82354feb7d47f3c24bb86e1a991dcb74eeed1c55
[wimlib] / programs / imagex.c
1 /*
2  * imagex.c
3  *
4  * Use wimlib to create, modify, extract, mount, unmount, or display information
5  * about a WIM file
6  */
7
8 /*
9  * Copyright (C) 2012, 2013, 2014 Eric Biggers
10  *
11  * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
12  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
13  * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
14  * (at your option) any later version.
15  *
16  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
17  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
18  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
19  * GNU General Public License for more details.
20  *
21  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
22  * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
23  */
24
25 #ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
26 #  include "config.h" /* Need for PACKAGE_VERSION, etc. */
27 #endif
28
29 #include "wimlib.h"
30 #include "wimlib_tchar.h"
31
32 #include <ctype.h>
33 #include <errno.h>
34
35 #include <inttypes.h>
36 #include <libgen.h>
37 #include <limits.h>
38 #include <stdarg.h>
39 #include <stdlib.h>
40 #include <string.h>
41 #include <sys/stat.h>
42 #include <unistd.h>
43 #include <locale.h>
44
45 #ifdef HAVE_ALLOCA_H
46 #  include <alloca.h>
47 #endif
48
49 #define WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID (-1)
50
51 #ifdef __WIN32__
52 #  include "imagex-win32.h"
53 #  define print_security_descriptor     win32_print_security_descriptor
54 #else /* __WIN32__ */
55 #  include <getopt.h>
56 #  include <langinfo.h>
57 #  define print_security_descriptor     default_print_security_descriptor
58 static inline void set_fd_to_binary_mode(int fd)
59 {
60 }
61 #endif /* !__WIN32 */
62
63 /* Don't confuse the user by presenting the mounting commands on Windows when
64  * they will never work.  However on UNIX-like systems we always present them,
65  * even if WITH_FUSE is not defined at this point, as to not tie the build of
66  * wimlib-imagex to a specific build of wimlib.  */
67 #ifdef __WIN32__
68 #  define WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED 0
69 #else
70 #  define WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED 1
71 #endif
72
73 #define ARRAY_LEN(array) (sizeof(array) / sizeof(array[0]))
74
75 static inline bool
76 is_any_path_separator(tchar c)
77 {
78         return c == T('/') || c == T('\\');
79 }
80
81 /* Like basename(), but handles both forward and backwards slashes.  */
82 static tchar *
83 tbasename(tchar *path)
84 {
85         tchar *p = tstrchr(path, T('\0'));
86
87         for (;;) {
88                 if (p == path)
89                         return path;
90                 if (!is_any_path_separator(*--p))
91                         break;
92                 *p = T('\0');
93         }
94
95         for (;;) {
96                 if (p == path)
97                         return path;
98                 if (is_any_path_separator(*--p))
99                         return ++p;
100         }
101 }
102
103 #define for_opt(c, opts) while ((c = getopt_long_only(argc, (tchar**)argv, T(""), \
104                                 opts, NULL)) != -1)
105
106 enum {
107         CMD_NONE = -1,
108         CMD_APPEND = 0,
109         CMD_APPLY,
110         CMD_CAPTURE,
111         CMD_DELETE,
112         CMD_DIR,
113         CMD_EXPORT,
114         CMD_EXTRACT,
115         CMD_INFO,
116         CMD_JOIN,
117 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
118         CMD_MOUNT,
119         CMD_MOUNTRW,
120 #endif
121         CMD_OPTIMIZE,
122         CMD_SPLIT,
123 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
124         CMD_UNMOUNT,
125 #endif
126         CMD_UPDATE,
127         CMD_VERIFY,
128         CMD_MAX,
129 };
130
131 static void usage(int cmd, FILE *fp);
132 static void usage_all(FILE *fp);
133 static void recommend_man_page(int cmd, FILE *fp);
134 static const tchar *get_cmd_string(int cmd, bool nospace);
135
136 static bool imagex_be_quiet = false;
137 static FILE *imagex_info_file;
138
139 #define imagex_printf(format, ...) \
140                 tfprintf(imagex_info_file, format, ##__VA_ARGS__)
141
142 enum {
143         IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION,
144         IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION,
145         IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION,
146         IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION,
147         IMAGEX_COMMAND_OPTION,
148         IMAGEX_COMMIT_OPTION,
149         IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION,
150         IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION,
151         IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION,
152         IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION,
153         IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION,
154         IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION,
155         IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION,
156         IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION,
157         IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION,
158         IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION,
159         IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION,
160         IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION,
161         IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION,
162         IMAGEX_LAZY_OPTION,
163         IMAGEX_LOOKUP_TABLE_OPTION,
164         IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION,
165         IMAGEX_NEW_IMAGE_OPTION,
166         IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION,
167         IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION,
168         IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION,
169         IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION,
170         IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION,
171         IMAGEX_NO_REPLACE_OPTION,
172         IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION,
173         IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION,
174         IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION,
175         IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION,
176         IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION,
177         IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION,
178         IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION,
179         IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION,
180         IMAGEX_RECURSIVE_OPTION,
181         IMAGEX_REF_OPTION,
182         IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION,
183         IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION,
184         IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION,
185         IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION,
186         IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION,
187         IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION,
188         IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION,
189         IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION,
190         IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION,
191         IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION,
192         IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION,
193         IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION,
194         IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION,
195         IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION,
196         IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION,
197         IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION,
198         IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_CONFIG_OPTION,
199         IMAGEX_XML_OPTION,
200 };
201
202 static const struct option apply_options[] = {
203         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
204         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
205         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
206         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
207         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
208         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
209         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
210         {T("no-attributes"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION},
211         {T("rpfix"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION},
212         {T("norpfix"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION},
213         {T("include-invalid-names"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION},
214
215         /* --resume is undocumented for now as it needs improvement.  */
216         {T("resume"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION},
217         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
218         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
219 };
220
221 static const struct option capture_or_append_options[] = {
222         {T("boot"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
223         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
224         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
225         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
226         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
227         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
228         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
229         {T("solid"),       no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
230         {T("pack-streams"), no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
231         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
232         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
233         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
234         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
235         {T("config"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION},
236         {T("dereference"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
237         {T("flags"),       required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION},
238         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
239         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
240         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
241         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
242         {T("source-list"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION},
243         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
244         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
245         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
246         {T("rpfix"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION},
247         {T("norpfix"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION},
248         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
249         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
250         {T("update-of"),   required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION},
251         {T("delta-from"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION},
252         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
253         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
254 };
255
256 static const struct option delete_options[] = {
257         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
258         {T("soft"),  no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION},
259         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
260 };
261
262 static const struct option dir_options[] = {
263         {T("path"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION},
264         {T("detailed"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION},
265         {T("one-file-only"), no_argument,  NULL, IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION},
