract.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1233                         unit_name,
1234                         info->extract.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1235                         unit_name,
1236                         percent_done);
1237                 if (info->extract.completed_bytes >= info->extract.total_bytes)
1238                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1239                 break;
1240         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_METADATA:
1241                 if (info->extract.end_file_count >= 2000) {
1242                         percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.current_file_count,
1243                                                   info->extract.end_file_count);
1244                         imagex_printf(T("\rApplying metadata to files: %"PRIu64" of %"PRIu64" (%u%%) done"),
1245                                       info->extract.current_file_count,
1246                                       info->extract.end_file_count, percent_done);
1247                         if (info->extract.current_file_count == info->extract.end_file_count)
1248                                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1249                 }
1250                 break;
1251         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_SPWM_PART_BEGIN:
1252                 if (info->extract.total_parts != 1) {
1253                         imagex_printf(T("\nReading split pipable WIM part %u of %u\n"),
1254                                       info->extract.part_number,
1255                                       info->extract.total_parts);
1256                 }
1257                 break;
1258         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SPLIT_BEGIN_PART:
1259                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->split.completed_bytes,
1260                                           info->split.total_bytes);
1261                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->split.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1262                 imagex_printf(T("Writing \"%"TS"\" (part %u of %u): %"PRIu64" %"TS" of "
1263                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) written\n"),
1264                         info->split.part_name,
1265                         info->split.cur_part_number,
1266                         info->split.total_parts,
1267                         info->split.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1268                         unit_name,
1269                         info->split.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1270                         unit_name,
1271                         percent_done);
1272                 break;
1273         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SPLIT_END_PART:
1274                 if (info->split.completed_bytes == info->split.total_bytes) {
1275                         imagex_printf(T("Finished writing split WIM part %u of %u\n"),
1276                                 info->split.cur_part_number,
1277                                 info->split.total_parts);
1278                 }
1279                 break;
1280         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_UPDATE_END_COMMAND:
1281                 switch (info->update.command->op) {
1282                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1283                         imagex_printf(T("Deleted WIM path \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1284                                 info->update.command->delete_.wim_path);
1285                         break;
1286                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME:
1287                         imagex_printf(T("Renamed WIM path \"%"TS"\" => \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1288                                 info->update.command->rename.wim_source_path,
1289                                 info->update.command->rename.wim_target_path);
1290                         break;
1291                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1292                 default:
1293                         break;
1294                 }
1295                 break;
1296         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_REPLACE_FILE_IN_WIM:
1297                 imagex_printf(T("Updating \"%"TS"\" in WIM image\n"),
1298                               info->replace.path_in_wim);
1299                 break;
1300         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_WIMBOOT_EXCLUDE:
1301                 imagex_printf(T("\nExtracting \"%"TS"\" as normal file (not WIMBoot pointer)\n"),
1302                               info->wimboot_exclude.path_in_wim);
1303                 break;
1304         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_UNMOUNT_BEGIN:
1305                 if (info->unmount.mount_flags & WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_READWRITE) {
1306                         if (info->unmount.unmount_flags & WIMLIB_UNMOUNT_FLAG_COMMIT) {
1307                                 imagex_printf(T("Committing changes to %"TS" (image %d)\n"),
1308                                               info->unmount.mounted_wim,
1309                                               info->unmount.mounted_image);
1310                         } else {
1311                                 imagex_printf(T("Discarding changes to %"TS" (image %d)\n"),
1312                                               info->unmount.mounted_wim,
1313                                               info->unmount.mounted_image);
1314                                 imagex_printf(T("\t(Use --commit to keep changes.)\n"));
1315                         }
1316                 }
1317                 break;
1318         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_BEGIN_VERIFY_IMAGE:
1319                 imagex_printf(T("Verifying metadata for image %"PRIu32" of %"PRIu32"\n"),
1320                               info->verify_image.current_image,
1321                               info->verify_image.total_images);
1322                 break;
1323         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_VERIFY_STREAMS:
1324                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->verify_streams.completed_bytes,
1325                                           info->verify_streams.total_bytes);
1326                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->verify_streams.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1327                 imagex_printf(T("\rVerifying file data: "
1328                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1329                         info->verify_streams.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1330                         unit_name,
1331                         info->verify_streams.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1332                         unit_name,
1333                         percent_done);
1334                 if (info->verify_streams.completed_bytes == info->verify_streams.total_bytes)
1335                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1336                 break;
1337         default:
1338                 break;
1339         }
1340         fflush(imagex_info_file);
1341         return WIMLIB_PROGRESS_STATUS_CONTINUE;
1342 }
1343
1344 static unsigned
1345 parse_num_threads(const tchar *optarg)
1346 {
1347         tchar *tmp;
1348         unsigned long ul_nthreads = tstrtoul(optarg, &tmp, 10);
1349         if (ul_nthreads >= UINT_MAX || *tmp || tmp == optarg) {
1350                 imagex_error(T("Number of threads must be a non-negative integer!"));
1351                 return UINT_MAX;
1352         } else {
1353                 return ul_nthreads;
1354         }
1355 }
1356
1357 static uint32_t
1358 parse_chunk_size(const tchar *optarg)
1359 {
1360         tchar *tmp;
1361         uint64_t chunk_size = tstrtoul(optarg, &tmp, 10);
1362         if (chunk_size == 0) {
1363                 imagex_error(T("Invalid chunk size specification; must be a positive integer\n"
1364                                "       with optional K, M, or G suffix"));
1365                 return UINT32_MAX;
1366         }
1367         if (*tmp) {
1368                 if (*tmp == T('k') || *tmp == T('K')) {
1369                         chunk_size <<= 10;
1370                         tmp++;
1371                 } else if (*tmp == T('m') || *tmp == T('M')) {
1372                         chunk_size <<= 20;
1373                         tmp++;
1374                 } else if (*tmp == T('g') || *tmp == T('G')) {
1375                         chunk_size <<= 30;
1376                         tmp++;
1377                 }
1378                 if (*tmp && !(*tmp == T('i') && *(tmp + 1) == T('B'))) {
1379                         imagex_error(T("Invalid chunk size specification; suffix must be K, M, or G"));
1380                         return UINT32_MAX;
1381                 }
1382         }
1383         if (chunk_size >= UINT32_MAX) {
1384                 imagex_error(T("Invalid chunk size specification; the value is too large!"));
1385                 return UINT32_MAX;
1386         }
1387         return chunk_size;
1388 }
1389
1390
1391 /*
1392  * Parse an option passed to an update command.
1393  *
1394  * @op:         One of WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_* that indicates the command being
1395  *              parsed.
1396  *
1397  * @option:     Text string for the option (beginning with --)
1398  *
1399  * @cmd:        `struct wimlib_update_command' that is being constructed for
1400  *              this command.
1401  *
1402  * Returns true if the option was recognized; false if not.
1403  */
1404 static bool
1405 update_command_add_option(int op, const tchar *option,
1406                           struct wimlib_update_command *cmd)
1407 {
1408         bool recognized = true;
1409         switch (op) {
1410         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1411                 if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--verbose")))
1412                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_VERBOSE;
1413                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--unix-data")))
1414                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1415                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--no-acls")) || !tstrcmp(option, T("--noacls")))
1416                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1417                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--strict-acls")))
1418                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1419                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--dereference")))
1420                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_DEREFERENCE;
1421                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--no-replace")))
1422                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_REPLACE;
1423                 else
1424                         recognized = false;
1425                 break;
1426         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1427                 if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--force")))
1428                         cmd->delete_.delete_flags |= WIMLIB_DELETE_FLAG_FORCE;
1429                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--recursive")))
1430                         cmd->delete_.delete_flags |= WIMLIB_DELETE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
1431                 else
1432                         recognized = false;
1433                 break;
1434         default:
1435                 recognized = false;
1436                 break;
1437         }
1438         return recognized;
1439 }
1440
1441 /* How many nonoption arguments each `imagex update' command expects */
1442 static const unsigned update_command_num_nonoptions[] = {
1443         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD] = 2,
1444         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE] = 1,
1445         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME] = 2,
1446 };
1447
1448 static void
1449 update_command_add_nonoption(int op, const tchar *nonoption,
1450                              struct wimlib_update_command *cmd,
1451                              unsigned num_nonoptions)
1452 {
1453         switch (op) {
1454         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1455                 if (num_nonoptions == 0)
1456                         cmd->add.fs_source_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1457                 else
1458                         cmd->add.wim_target_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1459                 break;
1460         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1461                 cmd->delete_.wim_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1462                 break;
1463         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME:
1464                 if (num_nonoptions == 0)
1465                         cmd->rename.wim_source_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1466                 else
1467                         cmd->rename.wim_target_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1468                 break;
1469         }
1470 }
1471
1472 /*
1473  * Parse a command passed on stdin to `imagex update'.
1474  *
1475  * @line:       Text of the command.
1476  * @len:        Length of the line, including a null terminator
1477  *              at line[len - 1].
1478  *
1479  * @command:    A `struct wimlib_update_command' to fill in from the parsed
1480  *              line.
1481  *
1482  * @line_number: Line number of the command, for diagnostics.
1483  *
1484  * Returns true on success; returns false on parse error.