266         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
267 };
268
269 static const struct option export_options[] = {
270         {T("boot"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
271         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
272         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
273         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
274         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
275         {T("recompress"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION},
276         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
277         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
278         {T("solid"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
279         {T("pack-streams"),no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
280         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
281         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
282         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
283         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
284         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
285         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
286         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
287         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
288         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
289         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
290         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
291 };
292
293 static const struct option extract_options[] = {
294         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
295         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
296         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
297         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
298         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
299         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
300         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
301         {T("no-attributes"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION},
302         {T("dest-dir"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION},
303         {T("to-stdout"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION},
304         {T("include-invalid-names"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION},
305         {T("no-wildcards"), no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION},
306         {T("no-globs"),     no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION},
307         {T("nullglob"),     no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION},
308         {T("preserve-dir-structure"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION},
309         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
310         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
311 };
312
313 static const struct option info_options[] = {
314         {T("boot"),         no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
315         {T("check"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
316         {T("nocheck"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
317         {T("no-check"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
318         {T("extract-xml"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION},
319         {T("header"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION},
320         {T("lookup-table"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_LOOKUP_TABLE_OPTION},
321         {T("metadata"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION},
322         {T("xml"),          no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_XML_OPTION},
323         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
324 };
325
326 static const struct option join_options[] = {
327         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
328         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
329 };
330
331 static const struct option mount_options[] = {
332         {T("check"),             no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
333         {T("debug"),             no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION},
334         {T("streams-interface"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION},
335         {T("ref"),               required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
336         {T("staging-dir"),       required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION},
337         {T("unix-data"),         no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
338         {T("allow-other"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION},
339         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
340 };
341
342 static const struct option optimize_options[] = {
343         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
344         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
345         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
346         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
347         {T("recompress"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION},
348         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
349         {T("recompress-slow"), no_argument,   NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
350         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
351         {T("solid"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
352         {T("pack-streams"),no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION},
353         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
354         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION},
355         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
356         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
357         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
358         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
359         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
360         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
361 };
362
363 static const struct option split_options[] = {
364         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
365         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
366 };
367
368 static const struct option unmount_options[] = {
369         {T("commit"),  no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMMIT_OPTION},
370         {T("check"),   no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
371         {T("rebuild"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
372         {T("lazy"),    no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_LAZY_OPTION},
373         {T("force"),    no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION},
374         {T("new-image"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_NEW_IMAGE_OPTION},
375         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
376 };
377
378 static const struct option update_options[] = {
379         /* Careful: some of the options here set the defaults for update
380          * commands, but the flags given to an actual update command (and not to
381          * `imagex update' itself are also handled in
382          * update_command_add_option().  */
383         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
384         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
385         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
386         {T("command"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMMAND_OPTION},
387         {T("wimboot-config"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_CONFIG_OPTION},
388
389         /* Default delete options */
390         {T("force"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION},
391         {T("recursive"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECURSIVE_OPTION},
392
393         /* Global add option */
394         {T("config"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION},
395
396         /* Default add options */
397         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
398         {T("dereference"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
399         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
400         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
401         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
402         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
403         {T("no-replace"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_REPLACE_OPTION},
404
405         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
406 };
407
408 static const struct option verify_options[] = {
409         {T("ref"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
410
411         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
412 };
413
414 #if 0
415 #       define _format_attribute(type, format_str, args_start) \
416                         __attribute__((format(type, format_str, args_start)))
417 #else
418 #       define _format_attribute(type, format_str, args_start)
419 #endif
420
421 /* Print formatted error message to stderr. */
422 static void _format_attribute(printf, 1, 2)
423 imagex_error(const tchar *format, ...)
424 {
425         va_list va;
426         va_start(va, format);
427         tfputs(T("ERROR: "), stderr);
428         tvfprintf(stderr, format, va);
429         tputc(T('\n'), stderr);
430         va_end(va);
431 }
432
433 /* Print formatted error message to stderr. */
434 static void _format_attribute(printf, 1, 2)
435 imagex_error_with_errno(const tchar *format, ...)
436 {
437         int errno_save = errno;
438         va_list va;
439         va_start(va, format);
440         tfputs(T("ERROR: "), stderr);
441         tvfprintf(stderr, format, va);
442         tfprintf(stderr, T(": %"TS"\n"), tstrerror(errno_save));
443         va_end(va);
444 }
445
446 static int
447 verify_image_exists(int image, const tchar *image_name, const tchar *wim_name)
448 {
449         if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE) {
450                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a valid image in \"%"TS"\"!\n"
451                              "       Please specify a 1-based image index or "
452                              "image name.  To list the images\n"
453                              "       contained in the WIM archive, run\n"
454                              "\n"
455                              "           %"TS" \"%"TS"\"\n"),
456                              image_name, wim_name,
457                              get_cmd_string(CMD_INFO, false), wim_name);
458                 return WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
459         }
460         return 0;
461 }
462
463 static int
464 verify_image_is_single(int image)
465 {
466         if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES) {
467                 imagex_error(T("Cannot specify all images for this action!"));
468                 return WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
469         }
470         return 0;
471 }
472
473 static int
474 verify_image_exists_and_is_single(int image, const tchar *image_name,
475                                   const tchar *wim_name)
476 {
477         int ret;
478         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_name, wim_name);
479         if (ret == 0)
480                 ret = verify_image_is_single(image);
481         return ret;
482 }
483
484 static void
485 print_available_compression_types(FILE *fp)
486 {
487         static const tchar *s =
488         T(
489         "Available compression types:\n"
490         "\n"
491         "    none\n"
492         "    xpress (alias: \"fast\")\n"
493         "    lzx    (alias: \"maximum\") (default for capture)\n"
494         "    lzms   (alias: \"recovery\")\n"
495         "\n"
496         );
497         tfputs(s, fp);
498 }
499
500 /* Parse the argument to --compress */
501 static int
502 get_compression_type(tchar *optarg)
503 {
504         int ctype;
505         unsigned int compression_level = 0;
506         tchar *plevel;
507
508         plevel = tstrchr(optarg, T(':'));
509         if (plevel) {
510                 tchar *ptmp;
511                 unsigned long ultmp;
512
513                 *plevel++ = T('\0');
514                 ultmp = tstrtoul(plevel, &ptmp, 10);
515                 if (ultmp >= UINT_MAX || ultmp == 0 || *ptmp || ptmp == plevel) {
516                         imagex_error(T("Compression level must be a positive integer! "
517                                        "e.g. --compress=lzx:80"));
518                         return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
519                 }
520                 compression_level = ultmp;
521         }
522
523         if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("maximum")) ||
524             !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("lzx")) ||
525             !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("max")))
526                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX;
527         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("fast")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("xpress")))
528                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
529         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("recovery")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("lzms")))
530                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
531         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("none")))
532                 ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_NONE;
533         else {
534                 imagex_error(T("Invalid compression type \"%"TS"\"!"), optarg);
535                 print_available_compression_types(stderr);
536                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
537         }
538
539         if (compression_level != 0)
540                 wimlib_set_default_compression_level(ctype, compression_level);
541         return ctype;
542 }
543
544 static void
545 set_compress_slow(void)
546 {
547 #if 0
548         fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: the '--compress-slow' option is deprecated.\n"
549                         "         Use the '--compress=TYPE:LEVEL' option instead.\n");
550 #endif
551         wimlib_set_default_compression_level(-1, 100);
552 }
553
554 struct string_set {
555         const tchar **strings;
556         unsigned num_strings;
557         unsigned num_alloc_strings;
558 };
559
560 #define STRING_SET_INITIALIZER \
561         { .strings = NULL, .num_strings = 0, .num_alloc_strings = 0, }
562
563 #define STRING_SET(_strings) \
564         struct string_set _strings = STRING_SET_INITIALIZER
565
566 static int
567 string_set_append(struct string_set *set, const tchar *glob)
568 {
569         unsigned num_alloc_strings = set->num_alloc_strings;
570
571         if (set->num_strings == num_alloc_strings) {
572                 const tchar **new_strings;
573
574                 num_alloc_strings += 4;
575                 new_strings = realloc(set->strings,
576                                       sizeof(set->strings[0]) * num_alloc_strings);
577                 if (!new_strings) {
578                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
579                         return -1;
580                 }
581                 set->strings = new_strings;
582                 set->num_alloc_strings = num_alloc_strings;
583         }
584         set->strings[set->num_strings++] = glob;
585         return 0;
586 }
587
588 static void
589 string_set_destroy(struct string_set *set)
590 {
591         free(set->strings);
592 }
593
594 static int
595 wim_reference_globs(WIMStruct *wim, struct string_set *set, int open_flags)
596 {
597         return wimlib_reference_resource_files(wim, set->strings,
598                                                set->num_strings,
599                                                WIMLIB_REF_FLAG_GLOB_ENABLE,
600                                                open_flags);
601 }
602
603 static void
604 do_resource_not_found_warning(const tchar *wimfile,
605                               const struct wimlib_wim_info *info,
606                               const struct string_set *refglobs)
607 {
608         if (info->total_parts > 1) {
609                 if (refglobs->num_strings == 0) {
610                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is part of a split WIM. "
611                                        "Use --ref to specify the other parts."),
612                                      wimfile);
613                 } else {
614                         imagex_error(T("Perhaps the '--ref' argument did not "
615                                        "specify all other parts of the split "
616                                        "WIM?"));
617                 }
618         } else {
619                 imagex_error(T("If this is a delta WIM, use the --ref argument "
620                                "to specify the WIM(s) on which it is based."));
621         }
622 }
623
624 /* Returns the size of a file given its name, or -1 if the file does not exist
625  * or its size cannot be determined.  */
626 static off_t
627 file_get_size(const tchar *filename)
628 {
629         struct stat st;
630         if (tstat(filename, &st) == 0)
631                 return st.st_size;
632         else
633                 return (off_t)-1;
634 }
635
636 enum {
637         PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS = 0,
638         PARSE_STRING_FAILURE = 1,
639         PARSE_STRING_NONE = 2,
640 };
641
642 /*
643  * Parses a string token from an array of characters.
644  *
645  * Tokens are either whitespace-delimited, or double or single-quoted.
646  *
647  * @line_p:  Pointer to the pointer to the line of data.  Will be updated
648  *           to point past the string token iff the return value is
649  *           PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS.  If *len_p > 0, (*line_p)[*len_p - 1] must
650  *           be '\0'.
651  *
652  * @len_p:   @len_p initially stores the length of the line of data, which may
653  *           be 0, and it will be updated to the number of bytes remaining in
654  *           the line iff the return value is PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS.
655  *
656  * @fn_ret:  Iff the return value is PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS, a pointer to the
657  *           parsed string token will be returned here.
658  *
659  * Returns: PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS if a string token was successfully parsed; or
660  *          PARSE_STRING_FAILURE if the data was invalid due to a missing
661  *          closing quote; or PARSE_STRING_NONE if the line ended before the
662  *          beginning of a string token was found.
663  */
664 static int
665 parse_string(tchar **line_p, size_t *len_p, tchar **fn_ret)
666 {
667         size_t len = *len_p;
668         tchar *line = *line_p;
669         tchar *fn;
670         tchar quote_char;
671
672         /* Skip leading whitespace */
673         for (;;) {
674                 if (len == 0)
675                         return PARSE_STRING_NONE;
676                 if (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'))
677                         break;
678                 line++;
679                 len--;
680         }
681         quote_char = *line;
682         if (quote_char == T('"') || quote_char == T('\'')) {
683                 /* Quoted string */
684                 line++;
685                 len--;
686                 fn = line;
687                 line = tmemchr(line, quote_char, len);
688                 if (!line) {
689                         imagex_error(T("Missing closing quote: %"TS), fn - 1);
690                         return PARSE_STRING_FAILURE;
691                 }
692         } else {
693                 /* Unquoted string.  Go until whitespace.  Line is terminated
694                  * by '\0', so no need to check 'len'. */
695                 fn = line;
696                 do {
697                         line++;
698                 } while (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'));
699         }
700         *line = T('\0');
701         len -= line - fn;
702         *len_p = len;
703         *line_p = line;
704         *fn_ret = fn;
705         return PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS;
706 }
707
708 /* Parses a line of data (not an empty line or comment) in the source list file
709  * format.  (See the man page for 'wimlib-imagex capture' for details on this
710  * format and the meaning.)
711  *
712  * @line:  Line of data to be parsed.  line[len - 1] must be '\0', unless
713  *         len == 0.  The data in @line will be modified by this function call.
714  *
715  * @len:   Length of the line of data.
716  *
717  * @source:  On success, the capture source and target described by the line is
718  *           written into this destination.  Note that it will contain pointers
719  *           to data in the @line array.
720  *
721  * Returns true if the line was valid; false otherwise.  */
722 static bool
723 parse_source_list_line(tchar *line, size_t len,
724                        struct wimlib_capture_source *source)
725 {
726         /* SOURCE [DEST] */
727         int ret;
728         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &source->fs_source_path);
729         if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS)
730                 return false;
731         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &source->wim_target_path);
732         if (ret == PARSE_STRING_NONE)
733                 source->wim_target_path = source->fs_source_path;
734         return ret != PARSE_STRING_FAILURE;
735 }
736
737 /* Returns %true if the given line of length @len > 0 is a comment or empty line
738  * in the source list file format. */
739 static bool
740 is_comment_line(const tchar *line, size_t len)
741 {
742         for (;;) {
743                 if (*line == T('#') || *line == T(';'))
744                         return true;
745                 if (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'))
746                         return false;
747                 ++line;
748                 --len;
749                 if (len == 0)
750                         return true;
751         }
752 }
753
754 static ssize_t
755 text_file_count_lines(tchar **contents_p, size_t *nchars_p)
756 {
757         ssize_t nlines = 0;
758         tchar *contents = *contents_p;
759         size_t nchars = *nchars_p;
760         size_t i;
761
762         for (i = 0; i < nchars; i++)
763                 if (contents[i] == T('\n'))
764                         nlines++;
765
766         /* Handle last line not terminated by a newline */
767         if (nchars != 0 && contents[nchars - 1] != T('\n')) {
768                 contents = realloc(contents, (nchars + 1) * sizeof(tchar));
769                 if (!contents) {
770                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
771                         return -1;
772                 }
773                 contents[nchars] = T('\n');
774                 *contents_p = contents;
775                 nchars++;
776                 nlines++;
777         }
778         *nchars_p = nchars;
779         return nlines;
780 }
781
782 /* Parses a file in the source list format.  (See the man page for
783  * 'wimlib-imagex capture' for details on this format and the meaning.)
784  *
785  * @source_list_contents:  Contents of the source list file.  Note that this
786  *                         buffer will be modified to save memory allocations,
787  *                         and cannot be freed until the returned array of
788  *                         wimlib_capture_source's has also been freed.
789  *
790  * @source_list_nbytes:    Number of bytes of data in the @source_list_contents
791  *                         buffer.
792  *
793  * @nsources_ret:          On success, the length of the returned array is
794  *                         returned here.