1485  */
1486 static bool
1487 parse_update_command(tchar *line, size_t len,
1488                      struct wimlib_update_command *command,
1489                      size_t line_number)
1490 {
1491         int ret;
1492         tchar *command_name;
1493         int op;
1494         size_t num_nonoptions;
1495
1496         /* Get the command name ("add", "delete", "rename") */
1497         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &command_name);
1498         if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS)
1499                 return false;
1500
1501         if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("add"))) {
1502                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD;
1503         } else if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("delete"))) {
1504                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE;
1505         } else if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("rename"))) {
1506                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME;
1507         } else {
1508                 imagex_error(T("Unknown update command \"%"TS"\" on line %zu"),
1509                              command_name, line_number);
1510                 return false;
1511         }
1512         command->op = op;
1513
1514         /* Parse additional options and non-options as needed */
1515         num_nonoptions = 0;
1516         for (;;) {
1517                 tchar *next_string;
1518
1519                 ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &next_string);
1520                 if (ret == PARSE_STRING_NONE) /* End of line */
1521                         break;
1522                 else if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS) /* Parse failure */
1523                         return false;
1524                 if (next_string[0] == T('-') && next_string[1] == T('-')) {
1525                         /* Option */
1526                         if (!update_command_add_option(op, next_string, command))
1527                         {
1528                                 imagex_error(T("Unrecognized option \"%"TS"\" to "
1529                                                "update command \"%"TS"\" on line %zu"),
1530                                              next_string, command_name, line_number);
1531
1532                                 return false;
1533                         }
1534                 } else {
1535                         /* Nonoption */
1536                         if (num_nonoptions == update_command_num_nonoptions[op])
1537                         {
1538                                 imagex_error(T("Unexpected argument \"%"TS"\" in "
1539                                                "update command on line %zu\n"
1540                                                "       (The \"%"TS"\" command only "
1541                                                "takes %zu nonoption arguments!)\n"),
1542                                              next_string, line_number,
1543                                              command_name, num_nonoptions);
1544                                 return false;
1545                         }
1546                         update_command_add_nonoption(op, next_string,
1547                                                      command, num_nonoptions);
1548                         num_nonoptions++;
1549                 }
1550         }
1551
1552         if (num_nonoptions != update_command_num_nonoptions[op]) {
1553                 imagex_error(T("Not enough arguments to update command "
1554                                "\"%"TS"\" on line %zu"), command_name, line_number);
1555                 return false;
1556         }
1557         return true;
1558 }
1559
1560 static struct wimlib_update_command *
1561 parse_update_command_file(tchar **cmd_file_contents_p, size_t cmd_file_nchars,
1562                           size_t *num_cmds_ret)
1563 {
1564         ssize_t nlines;
1565         tchar *p;
1566         struct wimlib_update_command *cmds;
1567         size_t i, j;
1568
1569         nlines = text_file_count_lines(cmd_file_contents_p,
1570                                        &cmd_file_nchars);
1571         if (nlines < 0)
1572                 return NULL;
1573
1574         /* Always allocate at least 1 slot, just in case the implementation of
1575          * calloc() returns NULL if 0 bytes are requested. */
1576         cmds = calloc(nlines ?: 1, sizeof(struct wimlib_update_command));
1577         if (!cmds) {
1578                 imagex_error(T("out of memory"));
1579                 return NULL;
1580         }
1581         p = *cmd_file_contents_p;
1582         j = 0;
1583         for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++) {
1584                 /* XXX: Could use rawmemchr() here instead, but it may not be
1585                  * available on all platforms. */
1586                 tchar *endp = tmemchr(p, T('\n'), cmd_file_nchars);
1587                 size_t len = endp - p + 1;
1588                 *endp = T('\0');
1589                 if (!is_comment_line(p, len)) {
1590                         if (!parse_update_command(p, len, &cmds[j++], i + 1)) {
1591                                 free(cmds);
1592                                 return NULL;
1593                         }
1594                 }
1595                 p = endp + 1;
1596         }
1597         *num_cmds_ret = j;
1598         return cmds;
1599 }
1600
1601 /* Apply one image, or all images, from a WIM file to a directory, OR apply
1602  * one image from a WIM file to an NTFS volume.  */
1603 static int
1604 imagex_apply(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
1605 {
1606         int c;
1607         int open_flags = 0;
1608         int image = WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE;
1609         WIMStruct *wim;
1610         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
1611         int ret;
1612         const tchar *wimfile;
1613         const tchar *target;
1614         const tchar *image_num_or_name = NULL;
1615         int extract_flags = 0;
1616
1617         STRING_SET(refglobs);
1618
1619         for_opt(c, apply_options) {
1620                 switch (c) {
1621                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
1622                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1623                         break;
1624                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
1625                         /* No longer does anything.  */
1626                         break;
1627                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
1628                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
1629                         if (ret)
1630                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
1631                         break;
1632                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
1633                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1634                         break;
1635                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
1636                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1637                         break;
1638                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
1639                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1640                         break;
1641                 case IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION:
1642                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ATTRIBUTES;
1643                         break;
1644                 case IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION:
1645                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NORPFIX;
1646                         break;
1647                 case IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION:
1648                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_RPFIX;
1649                         break;
1650                 case IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION:
1651                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_REPLACE_INVALID_FILENAMES;
1652                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_ALL_CASE_CONFLICTS;
1653                         break;
1654                 case IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION:
1655                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_RESUME;
1656                         break;
1657                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
1658                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
1659                         break;
1660                 case IMAGEX_COMPACT_OPTION:
1661                         ret = set_compact_mode(optarg, &extract_flags);
1662                         if (ret)
1663                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
1664                         break;
1665                 default:
1666                         goto out_usage;
1667                 }
1668         }
1669         argc -= optind;
1670         argv += optind;
1671         if (argc != 2 && argc != 3)
1672                 goto out_usage;
1673
1674         wimfile = argv[0];
1675
1676         if (!tstrcmp(wimfile, T("-"))) {
1677                 /* Attempt to apply pipable WIM from standard input.  */
1678                 if (argc == 2) {
1679                         image_num_or_name = NULL;
1680                         target = argv[1];
1681                 } else {
1682                         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
1683                         target = argv[2];
1684                 }
1685                 wim = NULL;
1686         } else {
1687                 ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
1688                                                     imagex_progress_func, NULL);
1689                 if (ret)
1690                         goto out_free_refglobs;
1691
1692                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
1693
1694                 if (argc >= 3) {
1695                         /* Image explicitly specified.  */
1696                         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
1697                         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
1698                         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
1699                         if (ret)
1700                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
1701                         target = argv[2];
1702                 } else {
1703                         /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
1704                          * contains exactly one image.  */
1705
1706                         if (info.image_count != 1) {
1707                                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; "
1708                                                "Please select one (or all)."),
1709                                              wimfile, info.image_count);
1710                                 wimlib_free(wim);
1711                                 goto out_usage;
1712                         }
1713                         image = 1;
1714                         target = argv[1];
1715                 }
1716         }
1717
1718         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
1719                 if (wim == NULL) {
1720                         imagex_error(T("Can't specify --ref when applying from stdin!"));
1721                         ret = -1;
1722                         goto out_wimlib_free;
1723                 }
1724                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
1725                 if (ret)
1726                         goto out_wimlib_free;
1727         }
1728
1729 #ifndef __WIN32__
1730         {
1731                 /* Interpret a regular file or block device target as an NTFS
1732                  * volume.  */
1733                 struct stat stbuf;
1734
1735                 if (tstat(target, &stbuf)) {
1736                         if (errno != ENOENT) {
1737                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat \"%"TS"\""),
1738                                                         target);
1739                                 ret = -1;
1740                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
1741                         }
1742                 } else {
1743                         if (S_ISBLK(stbuf.st_mode) || S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode))
1744                                 extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS;
1745                 }
1746         }
1747 #endif
1748
1749         if (wim) {
1750                 ret = wimlib_extract_image(wim, image, target, extract_flags);
1751         } else {
1752                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(STDIN_FILENO);
1753                 ret = wimlib_extract_image_from_pipe_with_progress(
1754                                            STDIN_FILENO,
1755                                            image_num_or_name,
1756                                            target,
1757                                            extract_flags,
1758                                            imagex_progress_func,
1759                                            NULL);
1760         }
1761         if (ret == 0) {
1762                 imagex_printf(T("Done applying WIM image.\n"));
1763         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
1764                 if (wim) {
1765                         do_resource_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info, &refglobs);
1766                 } else {
1767                         imagex_error(T(        "If you are applying an image "
1768                                                "from a split pipable WIM,\n"
1769                                        "       make sure you have "
1770                                        "concatenated together all parts."));
1771                 }
1772         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_METADATA_NOT_FOUND && wim) {
1773                 do_metadata_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info);
1774         }
1775 out_wimlib_free:
1776         wimlib_free(wim);
1777 out_free_refglobs:
1778         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
1779         return ret;
1780
1781 out_usage:
1782         usage(CMD_APPLY, stderr);
1783         ret = -1;
1784         goto out_free_refglobs;
1785 }
1786
1787 /* Create a WIM image from a directory tree, NTFS volume, or multiple files or
1788  * directory trees.  'wimlib-imagex capture': create a new WIM file containing
1789  * the desired image.  'wimlib-imagex append': add a new image to an existing
1790  * WIM file. */
1791 static int
1792 imagex_capture_or_append(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
1793 {
1794         int c;
1795         int open_flags = 0;
1796         int add_flags = WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_EXCLUDE_VERBOSE |
1797                         WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_WINCONFIG |
1798                         WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_VERBOSE;
1799         int write_flags = 0;
1800         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
1801         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
1802         uint32_t solid_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