795  *
796  * Returns:   An array of `struct wimlib_capture_source's that can be passed to
797  * the wimlib_add_image_multisource() function to specify how a WIM image is to
798  * be created.  */
799 static struct wimlib_capture_source *
800 parse_source_list(tchar **source_list_contents_p, size_t source_list_nchars,
801                   size_t *nsources_ret)
802 {
803         ssize_t nlines;
804         tchar *p;
805         struct wimlib_capture_source *sources;
806         size_t i, j;
807
808         nlines = text_file_count_lines(source_list_contents_p,
809                                        &source_list_nchars);
810         if (nlines < 0)
811                 return NULL;
812
813         /* Always allocate at least 1 slot, just in case the implementation of
814          * calloc() returns NULL if 0 bytes are requested. */
815         sources = calloc(nlines ?: 1, sizeof(*sources));
816         if (!sources) {
817                 imagex_error(T("out of memory"));
818                 return NULL;
819         }
820         p = *source_list_contents_p;
821         j = 0;
822         for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++) {
823                 /* XXX: Could use rawmemchr() here instead, but it may not be
824                  * available on all platforms. */
825                 tchar *endp = tmemchr(p, T('\n'), source_list_nchars);
826                 size_t len = endp - p + 1;
827                 *endp = T('\0');
828                 if (!is_comment_line(p, len)) {
829                         if (!parse_source_list_line(p, len, &sources[j++])) {
830                                 free(sources);
831                                 return NULL;
832                         }
833                 }
834                 p = endp + 1;
835
836         }
837         *nsources_ret = j;
838         return sources;
839 }
840
841 /* Reads the contents of a file into memory. */
842 static char *
843 file_get_contents(const tchar *filename, size_t *len_ret)
844 {
845         struct stat stbuf;
846         void *buf = NULL;
847         size_t len;
848         FILE *fp;
849
850         if (tstat(filename, &stbuf) != 0) {
851                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat the file \"%"TS"\""), filename);
852                 goto out;
853         }
854         len = stbuf.st_size;
855
856         fp = tfopen(filename, T("rb"));
857         if (!fp) {
858                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to open the file \"%"TS"\""), filename);
859                 goto out;
860         }
861
862         buf = malloc(len ? len : 1);
863         if (!buf) {
864                 imagex_error(T("Failed to allocate buffer of %zu bytes to hold "
865                                "contents of file \"%"TS"\""), len, filename);
866                 goto out_fclose;
867         }
868         if (fread(buf, 1, len, fp) != len) {
869                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to read %zu bytes from the "
870                                           "file \"%"TS"\""), len, filename);
871                 goto out_free_buf;
872         }
873         *len_ret = len;
874         goto out_fclose;
875 out_free_buf:
876         free(buf);
877         buf = NULL;
878 out_fclose:
879         fclose(fp);
880 out:
881         return buf;
882 }
883
884 /* Read standard input until EOF and return the full contents in a malloc()ed
885  * buffer and the number of bytes of data in @len_ret.  Returns NULL on read
886  * error. */
887 static char *
888 stdin_get_contents(size_t *len_ret)
889 {
890         /* stdin can, of course, be a pipe or other non-seekable file, so the
891          * total length of the data cannot be pre-determined */
892         char *buf = NULL;
893         size_t newlen = 1024;
894         size_t pos = 0;
895         size_t inc = 1024;
896         for (;;) {
897                 char *p = realloc(buf, newlen);
898                 size_t bytes_read, bytes_to_read;
899                 if (!p) {
900                         imagex_error(T("out of memory while reading stdin"));
901                         break;
902                 }
903                 buf = p;
904                 bytes_to_read = newlen - pos;
905                 bytes_read = fread(&buf[pos], 1, bytes_to_read, stdin);
906                 pos += bytes_read;
907                 if (bytes_read != bytes_to_read) {
908                         if (feof(stdin)) {
909                                 *len_ret = pos;
910                                 return buf;
911                         } else {
912                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("error reading stdin"));
913                                 break;
914                         }
915                 }
916                 newlen += inc;
917                 inc *= 3;
918                 inc /= 2;
919         }
920         free(buf);
921         return NULL;
922 }
923
924
925 static tchar *
926 translate_text_to_tstr(char *text, size_t num_bytes, size_t *num_tchars_ret)
927 {
928 #ifndef __WIN32__
929         /* On non-Windows, assume an ASCII-compatible encoding, such as UTF-8.
930          * */
931         *num_tchars_ret = num_bytes;
932         return text;
933 #else /* !__WIN32__ */
934         /* On Windows, translate the text to UTF-16LE */
935         wchar_t *text_wstr;
936         size_t num_wchars;
937
938         if (num_bytes >= 2 &&
939             (((unsigned char)text[0] == 0xff && (unsigned char)text[1] == 0xfe) ||
940              ((unsigned char)text[0] <= 0x7f && (unsigned char)text[1] == 0x00)))
941         {
942                 /* File begins with 0xfeff, the BOM for UTF-16LE, or it begins
943                  * with something that looks like an ASCII character encoded as
944                  * a UTF-16LE code unit.  Assume the file is encoded as
945                  * UTF-16LE.  This is not a 100% reliable check. */
946                 num_wchars = num_bytes / 2;
947                 text_wstr = (wchar_t*)text;
948         } else {
949                 /* File does not look like UTF-16LE.  Assume it is encoded in
950                  * the current Windows code page.  I think these are always
951                  * ASCII-compatible, so any so-called "plain-text" (ASCII) files
952                  * should work as expected. */
953                 text_wstr = win32_mbs_to_wcs(text,
954                                              num_bytes,
955                                              &num_wchars);
956                 free(text);
957         }
958         *num_tchars_ret = num_wchars;
959         return text_wstr;
960 #endif /* __WIN32__ */
961 }
962
963 static tchar *
964 file_get_text_contents(const tchar *filename, size_t *num_tchars_ret)
965 {
966         char *contents;
967         size_t num_bytes;
968
969         contents = file_get_contents(filename, &num_bytes);
970         if (!contents)
971                 return NULL;
972         return translate_text_to_tstr(contents, num_bytes, num_tchars_ret);
973 }
974
975 static tchar *
976 stdin_get_text_contents(size_t *num_tchars_ret)
977 {
978         char *contents;
979         size_t num_bytes;
980
981         contents = stdin_get_contents(&num_bytes);
982         if (!contents)
983                 return NULL;
984         return translate_text_to_tstr(contents, num_bytes, num_tchars_ret);
985 }
986
987 #define TO_PERCENT(numerator, denominator) \
988         (((denominator) == 0) ? 0 : ((numerator) * 100 / (denominator)))
989
990 #define GIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000000000ULL
991 #define MEBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000000ULL
992 #define KIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000ULL
993
994 static unsigned
995 get_unit(uint64_t total_bytes, const tchar **name_ret)
996 {
997         if (total_bytes >= GIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
998                 *name_ret = T("GiB");
999                 return 30;
1000         } else if (total_bytes >= MEBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
1001                 *name_ret = T("MiB");
1002                 return 20;
1003         } else if (total_bytes >= KIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
1004                 *name_ret = T("KiB");
1005                 return 10;
1006         } else {
1007                 *name_ret = T("bytes");
1008                 return 0;
1009         }
1010 }
1011
1012 static struct wimlib_progress_info_scan last_scan_progress;
1013
1014 static void
1015 report_scan_progress(const struct wimlib_progress_info_scan *scan, bool done)
1016 {
1017         uint64_t prev_count, cur_count;
1018
1019         prev_count = last_scan_progress.num_nondirs_scanned +
1020                      last_scan_progress.num_dirs_scanned;
1021         cur_count = scan->num_nondirs_scanned + scan->num_dirs_scanned;
1022
1023         if (done || prev_count == 0 || cur_count >= prev_count + 100 ||
1024             cur_count % 128 == 0)
1025         {
1026                 unsigned unit_shift;
1027                 const tchar *unit_name;
1028
1029                 unit_shift = get_unit(scan->num_bytes_scanned, &unit_name);
1030                 imagex_printf(T("\r%"PRIu64" %"TS" scanned (%"PRIu64" files, "
1031                                 "%"PRIu64" directories)    "),
1032                               scan->num_bytes_scanned >> unit_shift,
1033                               unit_name,
1034                               scan->num_nondirs_scanned,
1035                               scan->num_dirs_scanned);
1036                 last_scan_progress = *scan;
1037         }
1038 }
1039 /* Progress callback function passed to various wimlib functions. */
1040 static enum wimlib_progress_status
1041 imagex_progress_func(enum wimlib_progress_msg msg,
1042                      union wimlib_progress_info *info,
1043                      void *_ignored_context)
1044 {
1045         unsigned percent_done;
1046         unsigned unit_shift;
1047         const tchar *unit_name;
1048
1049         if (imagex_be_quiet)
1050                 return WIMLIB_PROGRESS_STATUS_CONTINUE;
1051         switch (msg) {
1052         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_WRITE_STREAMS:
1053                 {
1054                         static bool first = true;
1055                         if (first) {
1056                                 imagex_printf(T("Writing %"TS"-compressed data "
1057                                                 "using %u thread%"TS"\n"),
1058                                               wimlib_get_compression_type_string(
1059                                                         info->write_streams.compression_type),
1060                                         info->write_streams.num_threads,
1061                                         (info->write_streams.num_threads == 1) ? T("") : T("s"));
1062                                 first = false;
1063                         }
1064                 }
1065                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->write_streams.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1066                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->write_streams.completed_bytes,
1067                                           info->write_streams.total_bytes);
1068
1069                 imagex_printf(T("\r%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (uncompressed) "
1070                         "written (%u%% done)"),
1071                         info->write_streams.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1072                         unit_name,
1073                         info->write_streams.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1074                         unit_name,
1075                         percent_done);
1076                 if (info->write_streams.completed_bytes >= info->write_streams.total_bytes)
1077                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1078                 break;
1079         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_BEGIN:
1080                 imagex_printf(T("Scanning \"%"TS"\""), info->scan.source);
1081                 if (WIMLIB_IS_WIM_ROOT_PATH(info->scan.wim_target_path)) {
1082                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1083                 } else {
1084                         imagex_printf(T(" (loading as WIM path: \"%"TS"\")...\n"),
1085                                       info->scan.wim_target_path);
1086                 }
1087                 memset(&last_scan_progress, 0, sizeof(last_scan_progress));
1088                 break;
1089         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_DENTRY:
1090                 switch (info->scan.status) {
1091                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_OK:
1092                         report_scan_progress(&info->scan, false);
1093                         break;
1094                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_EXCLUDED:
1095                         imagex_printf(T("\nExcluding \"%"TS"\" from capture\n"), info->scan.cur_path);
1096                         break;
1097                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_UNSUPPORTED:
1098                         imagex_printf(T("\nWARNING: Excluding unsupported file or directory\n"
1099                                         "         \"%"TS"\" from capture\n"), info->scan.cur_path);
1100                         break;
1101                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_FIXED_SYMLINK:
1102                         /* Symlink fixups are enabled by default.  This is
1103                          * mainly intended for Windows, which for some reason
1104                          * uses absolute junctions (with drive letters!) in the
1105                          * default installation.  On UNIX-like systems, warn the
1106                          * user when fixing the target of an absolute symbolic
1107                          * link, so they know to disable this if they want.  */
1108                 #ifndef __WIN32__
1109                         imagex_printf(T("\nWARNING: Adjusted target of "
1110                                         "absolute symbolic link \"%"TS"\"\n"
1111                                         "           (Use --norpfix to capture "
1112                                         "absolute symbolic links as-is)\n"),
1113                                         info->scan.cur_path);
1114                 #endif
1115                         break;
1116                 default:
1117                         break;
1118                 }
1119                 break;
1120         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_END:
1121                 report_scan_progress(&info->scan, true);
1122                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1123                 break;
1124         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_VERIFY_INTEGRITY:
1125                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->integrity.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1126                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->integrity.completed_bytes,
1127                                           info->integrity.total_bytes);
1128                 imagex_printf(T("\rVerifying integrity of \"%"TS"\": %"PRIu64" %"TS" "
1129                         "of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1130                         info->integrity.filename,
1131                         info->integrity.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1132                         unit_name,
1133                         info->integrity.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1134                         unit_name,
1135                         percent_done);
1136                 if (info->integrity.completed_bytes == info->integrity.total_bytes)
1137                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1138                 break;
1139         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_CALC_INTEGRITY:
1140                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->integrity.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1141                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->integrity.completed_bytes,
1142                                           info->integrity.total_bytes);
1143                 imagex_printf(T("\rCalculating integrity table for WIM: %"PRIu64" %"TS" "
1144                           "of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1145                         info->integrity.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1146                         unit_name,
1147                         info->integrity.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1148                         unit_name,
1149                         percent_done);
1150                 if (info->integrity.completed_bytes == info->integrity.total_bytes)
1151                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1152                 break;
1153         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_IMAGE_BEGIN:
1154                 imagex_printf(T("Applying image %d (\"%"TS"\") from \"%"TS"\" "
1155                           "to %"TS" \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1156                         info->extract.image,
1157                         info->extract.image_name,
1158                         info->extract.wimfile_name,
1159                         ((info->extract.extract_flags & WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS) ?