1803         int solid_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
1804         const tchar *wimfile;
1805         int wim_fd;
1806         const tchar *name;
1807         const tchar *desc;
1808         const tchar *flags_element = NULL;
1809
1810         WIMStruct *wim;
1811         STRING_SET(base_wimfiles);
1812         WIMStruct **base_wims;
1813
1814         WIMStruct *template_wim;
1815         const tchar *template_wimfile = NULL;
1816         const tchar *template_image_name_or_num = NULL;
1817         int template_image = WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE;
1818
1819         int ret;
1820         unsigned num_threads = 0;
1821
1822         tchar *source;
1823         tchar *source_copy;
1824
1825         tchar *config_file = NULL;
1826
1827         bool source_list = false;
1828         size_t source_list_nchars = 0;
1829         tchar *source_list_contents;
1830         bool capture_sources_malloced;
1831         struct wimlib_capture_source *capture_sources;
1832         size_t num_sources;
1833         bool name_defaulted;
1834
1835         for_opt(c, capture_or_append_options) {
1836                 switch (c) {
1837                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
1838                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_BOOT;
1839                         break;
1840                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
1841                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1842                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1843                         break;
1844                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
1845                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1846                         break;
1847                 case IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION:
1848                         config_file = optarg;
1849                         add_flags &= ~WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_WINCONFIG;
1850                         break;
1851                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
1852                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
1853                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
1854                                 goto out_err;
1855                         break;
1856                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
1857                         set_compress_slow();
1858                         break;
1859                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
1860                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
1861                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
1862                                 goto out_err;
1863                         break;
1864                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
1865                         solid_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
1866                         if (solid_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
1867                                 goto out_err;
1868                         break;
1869                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION:
1870                         solid_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
1871                         if (solid_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
1872                                 goto out_err;
1873                         break;
1874                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION:
1875                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOLID;
1876                         break;
1877                 case IMAGEX_NO_SOLID_SORT_OPTION:
1878                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_SOLID_SORT;
1879                         break;
1880                 case IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION:
1881                         flags_element = optarg;
1882                         break;
1883                 case IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION:
1884                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_DEREFERENCE;
1885                         break;
1886                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
1887                         /* No longer does anything.  */
1888                         break;
1889                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
1890                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
1891                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
1892                                 goto out_err;
1893                         break;
1894                 case IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION:
1895                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
1896                         break;
1897                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
1898                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1899                         break;
1900                 case IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION:
1901                         source_list = true;
1902                         break;
1903                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
1904                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1905                         break;
1906                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
1907                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1908                         break;
1909                 case IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION:
1910                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_RPFIX;
1911                         break;
1912                 case IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION:
1913                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NORPFIX;
1914                         break;
1915                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
1916                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
1917                         break;
1918                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
1919                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
1920                         break;
1921                 case IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION:
1922                         if (template_image_name_or_num) {
1923                                 imagex_error(T("'--update-of' can only be "
1924                                                "specified one time!"));
1925                                 goto out_err;
1926                         } else {
1927                                 tchar *colon;
1928                                 colon = tstrrchr(optarg, T(':'));
1929
1930                                 if (colon) {
1931                                         template_wimfile = optarg;
1932                                         *colon = T('\0');
1933                                         template_image_name_or_num = colon + 1;
1934                                 } else {
1935                                         template_wimfile = NULL;
1936                                         template_image_name_or_num = optarg;
1937                                 }
1938                         }
1939                         break;
1940                 case IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION:
1941                         if (cmd != CMD_CAPTURE) {
1942                                 imagex_error(T("'--delta-from' is only "
1943                                                "valid for capture!"));
1944                                 goto out_usage;
1945                         }
1946                         ret = string_set_append(&base_wimfiles, optarg);
1947                         if (ret)
1948                                 goto out_free_base_wimfiles;
1949                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SKIP_EXTERNAL_WIMS;
1950                         break;
1951                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
1952                         add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
1953                         break;
1954                 default:
1955                         goto out_usage;
1956                 }
1957         }
1958         argc -= optind;
1959         argv += optind;
1960
1961         if (argc < 2 || argc > 4)
1962                 goto out_usage;
1963
1964         source = argv[0];
1965         wimfile = argv[1];
1966
1967         /* Set default compression type and parameters.  */
1968
1969
1970         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
1971                 /* No compression type specified.  Use the default.  */
1972
1973                 if (add_flags & WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_WIMBOOT) {
1974                         /* With --wimboot, default to XPRESS compression.  */
1975                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
1976                 } else if (write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOLID) {
1977                         /* With --solid, default to LZMS compression.  (However,
1978                          * this will not affect solid resources!)  */
1979                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
1980                 } else {
1981                         /* Otherwise, default to LZX compression.  */
1982                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX;
1983                 }
1984         }
1985
1986         if (!tstrcmp(wimfile, T("-"))) {
1987                 /* Writing captured WIM to standard output.  */
1988         #if 0
1989                 if (!(write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE)) {
1990                         imagex_error("Can't write a non-pipable WIM to "
1991                                      "standard output!  Specify --pipable\n"
1992                                      "       if you want to create a pipable WIM "
1993                                      "(but read the docs first).");
1994                         goto out_err;
1995                 }
1996         #else
1997                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
1998         #endif
1999                 if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2000                         imagex_error(T("Using standard output for append does "
2001                                        "not make sense."));
2002                         goto out_err;
2003                 }
2004                 wim_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
2005                 wimfile = NULL;
2006                 imagex_info_file = stderr;
2007                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(wim_fd);
2008         }
2009
2010         /* If template image was specified using --update-of=IMAGE rather
2011          * than --update-of=WIMFILE:IMAGE, set the default WIMFILE.  */
2012         if (template_image_name_or_num && !template_wimfile) {
2013                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1) {
2014                         /* Capturing delta WIM based on single WIM:  default to
2015                          * base WIM.  */
2016                         template_wimfile = base_wimfiles.strings[0];
2017                 } else if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2018                         /* Appending to WIM:  default to WIM being appended to.
2019                          */
2020                         template_wimfile = wimfile;
2021                 } else {
2022                         /* Capturing a normal (non-delta) WIM, so the WIM file
2023                          * *must* be explicitly specified.  */
2024                         if (base_wimfiles.num_strings > 1) {
2025                                 imagex_error(T("For capture of delta WIM "
2026                                                "based on multiple existing "
2027                                                "WIMs,\n"
2028                                                "      '--update-of' must "
2029                                                "specify WIMFILE:IMAGE!"));
2030                         } else {
2031                                 imagex_error(T("For capture of non-delta WIM, "
2032                                                "'--update-of' must specify "
2033                                                "WIMFILE:IMAGE!"));
2034                         }
2035                         goto out_usage;
2036                 }
2037         }
2038
2039         if (argc >= 3) {
2040                 name = argv[2];
2041                 name_defaulted = false;
2042         } else {
2043                 /* Set default name to SOURCE argument, omitting any directory
2044                  * prefixes and trailing slashes.  This requires making a copy
2045                  * of @source.  Leave some free characters at the end in case we
2046                  * append a number to keep the name unique. */
2047                 size_t source_name_len;
2048
2049                 source_name_len = tstrlen(source);
2050                 source_copy = alloca((source_name_len + 1 + 25) * sizeof(tchar));
2051                 name = tbasename(tstrcpy(source_copy, source));
2052                 name_defaulted = true;
2053         }
2054         /* Image description defaults to NULL if not given. */
2055         if (argc >= 4)
2056                 desc = argv[3];
2057         else
2058                 desc = NULL;
2059
2060         if (source_list) {
2061                 /* Set up capture sources in source list mode */
2062                 if (source[0] == T('-') && source[1] == T('\0')) {
2063                         source_list_contents = stdin_get_text_contents(&source_list_nchars);
2064                 } else {
2065                         source_list_contents = file_get_text_contents(source,
2066                                                                       &source_list_nchars);
2067                 }
2068                 if (!source_list_contents)
2069                         goto out_err;
2070
2071                 capture_sources = parse_source_list(&source_list_contents,
2072                                                     source_list_nchars,
2073                                                     &num_sources);
2074                 if (!capture_sources) {
2075                         ret = -1;
2076                         goto out_free_source_list_contents;
2077                 }
2078                 capture_sources_malloced = true;
2079         } else {
2080                 /* Set up capture source in non-source-list mode.  */
2081                 capture_sources = alloca(sizeof(struct wimlib_capture_source));
2082                 capture_sources[0].fs_source_path = source;
2083                 capture_sources[0].wim_target_path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2084                 capture_sources[0].reserved = 0;
2085                 num_sources = 1;
2086                 capture_sources_malloced = false;
2087                 source_list_contents = NULL;
2088         }
2089
2090         /* Open the existing WIM, or create a new one.  */
2091         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2092                 ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile,
2093                                                     open_flags | WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS,
2094                                                     &wim,
2095                                                     imagex_progress_func,
2096                                                     NULL);
2097                 if (ret)
2098                         goto out_free_capture_sources;
2099         } else {
2100                 ret = wimlib_create_new_wim(compression_type, &wim);
2101                 if (ret)
2102                         goto out_free_capture_sources;
2103                 wimlib_register_progress_function(wim, imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2104         }
2105
2106         /* Set chunk size if non-default.  */
2107         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2108                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, chunk_size);
2109                 if (ret)
2110                         goto out_free_wim;
2111         } else if ((add_flags & WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_WIMBOOT) &&
2112                    compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS) {
2113                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, 4096);
2114                 if (ret)
2115                         goto out_free_wim;
2116         }
2117         if (solid_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2118                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(wim, solid_ctype);
2119                 if (ret)
2120                         goto out_free_wim;
2121         }
2122         if (solid_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2123                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(wim, solid_chunk_size);
2124                 if (ret)
2125                         goto out_free_wim;
2126         }
2127
2128 #ifndef __WIN32__
2129         /* Detect if source is regular file or block device and set NTFS volume
2130          * capture mode.  */
2131         if (!source_list) {
2132                 struct stat stbuf;
2133
2134                 if (tstat(source, &stbuf) == 0) {
2135                         if (S_ISBLK(stbuf.st_mode) || S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
2136                                 imagex_printf(T("Capturing WIM image from NTFS "
2137                                           "filesystem on \"%"TS"\"\n"), source);
2138                                 add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NTFS;
2139                         }
2140                 } else {
2141                         if (errno != ENOENT) {
2142                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat "
2143                                                           "\"%"TS"\""), source);
2144                                 ret = -1;
2145                                 goto out_free_wim;
2146                         }
2147                 }
2148         }
2149 #endif
2150
2151         /* If the user did not specify an image name, and the basename of the
2152          * source already exists as an image name in the WIM file, append a
2153          * suffix to make it unique. */
2154         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND && name_defaulted) {
2155                 unsigned long conflict_idx;
2156                 tchar *name_end = tstrchr(name, T('\0'));
2157                 for (conflict_idx = 1;
2158                      wimlib_image_name_in_use(wim, name);
2159                      conflict_idx++)
2160                 {
2161                         tsprintf(name_end, T(" (%lu)"), conflict_idx);
2162                 }
2163         }
2164
2165         /* If capturing a delta WIM, reference resources from the base WIMs
2166          * before adding the new image.  */
2167         if (base_wimfiles.num_strings) {
2168                 base_wims = calloc(base_wimfiles.num_strings,
2169                                    sizeof(base_wims[0]));
2170                 if (base_wims == NULL) {
2171                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
2172                         ret = -1;
2173                         goto out_free_wim;
2174                 }
2175
2176                 for (size_t i = 0; i < base_wimfiles.num_strings; i++) {
2177                         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(
2178                                     base_wimfiles.strings[i], open_flags,
2179                                     &base_wims[i], imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2180                         if (ret)
2181                                 goto out_free_base_wims;
2182
2183                 }
2184
2185                 ret = wimlib_reference_resources(wim, base_wims,
2186                                                  base_wimfiles.num_strings, 0);
2187                 if (ret)
2188                         goto out_free_base_wims;
2189
2190                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1) {
2191                         imagex_printf(T("Capturing delta WIM based on \"%"TS"\"\n"),
2192                                       base_wimfiles.strings[0]);
2193                 } else {
2194                         imagex_printf(T("Capturing delta WIM based on %u WIMs\n"),
2195                                       base_wimfiles.num_strings);
2196                 }
2197
2198         } else {
2199                 base_wims = NULL;
2200         }
2201
2202         /* If capturing or appending as an update of an existing (template) image,
2203          * open the WIM if needed and parse the image index.  */
2204         if (template_image_name_or_num) {
2205
2206
2207                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1 &&
2208                     template_wimfile == base_wimfiles.strings[0]) {
2209                         template_wim = base_wims[0];
2210                 } else if (template_wimfile == wimfile) {
2211                         template_wim = wim;
2212                 } else {
2213                         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(template_wimfile,
2214                                                             open_flags,
2215                                                             &template_wim,
2216                                                             imagex_progress_func,
2217                                                             NULL);
2218                         if (ret)
2219                                 goto out_free_base_wims;
2220                 }
2221
2222                 template_image = wimlib_resolve_image(template_wim,
2223                                                       template_image_name_or_num);
2224
2225                 if (template_image_name_or_num[0] == T('-')) {
2226                         tchar *tmp;
2227                         unsigned long n;
2228                         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2229
2230                         wimlib_get_wim_info(template_wim, &info);
2231                         n = tstrtoul(template_image_name_or_num + 1, &tmp, 10);
2232                         if (n >= 1 && n <= info.image_count &&
2233                             *tmp == T('\0') &&
2234                             tmp != template_image_name_or_num + 1)
2235                         {
2236                                 template_image = info.image_count - (n - 1);
2237                         }
2238                 }
2239                 ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(template_image,
2240                                                         template_image_name_or_num,
2241                                                         template_wimfile);
2242                 if (ret)
2243                         goto out_free_template_wim;
2244         } else {
2245                 template_wim = NULL;
2246         }
2247
2248         ret = wimlib_add_image_multisource(wim,
2249                                            capture_sources,
2250                                            num_sources,
2251                                            name,
2252                                            config_file,
2253                                            add_flags);
2254         if (ret)
2255                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2256
2257         if (desc || flags_element || template_image_name_or_num) {
2258                 /* User provided <DESCRIPTION> or <FLAGS> element, or an image
2259                  * on which the added one is to be based has been specified with
2260                  * --update-of.  Get the index of the image we just
2261                  *  added, then use it to call the appropriate functions.  */
2262                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2263
2264                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2265
2266                 if (desc) {
2267                         ret = wimlib_set_image_descripton(wim,
2268                                                           info.image_count,
2269                                                           desc);
2270                         if (ret)
2271                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2272                 }
2273
2274                 if (flags_element) {
2275                         ret = wimlib_set_image_flags(wim, info.image_count,
2276                                                      flags_element);
2277                         if (ret)
2278                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2279                 }
2280
2281                 /* Reference template image if the user provided one.  */
2282                 if (template_image_name_or_num) {
2283                         imagex_printf(T("Using image %d "
2284                                         "from \"%"TS"\" as template\n"),
2285                                         template_image, template_wimfile);
2286                         ret = wimlib_reference_template_image(wim,
2287                                                               info.image_count,
2288                                                               template_wim,
2289                                                               template_image,
2290                                                               0);
2291                         if (ret)
2292                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2293                 }
2294         }
2295
2296         /* Write the new WIM or overwrite the existing WIM with the new image
2297          * appended.  */
2298         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2299                 ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, num_threads);
2300         } else if (wimfile) {
2301                 ret = wimlib_write(wim, wimfile, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2302                                    write_flags, num_threads);
2303         } else {
2304                 ret = wimlib_write_to_fd(wim, wim_fd, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2305                                          write_flags, num_threads);
2306         }
2307 out_free_template_wim:
2308         /* template_wim may alias base_wims[0] or wim.  */
2309         if ((base_wimfiles.num_strings != 1 || template_wim != base_wims[0]) &&
2310             template_wim != wim)
2311                 wimlib_free(template_wim);
2312 out_free_base_wims:
2313         for (size_t i = 0; i < base_wimfiles.num_strings; i++)
2314                 wimlib_free(base_wims[i]);
2315         free(base_wims);
2316 out_free_wim:
2317         wimlib_free(wim);
2318 out_free_capture_sources:
2319         if (capture_sources_malloced)
2320                 free(capture_sources);
2321 out_free_source_list_contents:
2322         free(source_list_contents);
2323 out_free_base_wimfiles:
2324         string_set_destroy(&base_wimfiles);
2325         return ret;
2326
2327 out_usage:
2328         usage(cmd, stderr);
2329 out_err:
2330         ret = -1;
2331         goto out_free_base_wimfiles;
2332 }
2333
2334 /* Remove image(s) from a WIM. */
2335 static int
2336 imagex_delete(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2337 {
2338         int c;
2339         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
2340         int write_flags = 0;
2341         const tchar *wimfile;
2342         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
2343         WIMStruct *wim;
2344         int image;
2345         int ret;
2346
2347         for_opt(c, delete_options) {
2348                 switch (c) {
2349                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2350                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2351                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2352                         break;
2353                 case IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION:
2354                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOFT_DELETE;
2355                         break;
2356                 default:
2357                         goto out_usage;
2358                 }
2359         }
2360         argc -= optind;
2361         argv += optind;
2362
2363         if (argc != 2) {
2364                 if (argc < 1)
2365                         imagex_error(T("Must specify a WIM file"));
2366                 if (argc < 2)
2367                         imagex_error(T("Must specify an image"));
2368                 goto out_usage;
2369         }
2370         wimfile = argv[0];
2371         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2372
2373         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
2374                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2375         if (ret)
2376                 goto out;
2377
2378         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
2379
2380         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
2381         if (ret)
2382                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2383
2384         ret = wimlib_delete_image(wim, image);
2385         if (ret) {
2386                 imagex_error(T("Failed to delete image from \"%"TS"\""),
2387                              wimfile);
2388                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2389         }
2390
2391         ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, 0);
2392         if (ret) {
2393                 imagex_error(T("Failed to write the file \"%"TS"\" with image "
2394                                "deleted"), wimfile);
2395         }
2396 out_wimlib_free:
2397         wimlib_free(wim);
2398 out:
2399         return ret;
2400
2401 out_usage:
2402         usage(CMD_DELETE, stderr);
2403         ret = -1;
2404         goto out;
2405 }
2406
2407 struct print_dentry_options {
2408         bool detailed;
2409 };
2410
2411 static void
2412 print_dentry_full_path(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry)
2413 {
2414         tprintf(T("%"TS"\n"), dentry->full_path);
2415 }
2416
2417 static const struct {
2418         uint32_t flag;
2419         const tchar *name;
2420 } file_attr_flags[] = {
2421         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY,            T("READONLY")},
2422         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN,              T("HIDDEN")},
2423         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM,              T("SYSTEM")},