1160                          T("NTFS volume") : T("directory")),
1161                         info->extract.target);
1162                 break;
1163         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_FILE_STRUCTURE:
1164                 if (info->extract.end_file_count >= 2000) {
1165                         percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.current_file_count,
1166                                                   info->extract.end_file_count);
1167                         imagex_printf(T("\rCreating files: %"PRIu64" of %"PRIu64" (%u%%) done"),
1168                                       info->extract.current_file_count,
1169                                       info->extract.end_file_count, percent_done);
1170                         if (info->extract.current_file_count == info->extract.end_file_count)
1171                                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1172                 }
1173                 break;
1174         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_STREAMS:
1175                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.completed_bytes,
1176                                           info->extract.total_bytes);
1177                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->extract.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1178                 imagex_printf(T("\rExtracting files: "
1179                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1180                         info->extract.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1181                         unit_name,
1182                         info->extract.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1183                         unit_name,
1184                         percent_done);
1185                 if (info->extract.completed_bytes >= info->extract.total_bytes)
1186                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1187                 break;
1188         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_METADATA:
1189                 if (info->extract.end_file_count >= 2000) {
1190                         percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.current_file_count,
1191                                                   info->extract.end_file_count);
1192                         imagex_printf(T("\rApplying metadata to files: %"PRIu64" of %"PRIu64" (%u%%) done"),
1193                                       info->extract.current_file_count,
1194                                       info->extract.end_file_count, percent_done);
1195                         if (info->extract.current_file_count == info->extract.end_file_count)
1196                                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1197                 }
1198                 break;
1199         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_SPWM_PART_BEGIN:
1200                 if (info->extract.total_parts != 1) {
1201                         imagex_printf(T("\nReading split pipable WIM part %u of %u\n"),
1202                                       info->extract.part_number,
1203                                       info->extract.total_parts);
1204                 }
1205                 break;
1206         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SPLIT_BEGIN_PART:
1207                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->split.completed_bytes,
1208                                           info->split.total_bytes);
1209                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->split.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1210                 imagex_printf(T("Writing \"%"TS"\" (part %u of %u): %"PRIu64" %"TS" of "
1211                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) written\n"),
1212                         info->split.part_name,
1213                         info->split.cur_part_number,
1214                         info->split.total_parts,
1215                         info->split.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1216                         unit_name,
1217                         info->split.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1218                         unit_name,
1219                         percent_done);
1220                 break;
1221         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SPLIT_END_PART:
1222                 if (info->split.completed_bytes == info->split.total_bytes) {
1223                         imagex_printf(T("Finished writing split WIM part %u of %u\n"),
1224                                 info->split.cur_part_number,
1225                                 info->split.total_parts);
1226                 }
1227                 break;
1228         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_UPDATE_END_COMMAND:
1229                 switch (info->update.command->op) {
1230                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1231                         imagex_printf(T("Deleted WIM path \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1232                                 info->update.command->delete_.wim_path);
1233                         break;
1234                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME:
1235                         imagex_printf(T("Renamed WIM path \"%"TS"\" => \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1236                                 info->update.command->rename.wim_source_path,
1237                                 info->update.command->rename.wim_target_path);
1238                         break;
1239                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1240                 default:
1241                         break;
1242                 }
1243                 break;
1244         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_REPLACE_FILE_IN_WIM:
1245                 imagex_printf(T("Updating \"%"TS"\" in WIM image\n"),
1246                               info->replace.path_in_wim);
1247                 break;
1248         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_WIMBOOT_EXCLUDE:
1249                 imagex_printf(T("\nExtracting \"%"TS"\" as normal file (not WIMBoot pointer)\n"),
1250                               info->wimboot_exclude.path_in_wim);
1251                 break;
1252         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_UNMOUNT_BEGIN:
1253                 if (info->unmount.mount_flags & WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_READWRITE) {
1254                         if (info->unmount.unmount_flags & WIMLIB_UNMOUNT_FLAG_COMMIT) {
1255                                 imagex_printf(T("Committing changes to %"TS" (image %d)\n"),
1256                                               info->unmount.mounted_wim,
1257                                               info->unmount.mounted_image);
1258                         } else {
1259                                 imagex_printf(T("Discarding changes to %"TS" (image %d)\n"),
1260                                               info->unmount.mounted_wim,
1261                                               info->unmount.mounted_image);
1262                                 imagex_printf(T("\t(Use --commit to keep changes.)\n"));
1263                         }
1264                 }
1265                 break;
1266         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_BEGIN_VERIFY_IMAGE:
1267                 imagex_printf(T("Verifying metadata for image %"PRIu32" of %"PRIu32"\n"),
1268                               info->verify_image.current_image,
1269                               info->verify_image.total_images);
1270                 break;
1271         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_VERIFY_STREAMS:
1272                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->verify_streams.completed_bytes,
1273                                           info->verify_streams.total_bytes);
1274                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->verify_streams.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1275                 imagex_printf(T("\rVerifying streams: "
1276                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1277                         info->verify_streams.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1278                         unit_name,
1279                         info->verify_streams.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1280                         unit_name,
1281                         percent_done);
1282                 if (info->verify_streams.completed_bytes == info->verify_streams.total_bytes)
1283                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1284                 break;
1285         default:
1286                 break;
1287         }
1288         fflush(imagex_info_file);
1289         return WIMLIB_PROGRESS_STATUS_CONTINUE;
1290 }
1291
1292 static unsigned
1293 parse_num_threads(const tchar *optarg)
1294 {
1295         tchar *tmp;
1296         unsigned long ul_nthreads = tstrtoul(optarg, &tmp, 10);
1297         if (ul_nthreads >= UINT_MAX || *tmp || tmp == optarg) {
1298                 imagex_error(T("Number of threads must be a non-negative integer!"));
1299                 return UINT_MAX;
1300         } else {
1301                 return ul_nthreads;
1302         }
1303 }
1304
1305 static uint32_t parse_chunk_size(const tchar *optarg)
1306 {
1307        tchar *tmp;
1308        unsigned long chunk_size = tstrtoul(optarg, &tmp, 10);
1309        if (chunk_size >= UINT32_MAX || *tmp || tmp == optarg) {
1310                imagex_error(T("Chunk size must be a non-negative integer!"));
1311                return UINT32_MAX;
1312        } else {
1313                return chunk_size;
1314        }
1315 }
1316
1317
1318 /*
1319  * Parse an option passed to an update command.
1320  *
1321  * @op:         One of WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_* that indicates the command being
1322  *              parsed.
1323  *
1324  * @option:     Text string for the option (beginning with --)
1325  *
1326  * @cmd:        `struct wimlib_update_command' that is being constructed for
1327  *              this command.
1328  *
1329  * Returns true if the option was recognized; false if not.
1330  */
1331 static bool
1332 update_command_add_option(int op, const tchar *option,
1333                           struct wimlib_update_command *cmd)
1334 {
1335         bool recognized = true;
1336         switch (op) {
1337         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1338                 if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--verbose")))
1339                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_VERBOSE;
1340                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--unix-data")))
1341                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1342                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--no-acls")) || !tstrcmp(option, T("--noacls")))
1343                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1344                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--strict-acls")))
1345                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1346                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--dereference")))
1347                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_DEREFERENCE;
1348                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--no-replace")))
1349                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_REPLACE;
1350                 else
1351                         recognized = false;
1352                 break;
1353         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1354                 if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--force")))
1355                         cmd->delete_.delete_flags |= WIMLIB_DELETE_FLAG_FORCE;
1356                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--recursive")))
1357                         cmd->delete_.delete_flags |= WIMLIB_DELETE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
1358                 else
1359                         recognized = false;
1360                 break;
1361         default:
1362                 recognized = false;
1363                 break;
1364         }
1365         return recognized;
1366 }
1367
1368 /* How many nonoption arguments each `imagex update' command expects */
1369 static const unsigned update_command_num_nonoptions[] = {
1370         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD] = 2,
1371         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE] = 1,
1372         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME] = 2,
1373 };
1374
1375 static void
1376 update_command_add_nonoption(int op, const tchar *nonoption,
1377                              struct wimlib_update_command *cmd,
1378                              unsigned num_nonoptions)
1379 {
1380         switch (op) {
1381         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1382                 if (num_nonoptions == 0)
1383                         cmd->add.fs_source_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1384                 else
1385                         cmd->add.wim_target_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1386                 break;
1387         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1388                 cmd->delete_.wim_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1389                 break;
1390         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME:
1391                 if (num_nonoptions == 0)
1392                         cmd->rename.wim_source_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1393                 else
1394                         cmd->rename.wim_target_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1395                 break;
1396         }
1397 }
1398
1399 /*
1400  * Parse a command passed on stdin to `imagex update'.
1401  *
1402  * @line:       Text of the command.
1403  * @len:        Length of the line, including a null terminator
1404  *              at line[len - 1].