2424         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY,           T("DIRECTORY")},
2425         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE,             T("ARCHIVE")},
2426         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE,              T("DEVICE")},
2427         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,              T("NORMAL")},
2428         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_TEMPORARY,           T("TEMPORARY")},
2429         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SPARSE_FILE,         T("SPARSE_FILE")},
2430         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT,       T("REPARSE_POINT")},
2431         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_COMPRESSED,          T("COMPRESSED")},
2432         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_OFFLINE,             T("OFFLINE")},
2433         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED, T("NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED")},
2434         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ENCRYPTED,           T("ENCRYPTED")},
2435         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_VIRTUAL,             T("VIRTUAL")},
2436 };
2437
2438 #define TIMESTR_MAX 100
2439
2440 static void
2441 timespec_to_string(const struct timespec *spec, tchar *buf)
2442 {
2443         time_t t = spec->tv_sec;
2444         struct tm tm;
2445         gmtime_r(&t, &tm);
2446         tstrftime(buf, TIMESTR_MAX, T("%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y UTC"), &tm);
2447         buf[TIMESTR_MAX - 1] = '\0';
2448 }
2449
2450 static void
2451 print_time(const tchar *type, const struct timespec *spec)
2452 {
2453         tchar timestr[TIMESTR_MAX];
2454
2455         timespec_to_string(spec, timestr);
2456
2457         tprintf(T("%-20"TS"= %"TS"\n"), type, timestr);
2458 }
2459
2460 static void print_byte_field(const uint8_t field[], size_t len)
2461 {
2462         while (len--)
2463                 tprintf(T("%02hhx"), *field++);
2464 }
2465
2466 static void
2467 print_wim_information(const tchar *wimfile, const struct wimlib_wim_info *info)
2468 {
2469         tchar attr_string[256];
2470         tchar *p;
2471
2472         tputs(T("WIM Information:"));
2473         tputs(T("----------------"));
2474         tprintf(T("Path:           %"TS"\n"), wimfile);
2475         tprintf(T("GUID:           0x"));
2476         print_byte_field(info->guid, sizeof(info->guid));
2477         tputchar(T('\n'));
2478         tprintf(T("Version:        %u\n"), info->wim_version);
2479         tprintf(T("Image Count:    %d\n"), info->image_count);
2480         tprintf(T("Compression:    %"TS"\n"),
2481                 wimlib_get_compression_type_string(info->compression_type));
2482         tprintf(T("Chunk Size:     %"PRIu32" bytes\n"),
2483                 info->chunk_size);
2484         tprintf(T("Part Number:    %d/%d\n"), info->part_number, info->total_parts);
2485         tprintf(T("Boot Index:     %d\n"), info->boot_index);
2486         tprintf(T("Size:           %"PRIu64" bytes\n"), info->total_bytes);
2487
2488         attr_string[0] = T('\0');
2489
2490         if (info->pipable)
2491                 tstrcat(attr_string, T("Pipable, "));
2492
2493         if (info->has_integrity_table)
2494                 tstrcat(attr_string, T("Integrity info, "));
2495
2496         if (info->has_rpfix)
2497                 tstrcat(attr_string, T("Relative path junction, "));
2498
2499         if (info->resource_only)
2500                 tstrcat(attr_string, T("Resource only, "));
2501
2502         if (info->metadata_only)
2503                 tstrcat(attr_string, T("Metadata only, "));
2504
2505         if (info->is_marked_readonly)
2506                 tstrcat(attr_string, T("Readonly, "));
2507
2508         p = tstrchr(attr_string, T('\0'));
2509         if (p >= &attr_string[2] && p[-1] == T(' ') && p[-2] == T(','))
2510                 p[-2] = T('\0');
2511
2512         tprintf(T("Attributes:     %"TS"\n\n"), attr_string);
2513 }
2514
2515 static int
2516 print_resource(const struct wimlib_resource_entry *resource,
2517                void *_ignore)
2518 {
2519         tprintf(T("Hash              = 0x"));
2520         print_byte_field(resource->sha1_hash, sizeof(resource->sha1_hash));
2521         tputchar(T('\n'));
2522
2523         if (!resource->is_missing) {
2524                 tprintf(T("Uncompressed size = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2525                         resource->uncompressed_size);
2526                 if (resource->packed) {
2527                         tprintf(T("Solid resource    = %"PRIu64" => %"PRIu64" "
2528                                   "bytes @ offset %"PRIu64"\n"),
2529                                 resource->raw_resource_uncompressed_size,
2530                                 resource->raw_resource_compressed_size,
2531                                 resource->raw_resource_offset_in_wim);
2532
2533                         tprintf(T("Solid offset      = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2534                                 resource->offset);
2535                 } else {
2536                         tprintf(T("Compressed size   = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2537                                 resource->compressed_size);
2538
2539                         tprintf(T("Offset in WIM     = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2540                                 resource->offset);
2541                 }
2542
2543                 tprintf(T("Part Number       = %u\n"), resource->part_number);
2544                 tprintf(T("Reference Count   = %u\n"), resource->reference_count);
2545
2546                 tprintf(T("Flags             = "));
2547                 if (resource->is_compressed)
2548                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_COMPRESSED  "));
2549                 if (resource->is_metadata)
2550                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_METADATA  "));
2551                 if (resource->is_free)
2552                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_FREE  "));
2553                 if (resource->is_spanned)
2554                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_SPANNED  "));
2555                 if (resource->packed)
2556                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_SOLID  "));
2557                 tputchar(T('\n'));
2558         }
2559         tputchar(T('\n'));
2560         return 0;
2561 }
2562
2563 static void
2564 print_blobs(WIMStruct *wim)
2565 {
2566         wimlib_iterate_lookup_table(wim, 0, print_resource, NULL);
2567 }
2568
2569 static void
2570 default_print_security_descriptor(const uint8_t *sd, size_t size)
2571 {
2572         tprintf(T("Security Descriptor = "));
2573         print_byte_field(sd, size);
2574         tputchar(T('\n'));
2575 }
2576
2577 static void
2578 print_dentry_detailed(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry)
2579 {
2580
2581         tprintf(T(
2582 "----------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"));
2583         tprintf(T("Full Path           = \"%"TS"\"\n"), dentry->full_path);
2584         if (dentry->dos_name)
2585                 tprintf(T("Short Name          = \"%"TS"\"\n"), dentry->dos_name);
2586         tprintf(T("Attributes          = 0x%08x\n"), dentry->attributes);
2587         for (size_t i = 0; i < ARRAY_LEN(file_attr_flags); i++)
2588                 if (file_attr_flags[i].flag & dentry->attributes)
2589                         tprintf(T("    FILE_ATTRIBUTE_%"TS" is set\n"),
2590                                 file_attr_flags[i].name);
2591
2592         if (dentry->security_descriptor) {
2593                 print_security_descriptor(dentry->security_descriptor,
2594                                           dentry->security_descriptor_size);
2595         }
2596
2597         print_time(T("Creation Time"), &dentry->creation_time);
2598         print_time(T("Last Write Time"), &dentry->last_write_time);
2599         print_time(T("Last Access Time"), &dentry->last_access_time);
2600
2601
2602         if (dentry->attributes & WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT)
2603                 tprintf(T("Reparse Tag         = 0x%"PRIx32"\n"), dentry->reparse_tag);
2604
2605         tprintf(T("Link Group ID       = 0x%016"PRIx64"\n"), dentry->hard_link_group_id);
2606         tprintf(T("Link Count          = %"PRIu32"\n"), dentry->num_links);
2607
2608         if (dentry->unix_mode != 0) {
2609                 tprintf(T("UNIX Data           = uid:%"PRIu32" gid:%"PRIu32" "
2610                           "mode:0%"PRIo32" rdev:0x%"PRIx32"\n"),
2611                         dentry->unix_uid, dentry->unix_gid,
2612                         dentry->unix_mode, dentry->unix_rdev);
2613         }
2614
2615         for (uint32_t i = 0; i <= dentry->num_named_streams; i++) {
2616                 if (dentry->streams[i].stream_name) {
2617                         tprintf(T("\tNamed data stream \"%"TS"\":\n"),
2618                                 dentry->streams[i].stream_name);
2619                 } else if (dentry->attributes & WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ENCRYPTED) {
2620                         tprintf(T("\tRaw encrypted data stream:\n"));
2621                 } else if (dentry->attributes & WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT) {
2622                         tprintf(T("\tReparse point stream:\n"));
2623                 } else {
2624                         tprintf(T("\tUnnamed data stream:\n"));
2625                 }
2626                 print_resource(&dentry->streams[i].resource, NULL);
2627         }
2628 }
2629
2630 static int
2631 print_dentry(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry, void *_options)
2632 {
2633         const struct print_dentry_options *options = _options;
2634         if (!options->detailed)
2635                 print_dentry_full_path(dentry);
2636         else
2637                 print_dentry_detailed(dentry);
2638         return 0;
2639 }
2640
2641 /* Print the files contained in an image(s) in a WIM file. */
2642 static int
2643 imagex_dir(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2644 {
2645         const tchar *wimfile;
2646         WIMStruct *wim = NULL;
2647         int image;
2648         int ret;
2649         const tchar *path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2650         int c;
2651         struct print_dentry_options options = {
2652                 .detailed = false,
2653         };
2654         int iterate_flags = WIMLIB_ITERATE_DIR_TREE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
2655
2656         STRING_SET(refglobs);
2657
2658         for_opt(c, dir_options) {
2659                 switch (c) {
2660                 case IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION:
2661                         path = optarg;
2662                         break;
2663                 case IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION:
2664                         options.detailed = true;
2665                         break;
2666                 case IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION:
2667                         iterate_flags &= ~WIMLIB_ITERATE_DIR_TREE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
2668                         break;
2669                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
2670                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
2671                         if (ret)
2672                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2673                         break;
2674                 default:
2675                         goto out_usage;
2676                 }
2677         }
2678         argc -= optind;
2679         argv += optind;
2680
2681         if (argc < 1) {
2682                 imagex_error(T("Must specify a WIM file"));
2683                 goto out_usage;
2684         }
2685         if (argc > 2) {
2686                 imagex_error(T("Too many arguments"));
2687                 goto out_usage;
2688         }
2689
2690         wimfile = argv[0];
2691         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, 0, &wim,
2692                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2693         if (ret)
2694                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2695
2696         if (argc >= 2) {
2697                 image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, argv[1]);
2698                 ret = verify_image_exists(image, argv[1], wimfile);
2699                 if (ret)
2700                         goto out_wimlib_free;
2701         } else {
2702                 /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
2703                  * contains exactly one image.  */
2704
2705                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2706
2707                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2708                 if (info.image_count != 1) {
2709                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; Please "
2710                                        "select one (or all)."),
2711                                      wimfile, info.image_count);
2712                         wimlib_free(wim);
2713                         goto out_usage;
2714                 }
2715                 image = 1;
2716         }
2717
2718         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
2719                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, 0);
2720                 if (ret)
2721                         goto out_wimlib_free;
2722         }
2723
2724         ret = wimlib_iterate_dir_tree(wim, image, path, iterate_flags,
2725                                       print_dentry, &options);
2726         if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_METADATA_NOT_FOUND) {
2727                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2728
2729                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2730                 do_metadata_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info);
2731         }
2732 out_wimlib_free:
2733         wimlib_free(wim);
2734 out_free_refglobs:
2735         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
2736         return ret;
2737
2738 out_usage:
2739         usage(CMD_DIR, stderr);
2740         ret = -1;
2741         goto out_free_refglobs;
2742 }
2743
2744 /* Exports one, or all, images from a WIM file to a new WIM file or an existing
2745  * WIM file. */
2746 static int
2747 imagex_export(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2748 {
2749         int c;
2750         int open_flags = 0;
2751         int export_flags = WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_GIFT;
2752         int write_flags = 0;
2753         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
2754         const tchar *src_wimfile;
2755         const tchar *src_image_num_or_name;
2756         const tchar *dest_wimfile;
2757         int dest_wim_fd;
2758         const tchar *dest_name;
2759         const tchar *dest_desc;
2760         WIMStruct *src_wim;
2761         struct wimlib_wim_info src_info;
2762         WIMStruct *dest_wim;
2763         int ret;
2764         int image;
2765         struct stat stbuf;
2766         bool wim_is_new;
2767         STRING_SET(refglobs);
2768         unsigned num_threads = 0;
2769         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
2770         uint32_t solid_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