1405  *
1406  * @command:    A `struct wimlib_update_command' to fill in from the parsed
1407  *              line.
1408  *
1409  * @line_number: Line number of the command, for diagnostics.
1410  *
1411  * Returns true on success; returns false on parse error.
1412  */
1413 static bool
1414 parse_update_command(tchar *line, size_t len,
1415                      struct wimlib_update_command *command,
1416                      size_t line_number)
1417 {
1418         int ret;
1419         tchar *command_name;
1420         int op;
1421         size_t num_nonoptions;
1422
1423         /* Get the command name ("add", "delete", "rename") */
1424         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &command_name);
1425         if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS)
1426                 return false;
1427
1428         if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("add"))) {
1429                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD;
1430         } else if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("delete"))) {
1431                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE;
1432         } else if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("rename"))) {
1433                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME;
1434         } else {
1435                 imagex_error(T("Unknown update command \"%"TS"\" on line %zu"),
1436                              command_name, line_number);
1437                 return false;
1438         }
1439         command->op = op;
1440
1441         /* Parse additional options and non-options as needed */
1442         num_nonoptions = 0;
1443         for (;;) {
1444                 tchar *next_string;
1445
1446                 ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &next_string);
1447                 if (ret == PARSE_STRING_NONE) /* End of line */
1448                         break;
1449                 else if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS) /* Parse failure */
1450                         return false;
1451                 if (next_string[0] == T('-') && next_string[1] == T('-')) {
1452                         /* Option */
1453                         if (!update_command_add_option(op, next_string, command))
1454                         {
1455                                 imagex_error(T("Unrecognized option \"%"TS"\" to "
1456                                                "update command \"%"TS"\" on line %zu"),
1457                                              next_string, command_name, line_number);
1458
1459                                 return false;
1460                         }
1461                 } else {
1462                         /* Nonoption */
1463                         if (num_nonoptions == update_command_num_nonoptions[op])
1464                         {
1465                                 imagex_error(T("Unexpected argument \"%"TS"\" in "
1466                                                "update command on line %zu\n"
1467                                                "       (The \"%"TS"\" command only "
1468                                                "takes %zu nonoption arguments!)\n"),
1469                                              next_string, line_number,
1470                                              command_name, num_nonoptions);
1471                                 return false;
1472                         }
1473                         update_command_add_nonoption(op, next_string,
1474                                                      command, num_nonoptions);
1475                         num_nonoptions++;
1476                 }
1477         }
1478
1479         if (num_nonoptions != update_command_num_nonoptions[op]) {
1480                 imagex_error(T("Not enough arguments to update command "
1481                                "\"%"TS"\" on line %zu"), command_name, line_number);
1482                 return false;
1483         }
1484         return true;
1485 }
1486
1487 static struct wimlib_update_command *
1488 parse_update_command_file(tchar **cmd_file_contents_p, size_t cmd_file_nchars,
1489                           size_t *num_cmds_ret)
1490 {
1491         ssize_t nlines;
1492         tchar *p;
1493         struct wimlib_update_command *cmds;
1494         size_t i, j;
1495
1496         nlines = text_file_count_lines(cmd_file_contents_p,
1497                                        &cmd_file_nchars);
1498         if (nlines < 0)
1499                 return NULL;
1500
1501         /* Always allocate at least 1 slot, just in case the implementation of
1502          * calloc() returns NULL if 0 bytes are requested. */
1503         cmds = calloc(nlines ?: 1, sizeof(struct wimlib_update_command));
1504         if (!cmds) {
1505                 imagex_error(T("out of memory"));
1506                 return NULL;
1507         }
1508         p = *cmd_file_contents_p;
1509         j = 0;
1510         for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++) {
1511                 /* XXX: Could use rawmemchr() here instead, but it may not be
1512                  * available on all platforms. */
1513                 tchar *endp = tmemchr(p, T('\n'), cmd_file_nchars);
1514                 size_t len = endp - p + 1;
1515                 *endp = T('\0');
1516                 if (!is_comment_line(p, len)) {
1517                         if (!parse_update_command(p, len, &cmds[j++], i + 1)) {
1518                                 free(cmds);
1519                                 return NULL;
1520                         }
1521                 }
1522                 p = endp + 1;
1523         }
1524         *num_cmds_ret = j;
1525         return cmds;
1526 }
1527
1528 /* Apply one image, or all images, from a WIM file to a directory, OR apply
1529  * one image from a WIM file to an NTFS volume.  */
1530 static int
1531 imagex_apply(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
1532 {
1533         int c;
1534         int open_flags = 0;
1535         int image = WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE;
1536         WIMStruct *wim;
1537         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
1538         int ret;
1539         const tchar *wimfile;
1540         const tchar *target;
1541         const tchar *image_num_or_name = NULL;
1542         int extract_flags = 0;
1543
1544         STRING_SET(refglobs);
1545
1546         for_opt(c, apply_options) {
1547                 switch (c) {
1548                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
1549                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1550                         break;
1551                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
1552                         /* No longer does anything.  */
1553                         break;
1554                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
1555                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
1556                         if (ret)
1557                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
1558                         break;
1559                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
1560                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1561                         break;
1562                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
1563                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1564                         break;
1565                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
1566                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1567                         break;
1568                 case IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION:
1569                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ATTRIBUTES;
1570                         break;
1571                 case IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION:
1572                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NORPFIX;
1573                         break;
1574                 case IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION:
1575                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_RPFIX;
1576                         break;
1577                 case IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION:
1578                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_REPLACE_INVALID_FILENAMES;
1579                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_ALL_CASE_CONFLICTS;
1580                         break;
1581                 case IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION:
1582                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_RESUME;
1583                         break;
1584                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
1585                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
1586                         break;
1587                 default:
1588                         goto out_usage;
1589                 }
1590         }
1591         argc -= optind;
1592         argv += optind;
1593         if (argc != 2 && argc != 3)
1594                 goto out_usage;
1595
1596         wimfile = argv[0];
1597
1598         if (!tstrcmp(wimfile, T("-"))) {
1599                 /* Attempt to apply pipable WIM from standard input.  */
1600                 if (argc == 2) {
1601                         image_num_or_name = NULL;
1602                         target = argv[1];
1603                 } else {
1604                         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
1605                         target = argv[2];
1606                 }
1607                 wim = NULL;
1608         } else {
1609                 ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
1610                                                     imagex_progress_func, NULL);
1611                 if (ret)
1612                         goto out_free_refglobs;
1613
1614                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
1615
1616                 if (argc >= 3) {
1617                         /* Image explicitly specified.  */
1618                         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
1619                         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
1620                         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
1621                         if (ret)
1622                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
1623                         target = argv[2];
1624                 } else {
1625                         /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
1626                          * contains exactly one image.  */
1627
1628                         if (info.image_count != 1) {
1629                                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; "
1630                                                "Please select one (or all)."),
1631                                              wimfile, info.image_count);
1632                                 wimlib_free(wim);
1633                                 goto out_usage;
1634                         }
1635                         image = 1;
1636                         target = argv[1];
1637                 }
1638         }
1639
1640         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
1641                 if (wim == NULL) {
1642                         imagex_error(T("Can't specify --ref when applying from stdin!"));
1643                         ret = -1;
1644                         goto out_wimlib_free;
1645                 }
1646                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
1647                 if (ret)
1648                         goto out_wimlib_free;
1649         }
1650
1651 #ifndef __WIN32__
1652         {
1653                 /* Interpret a regular file or block device target as an NTFS
1654                  * volume.  */
1655                 struct stat stbuf;
1656
1657                 if (tstat(target, &stbuf)) {
1658                         if (errno != ENOENT) {
1659                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat \"%"TS"\""),
1660                                                         target);
1661                                 ret = -1;
1662                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
1663                         }
1664                 } else {
1665                         if (S_ISBLK(stbuf.st_mode) || S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode))
1666                                 extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS;
1667                 }
1668         }
1669 #endif
1670
1671         if (wim) {