2771         int solid_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
2772
2773         for_opt(c, export_options) {
2774                 switch (c) {
2775                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
2776                         export_flags |= WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_BOOT;
2777                         break;
2778                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2779                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2780                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2781                         break;
2782                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
2783                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2784                         break;
2785                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
2786                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
2787                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
2788                                 goto out_err;
2789                         break;
2790                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
2791                         set_compress_slow();
2792                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
2793                         break;
2794                 case IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION:
2795                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
2796                         break;
2797                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION:
2798                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOLID;
2799                         break;
2800                 case IMAGEX_NO_SOLID_SORT_OPTION:
2801                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_SOLID_SORT;
2802                         break;
2803                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
2804                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
2805                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2806                                 goto out_err;
2807                         break;
2808                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
2809                         solid_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
2810                         if (solid_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2811                                 goto out_err;
2812                         break;
2813                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION:
2814                         solid_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
2815                         if (solid_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
2816                                 goto out_err;
2817                         break;
2818                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
2819                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
2820                         if (ret)
2821                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2822                         break;
2823                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
2824                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
2825                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
2826                                 goto out_err;
2827                         break;
2828                 case IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION:
2829                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
2830                         break;
2831                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
2832                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
2833                         break;
2834                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
2835                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
2836                         break;
2837                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
2838                         export_flags |= WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
2839                         break;
2840                 default:
2841                         goto out_usage;
2842                 }
2843         }
2844         argc -= optind;
2845         argv += optind;
2846         if (argc < 3 || argc > 5)
2847                 goto out_usage;
2848         src_wimfile           = argv[0];
2849         src_image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2850         dest_wimfile          = argv[2];
2851         dest_name             = (argc >= 4) ? argv[3] : NULL;
2852         dest_desc             = (argc >= 5) ? argv[4] : NULL;
2853         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(src_wimfile, open_flags, &src_wim,
2854                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2855         if (ret)
2856                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2857
2858         wimlib_get_wim_info(src_wim, &src_info);
2859
2860         /* Determine if the destination is an existing file or not.  If so, we
2861          * try to append the exported image(s) to it; otherwise, we create a new
2862          * WIM containing the exported image(s).  Furthermore, determine if we
2863          * need to write a pipable WIM directly to standard output.  */
2864
2865         if (tstrcmp(dest_wimfile, T("-")) == 0) {
2866         #if 0
2867                 if (!(write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE)) {
2868                         imagex_error("Can't write a non-pipable WIM to "
2869                                      "standard output!  Specify --pipable\n"
2870                                      "       if you want to create a pipable WIM "
2871                                      "(but read the docs first).");
2872                         ret = -1;
2873                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2874                 }
2875         #else
2876                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
2877         #endif
2878                 dest_wimfile = NULL;
2879                 dest_wim_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
2880                 imagex_info_file = stderr;
2881                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(dest_wim_fd);
2882         }
2883         errno = ENOENT;
2884         if (dest_wimfile != NULL && tstat(dest_wimfile, &stbuf) == 0) {
2885                 wim_is_new = false;
2886                 /* Destination file exists. */
2887
2888                 if (!S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
2889                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a regular file"),
2890                                      dest_wimfile);
2891                         ret = -1;
2892                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2893                 }
2894                 ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(dest_wimfile,
2895                                                     open_flags |
2896                                                         WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS,
2897                                                     &dest_wim,
2898                                                     imagex_progress_func,
2899                                                     NULL);
2900                 if (ret)
2901                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2902
2903                 if (compression_type != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2904                         /* The user specified a compression type, but we're
2905                          * exporting to an existing WIM.  Make sure the
2906                          * specified compression type is the same as the
2907                          * compression type of the existing destination WIM. */
2908                         struct wimlib_wim_info dest_info;
2909
2910                         wimlib_get_wim_info(dest_wim, &dest_info);
2911                         if (compression_type != dest_info.compression_type) {
2912                                 imagex_error(T("Cannot specify a compression type that is "
2913                                                "not the same as that used in the "
2914                                                "destination WIM"));
2915                                 ret = -1;
2916                                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2917                         }
2918                 }
2919         } else {
2920                 wim_is_new = true;
2921
2922                 if (errno != ENOENT) {
2923                         imagex_error_with_errno(T("Cannot stat file \"%"TS"\""),
2924                                                 dest_wimfile);
2925                         ret = -1;
2926                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2927                 }
2928
2929                 /* dest_wimfile is not an existing file, so create a new WIM. */
2930
2931                 if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2932                         /* The user did not specify a compression type; default
2933                          * to that of the source WIM, unless --solid or
2934                          * --wimboot was specified.   */
2935
2936                         if (write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOLID)
2937                                 compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
2938                         else if (export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_WIMBOOT)
2939                                 compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
2940                         else
2941                                 compression_type = src_info.compression_type;
2942                 }
2943                 ret = wimlib_create_new_wim(compression_type, &dest_wim);
2944                 if (ret)
2945                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2946
2947                 wimlib_register_progress_function(dest_wim,
2948                                                   imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2949
2950                 if ((export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_WIMBOOT)
2951                     && compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS)
2952                 {
2953                         /* For --wimboot export, use small XPRESS chunks.  */
2954                         wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, 4096);
2955                 } else if (compression_type == src_info.compression_type &&
2956                            chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2957                 {
2958                         /* Use same chunk size if compression type is the same.  */
2959                         wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, src_info.chunk_size);
2960                 }
2961         }
2962
2963         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2964                 /* Set destination chunk size.  */
2965                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, chunk_size);
2966                 if (ret)
2967                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2968         }
2969         if (solid_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2970                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(dest_wim, solid_ctype);
2971                 if (ret)
2972                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2973         }
2974         if (solid_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2975                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(dest_wim, solid_chunk_size);
2976                 if (ret)
2977                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2978         }
2979
2980         image = wimlib_resolve_image(src_wim, src_image_num_or_name);
2981         ret = verify_image_exists(image, src_image_num_or_name, src_wimfile);
2982         if (ret)
2983                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2984
2985         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
2986                 ret = wim_reference_globs(src_wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
2987                 if (ret)
2988                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2989         }
2990
2991         if ((export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_BOOT) &&
2992             image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && src_info.boot_index == 0)
2993         {
2994                 imagex_error(T("--boot specified for all-images export, but source WIM "
2995                                "has no bootable image."));
2996                 ret = -1;
2997                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2998         }
2999
3000         ret = wimlib_export_image(src_wim, image, dest_wim, dest_name,
3001                                   dest_desc, export_flags);
3002         if (ret) {
3003                 if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
3004                         do_resource_not_found_warning(src_wimfile,
3005                                                       &src_info, &refglobs);
3006                 } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_METADATA_NOT_FOUND) {
3007                         do_metadata_not_found_warning(src_wimfile, &src_info);
3008                 }
3009                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
3010         }
3011
3012         if (!wim_is_new)
3013                 ret = wimlib_overwrite(dest_wim, write_flags, num_threads);
3014         else if (dest_wimfile)
3015                 ret = wimlib_write(dest_wim, dest_wimfile, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
3016                                    write_flags, num_threads);
3017         else
3018                 ret = wimlib_write_to_fd(dest_wim, dest_wim_fd,
3019                                          WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES, write_flags,
3020                                          num_threads);
3021 out_free_dest_wim:
3022         wimlib_free(dest_wim);
3023 out_free_src_wim:
3024         wimlib_free(src_wim);
3025 out_free_refglobs:
3026         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
3027         return ret;
3028
3029 out_usage:
3030         usage(CMD_EXPORT, stderr);
3031 out_err:
3032         ret = -1;
3033         goto out_free_refglobs;
3034 }
3035
3036 /* Extract files or directories from a WIM image */
3037 static int
3038 imagex_extract(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3039 {
3040         int c;
3041         int open_flags = 0;
3042         int image;
3043         WIMStruct *wim;
3044         int ret;
3045         const tchar *wimfile;
3046         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
3047         tchar *dest_dir = T(".");
3048         int extract_flags = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NORPFIX |
3049                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS |
3050                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB;
3051         int notlist_extract_flags = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE;
3052
3053         STRING_SET(refglobs);
3054
3055         tchar *root_path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
3056
3057         for_opt(c, extract_options) {
3058                 switch (c) {
3059                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3060                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3061                         break;
3062                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
3063                         /* No longer does anything.  */
3064                         break;
3065                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
3066                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
3067                         if (ret)
3068                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3069                         break;
3070                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
3071                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
3072                         break;
3073                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
3074                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
3075                         break;
3076                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
3077                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
3078                         break;
3079                 case IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION:
3080                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ATTRIBUTES;
3081                         break;
3082                 case IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION:
3083                         dest_dir = optarg;
3084                         break;
3085                 case IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION:
3086                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_TO_STDOUT;
3087                         imagex_info_file = stderr;
3088                         imagex_be_quiet = true;
3089                         set_fd_to_binary_mode(STDOUT_FILENO);
3090                         break;
3091                 case IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION:
3092                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_REPLACE_INVALID_FILENAMES;
3093                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_ALL_CASE_CONFLICTS;
3094                         break;
3095                 case IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION:
3096                         extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS;
3097                         break;
3098                 case IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION:
3099                         extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB;
3100                         break;
3101                 case IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION:
3102                         notlist_extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE;
3103                         break;
3104                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
3105                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
3106                         break;
3107                 case IMAGEX_COMPACT_OPTION:
3108                         ret = set_compact_mode(optarg, &extract_flags);
3109                         if (ret)
3110                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3111                         break;
3112                 default:
3113                         goto out_usage;
3114                 }
3115         }
3116         argc -= optind;
3117         argv += optind;
3118
3119         if (argc < 2)
3120                 goto out_usage;
3121
3122         if (!(extract_flags & (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS |
3123                                WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB)))
3124         {
3125                 imagex_error(T("Can't combine --no-globs and --nullglob!"));
3126                 goto out_err;
3127         }
3128
3129         wimfile = argv[0];
3130         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
3131
3132         argc -= 2;
3133         argv += 2;
3134
3135         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
3136                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3137         if (ret)
3138                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3139
3140         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
3141         ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(image,
3142                                                 image_num_or_name,
3143                                                 wimfile);
3144         if (ret)
3145                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3146
3147         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
3148                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
3149                 if (ret)
3150                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3151         }
3152
3153         if (argc == 0) {
3154                 argv = &root_path;
3155                 argc = 1;
3156                 extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS;
3157         }
3158
3159         while (argc != 0 && ret == 0) {
3160                 int num_paths;
3161
3162                 for (num_paths = 0;
3163                      num_paths < argc && argv[num_paths][0] != T('@');
3164                      num_paths++)
3165                         ;
3166
3167                 if (num_paths) {
3168                         ret = wimlib_extract_paths(wim, image, dest_dir,
3169                                                    (const tchar **)argv,
3170                                                    num_paths,
3171                                                    extract_flags | notlist_extract_flags);
3172                         argc -= num_paths;
3173                         argv += num_paths;
3174                 } else {
3175                         ret = wimlib_extract_pathlist(wim, image, dest_dir,
3176                                                       argv[0] + 1,
3177                                                       extract_flags);
3178                         argc--;
3179                         argv++;
3180                 }
3181         }
3182
3183         if (ret == 0) {
3184                 if (!imagex_be_quiet)
3185                         imagex_printf(T("Done extracting files.\n"));
3186         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_PATH_DOES_NOT_EXIST) {
3187                 if ((extract_flags & (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB |
3188                                       WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS))
3189                         == (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB |
3190                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS))
3191                 {
3192                         tfprintf(stderr,
3193                                  T("Note: You can use the '--nullglob' "
3194                                    "option to ignore missing files.\n"));
3195                 }
3196                 tfprintf(stderr, T("Note: You can use `%"TS"' to see what "
3197                                    "files and directories\n"
3198                                    "      are in the WIM image.\n"),
3199                                 get_cmd_string(CMD_DIR, false));
3200         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
3201                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3202
3203                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3204                 do_resource_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info, &refglobs);
3205         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_METADATA_NOT_FOUND) {
3206                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3207
3208                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3209                 do_metadata_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info);
3210         }
3211 out_wimlib_free:
3212         wimlib_free(wim);
3213 out_free_refglobs:
3214         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
3215         return ret;
3216
3217 out_usage:
3218         usage(CMD_EXTRACT, stderr);
3219 out_err:
3220         ret = -1;
3221         goto out_free_refglobs;
3222 }
3223
3224 /* Prints information about a WIM file; also can mark an image as bootable,
3225  * change the name of an image, or change the description of an image. */
3226 static int
3227 imagex_info(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3228 {
3229         int c;
3230         bool boot         = false;
3231         bool check        = false;
3232         bool nocheck      = false;
3233         bool header       = false;
3234         bool blobs        = false;
3235         bool xml          = false;
3236         bool short_header = true;
3237         const tchar *xml_out_file = NULL;
3238         const tchar *wimfile;
3239         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
3240         const tchar *new_name;
3241         const tchar *new_desc;
3242         WIMStruct *wim;
3243         int image;
3244         int ret;
3245         int open_flags = 0;
3246         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3247
3248         for_opt(c, info_options) {
3249                 switch (c) {
3250                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
3251                         boot = true;
3252                         break;
3253                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3254                         check = true;
3255                         break;
3256                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
3257                         nocheck = true;
3258                         break;
3259                 case IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION:
3260                         header = true;
3261                         short_header = false;
3262                         break;
3263                 case IMAGEX_BLOBS_OPTION:
3264                         blobs = true;
3265                         short_header = false;
3266                         break;
3267                 case IMAGEX_XML_OPTION:
3268                         xml = true;
3269                         short_header = false;
3270                         break;
3271                 case IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION:
3272                         xml_out_file = optarg;
3273                         short_header = false;
3274                         break;
3275                 case IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION:
3276                         imagex_error(T("The --metadata option has been removed. "
3277                                        "Use 'wimdir --detail' instead."));
3278                         goto out_err;
3279                 default:
3280                         goto out_usage;
3281                 }
3282         }
3283
3284         argc -= optind;
3285         argv += optind;
3286         if (argc < 1 || argc > 4)
3287                 goto out_usage;
3288
3289         wimfile           = argv[0];
3290         image_num_or_name = (argc >= 2) ? argv[1] : T("all");
3291         new_name          = (argc >= 3) ? argv[2] : NULL;
3292         new_desc          = (argc >= 4) ? argv[3] : NULL;
3293
3294         if (check && nocheck) {
3295                 imagex_error(T("Can't specify both --check and --nocheck"));
3296                 goto out_err;
3297         }
3298
3299         if (check)
3300                 open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3301
3302         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
3303                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3304         if (ret)
3305                 goto out;
3306
3307         wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3308
3309         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
3310         ret = WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
3311         if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE && tstrcmp(image_num_or_name, T("0"))) {
3312                 verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
3313                 if (boot) {
3314                         imagex_error(T("If you would like to set the boot "
3315                                        "index to 0, specify image \"0\" with "
3316                                        "the --boot flag."));
3317                 }
3318                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3319         }
3320
3321         if (boot && info.image_count == 0) {
3322                 imagex_error(T("--boot is meaningless on a WIM with no images"));
3323                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3324         }
3325
3326         if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && info.image_count > 1) {
3327                 if (boot) {
3328                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify the --boot flag "
3329                                        "without specifying a specific "
3330                                        "image in a multi-image WIM"));
3331                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3332                 }
3333                 if (new_name) {
3334                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify the NEW_NAME "
3335                                        "without specifying a specific "
3336                                        "image in a multi-image WIM"));
3337                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3338                 }
3339         }
3340
3341         /* Operations that print information are separated from operations that
3342          * recreate the WIM file. */
3343         if (!new_name && !boot) {
3344
3345                 /* Read-only operations */
3346
3347                 if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE) {
3348                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a valid image in \"%"TS"\""),
3349                                      image_num_or_name, wimfile);
3350                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3351                 }
3352
3353                 if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && short_header)
3354                         print_wim_information(wimfile, &info);
3355
3356                 if (header)
3357                         wimlib_print_header(wim);
3358
3359                 if (blobs) {
3360                         if (info.total_parts != 1) {
3361                                 tfprintf(stderr, T("Warning: Only showing the blobs "
3362                                                    "for part %d of a %d-part WIM.\n"),
3363                                          info.part_number, info.total_parts);
3364                         }
3365                         print_blobs(wim);
3366                 }
3367
3368                 if (xml) {
3369                         ret = wimlib_extract_xml_data(wim, stdout);
3370                         if (ret)
3371                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3372                 }
3373
3374                 if (xml_out_file) {
3375                         FILE *fp;
3376
3377                         fp = tfopen(xml_out_file, T("wb"));
3378                         if (!fp) {
3379                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to open the "
3380                                                           "file \"%"TS"\" for "
3381                                                           "writing"),
3382                                                         xml_out_file);
3383                                 ret = -1;
3384                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3385                         }
3386                         ret = wimlib_extract_xml_data(wim, fp);
3387                         if (fclose(fp)) {
3388                                 imagex_error(T("Failed to close the file "
3389                                                "\"%"TS"\""),
3390                                              xml_out_file);
3391                                 ret = -1;
3392                         }
3393                         if (ret)
3394                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3395                 }
3396
3397                 if (short_header)
3398                         wimlib_print_available_images(wim, image);
3399
3400                 ret = 0;
3401         } else {
3402
3403                 /* Modification operations */
3404
3405                 if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES)
3406                         image = 1;
3407
3408                 if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE && new_name) {
3409                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify new_name (\"%"TS"\") "
3410                                        "when using image 0"), new_name);
3411                         ret = -1;
3412                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3413                 }
3414
3415                 if (boot) {
3416                         if (image == info.boot_index) {
3417                                 imagex_printf(T("Image %d is already marked as "
3418                                           "bootable.\n"), image);
3419                                 boot = false;
3420                         } else {
3421                                 imagex_printf(T("Marking image %d as bootable.\n"),
3422                                         image);
3423                                 info.boot_index = image;
3424                                 ret = wimlib_set_wim_info(wim, &info,
3425                                                           WIMLIB_CHANGE_BOOT_INDEX);
3426                                 if (ret)
3427                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3428                         }
3429                 }
3430                 if (new_name) {
3431                         if (!tstrcmp(wimlib_get_image_name(wim, image), new_name))
3432                         {
3433                                 imagex_printf(T("Image %d is already named \"%"TS"\".\n"),
3434                                         image, new_name);
3435                                 new_name = NULL;
3436                         } else {
3437                                 imagex_printf(T("Changing the name of image %d to "
3438                                           "\"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_name);
3439                                 ret = wimlib_set_image_name(wim, image, new_name);
3440                                 if (ret)
3441                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3442                         }
3443                 }
3444                 if (new_desc) {
3445                         const tchar *old_desc;
3446                         old_desc = wimlib_get_image_description(wim, image);
3447                         if (old_desc && !tstrcmp(old_desc, new_desc)) {
3448                                 imagex_printf(T("The description of image %d is already "
3449                                           "\"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_desc);
3450                                 new_desc = NULL;
3451                         } else {
3452                                 imagex_printf(T("Changing the description of image %d "
3453                                           "to \"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_desc);
3454                                 ret = wimlib_set_image_descripton(wim, image,
3455                                                                   new_desc);
3456                                 if (ret)
3457                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3458                         }
3459                 }
3460
3461                 /* Only call wimlib_overwrite() if something actually needs to
3462                  * be changed.  */
3463                 if (boot || new_name || new_desc ||
3464                     (check && !info.has_integrity_table) ||
3465                     (nocheck && info.has_integrity_table))
3466                 {
3467                         int write_flags = 0;
3468
3469                         if (check)
3470                                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3471                         if (nocheck)
3472                                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3473                         ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, 1);
3474                 } else {
3475                         imagex_printf(T("The file \"%"TS"\" was not modified "
3476                                         "because nothing needed to be done.\n"),
3477                                       wimfile);
3478                         ret = 0;
3479                 }
3480         }
3481 out_wimlib_free:
3482         wimlib_free(wim);
3483 out:
3484         return ret;
3485
3486 out_usage:
3487         usage(CMD_INFO, stderr);
3488 out_err:
3489         ret = -1;
3490         goto out;
3491 }
3492
3493 /* Join split WIMs into one part WIM */
3494 static int
3495 imagex_join(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3496 {
3497         int c;
3498         int swm_open_flags = 0;
3499         int wim_write_flags = 0;
3500         const tchar *output_path;
3501         int ret;
3502
3503         for_opt(c, join_options) {
3504                 switch (c) {
3505                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3506                         swm_open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3507                         wim_write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3508                         break;
3509                 default:
3510                         goto out_usage;
3511                 }
3512         }
3513         argc -= optind;
3514         argv += optind;
3515
3516         if (argc < 2) {
3517                 imagex_error(T("Must specify one or more split WIM (.swm) "
3518                                "parts to join"));
3519                 goto out_usage;
3520         }
3521         output_path = argv[0];
3522         ret = wimlib_join_with_progress((const tchar * const *)++argv,
3523                                         --argc,
3524                                         output_path,
3525                                         swm_open_flags,
3526                                         wim_write_flags,
3527                                         imagex_progress_func,
3528                                         NULL);
3529 out:
3530         return ret;
3531
3532 out_usage:
3533         usage(CMD_JOIN, stderr);
3534         ret = -1;
3535         goto out;
3536 }
3537
3538 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
3539
3540 /* Mounts a WIM image.  */
3541 static int
3542 imagex_mount_rw_or_ro(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3543 {
3544         int c;
3545         int mount_flags = 0;
3546         int open_flags = 0;
3547         const tchar *staging_dir = NULL;
3548         const tchar *wimfile;
3549         const tchar *dir;
3550         WIMStruct *wim;
3551         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3552         int image;
3553         int ret;
3554
3555         STRING_SET(refglobs);
3556
3557         if (cmd == CMD_MOUNTRW) {
3558                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_READWRITE;
3559                 open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
3560         }
3561
3562         for_opt(c, mount_options) {
3563                 switch (c) {
3564                 case IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION:
3565                         mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_ALLOW_OTHER;
3566                         break;
3567                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3568                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3569                         break;
3570                 case IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION:
3571                         mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_DEBUG;
3572                         break;
3573                 case IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION:
3574                         if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("none")))
3575                                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_STREAM_INTERFACE_NONE;
3576                         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("xattr")))
3577                                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_STREAM_INTERFACE_XATTR;
3578                         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("windows")))
3579                                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_STREAM_INTERFACE_WINDOWS;
3580                         else {
3581                                 imagex_error(T("Unknown stream interface \"%"TS"\""),
3582                                              optarg);
3583                                 goto out_usage;
3584                         }
3585                         break;
3586                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
3587                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
3588                         if (ret)
3589                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3590                         break;
3591                 case IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION:
3592                         staging_dir = optarg;
3593                         break;
3594                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
3595                         mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
3596                         break;
3597                 default:
3598                         goto out_usage;
3599                 }
3600         }
3601         argc -= optind;
3602         argv += optind;
3603         if (argc != 2 && argc != 3)
3604                 goto out_usage;
3605
3606         wimfile = argv[0];
3607
3608         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
3609                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3610         if (ret)
3611                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3612
3613         wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3614
3615         if (argc >= 3) {
3616                 /* Image explicitly specified.  */
3617                 image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, argv[1]);
3618                 dir = argv[2];
3619                 ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(image, argv[1], wimfile);
3620                 if (ret)
3621                         goto out_free_wim;
3622         } else {
3623                 /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
3624                  * contains exactly one image.  */
3625
3626                 if (info.image_count != 1) {
3627                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; Please "
3628                                        "select one."), wimfile, info.image_count);
3629                         wimlib_free(wim);
3630                         goto out_usage;
3631                 }
3632                 image = 1;
3633                 dir = argv[1];
3634         }
3635
3636         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
3637                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
3638                 if (ret)
3639                         goto out_free_wim;
3640         }
3641
3642         ret = wimlib_mount_image(wim, image, dir, mount_flags, staging_dir);
3643         if (ret) {
3644                 if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_METADATA_NOT_FOUND) {
3645                         do_metadata_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info);
3646                 } else {
3647                         imagex_error(T("Failed to mount image %d from \"%"TS"\" "
3648                                        "on \"%"TS"\""),
3649                                      image, wimfile, dir);
3650                 }
3651         }
3652 out_free_wim:
3653         wimlib_free(wim);
3654 out_free_refglobs:
3655         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
3656         return ret;
3657
3658 out_usage:
3659         usage(cmd, stderr);
3660         ret = -1;
3661         goto out_free_refglobs;
3662 }
3663 #endif /* WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED */
3664
3665 /* Rebuild a WIM file */
3666 static int
3667 imagex_optimize(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3668 {
3669         int c;
3670         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
3671         int write_flags = WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
3672         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
3673         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
3674         uint32_t solid_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
3675         int solid_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
3676         int ret;
3677         WIMStruct *wim;
3678         const tchar *wimfile;
3679         off_t old_size;
3680         off_t new_size;
3681         unsigned num_threads = 0;
3682
3683         for_opt(c, optimize_options) {
3684                 switch (c) {
3685                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3686                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3687                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3688                         break;
3689                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
3690                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3691                         break;
3692                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
3693                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
3694                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
3695                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
3696                                 goto out_err;
3697                         break;
3698                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
3699                         set_compress_slow();
3700                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
3701                         break;
3702                 case IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION:
3703                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;