1672                 ret = wimlib_extract_image(wim, image, target, extract_flags);
1673         } else {
1674                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(STDIN_FILENO);
1675                 ret = wimlib_extract_image_from_pipe_with_progress(
1676                                            STDIN_FILENO,
1677                                            image_num_or_name,
1678                                            target,
1679                                            extract_flags,
1680                                            imagex_progress_func,
1681                                            NULL);
1682         }
1683         if (ret == 0) {
1684                 imagex_printf(T("Done applying WIM image.\n"));
1685         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
1686                 if (wim) {
1687                         do_resource_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info, &refglobs);
1688                 } else {
1689                         imagex_error(T(        "If you are applying an image "
1690                                                "from a split pipable WIM,\n"
1691                                        "       make sure you have "
1692                                        "concatenated together all parts."));
1693                 }
1694         }
1695 out_wimlib_free:
1696         wimlib_free(wim);
1697 out_free_refglobs:
1698         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
1699         return ret;
1700
1701 out_usage:
1702         usage(CMD_APPLY, stderr);
1703         ret = -1;
1704         goto out_free_refglobs;
1705 }
1706
1707 /* Create a WIM image from a directory tree, NTFS volume, or multiple files or
1708  * directory trees.  'wimlib-imagex capture': create a new WIM file containing
1709  * the desired image.  'wimlib-imagex append': add a new image to an existing
1710  * WIM file. */
1711 static int
1712 imagex_capture_or_append(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
1713 {
1714         int c;
1715         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
1716         int add_image_flags = WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_EXCLUDE_VERBOSE |
1717                               WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WINCONFIG |
1718                               WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_VERBOSE;
1719         int write_flags = 0;
1720         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
1721         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
1722         uint32_t solid_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
1723         int solid_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
1724         const tchar *wimfile;
1725         int wim_fd;
1726         const tchar *name;
1727         const tchar *desc;
1728         const tchar *flags_element = NULL;
1729
1730         WIMStruct *wim;
1731         STRING_SET(base_wimfiles);
1732         WIMStruct **base_wims;
1733
1734         WIMStruct *template_wim;
1735         const tchar *template_wimfile = NULL;
1736         const tchar *template_image_name_or_num = NULL;
1737         int template_image = WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE;
1738
1739         int ret;
1740         unsigned num_threads = 0;
1741
1742         tchar *source;
1743         tchar *source_copy;
1744
1745         tchar *config_file = NULL;
1746
1747         bool source_list = false;
1748         size_t source_list_nchars = 0;
1749         tchar *source_list_contents;
1750         bool capture_sources_malloced;
1751         struct wimlib_capture_source *capture_sources;
1752         size_t num_sources;
1753         bool name_defaulted;
1754
1755         for_opt(c, capture_or_append_options) {
1756                 switch (c) {
1757                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
1758                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_BOOT;
1759                         break;
1760                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
1761                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1762                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1763                         break;
1764                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
1765                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1766                         break;
1767                 case IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION:
1768                         config_file = optarg;
1769                         add_image_flags &= ~WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WINCONFIG;
1770                         break;
1771                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
1772                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
1773                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
1774                                 goto out_err;
1775                         break;
1776                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
1777                         set_compress_slow();
1778                         break;
1779                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
1780                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
1781                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
1782                                 goto out_err;
1783                         break;
1784                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
1785                         solid_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
1786                         if (solid_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
1787                                 goto out_err;
1788                         break;
1789                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION:
1790                         solid_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
1791                         if (solid_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
1792                                 goto out_err;
1793                         break;
1794                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION:
1795                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS;
1796                         break;
1797                 case IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION:
1798                         flags_element = optarg;
1799                         break;
1800                 case IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION:
1801                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_DEREFERENCE;
1802                         break;
1803                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
1804                         /* No longer does anything.  */
1805                         break;
1806                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
1807                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
1808                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
1809                                 goto out_err;
1810                         break;
1811                 case IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION:
1812                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
1813                         break;
1814                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
1815                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1816                         break;
1817                 case IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION:
1818                         source_list = true;
1819                         break;
1820                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
1821                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1822                         break;
1823                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
1824                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1825                         break;
1826                 case IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION:
1827                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_RPFIX;
1828                         break;
1829                 case IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION:
1830                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_NORPFIX;
1831                         break;
1832                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
1833                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
1834                         break;
1835                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
1836                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
1837                         break;
1838                 case IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION:
1839                         if (template_image_name_or_num) {
1840                                 imagex_error(T("'--update-of' can only be "
1841                                                "specified one time!"));
1842                                 goto out_err;
1843                         } else {
1844                                 tchar *colon;
1845                                 colon = tstrrchr(optarg, T(':'));
1846
1847                                 if (colon) {
1848                                         template_wimfile = optarg;
1849                                         *colon = T('\0');
1850                                         template_image_name_or_num = colon + 1;
1851                                 } else {
1852                                         template_wimfile = NULL;
1853                                         template_image_name_or_num = optarg;
1854                                 }
1855                         }
1856                         break;
1857                 case IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION:
1858                         if (cmd != CMD_CAPTURE) {
1859                                 imagex_error(T("'--delta-from' is only "
1860                                                "valid for capture!"));
1861                                 goto out_usage;
1862                         }
1863                         ret = string_set_append(&base_wimfiles, optarg);
1864                         if (ret)
1865                                 goto out_free_base_wimfiles;
1866                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SKIP_EXTERNAL_WIMS;
1867                         break;
1868                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
1869                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
1870                         break;
1871                 default:
1872                         goto out_usage;
1873                 }
1874         }
1875         argc -= optind;
1876         argv += optind;
1877
1878         if (argc < 2 || argc > 4)
1879                 goto out_usage;
1880
1881         source = argv[0];
1882         wimfile = argv[1];
1883
1884         /* Set default compression type and parameters.  */
1885
1886
1887         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
1888                 /* No compression type specified.  Use the default.  */
1889
1890                 if (add_image_flags & WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WIMBOOT) {
1891                         /* With --wimboot, default to XPRESS compression.  */
1892                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
1893                 } else if (write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS) {
1894                         /* With --solid, default to LZMS compression.  (However,
1895                          * this will not affect solid blocks!)  */
1896                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
1897                 } else {
1898                         /* Otherwise, default to LZX compression.  */
1899                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX;
1900                 }
1901         }
1902
1903         if (!tstrcmp(wimfile, T("-"))) {
1904                 /* Writing captured WIM to standard output.  */
1905         #if 0
1906                 if (!(write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE)) {
1907                         imagex_error("Can't write a non-pipable WIM to "
1908                                      "standard output!  Specify --pipable\n"
1909                                      "       if you want to create a pipable WIM "
1910                                      "(but read the docs first).");
1911                         goto out_err;
1912                 }
1913         #else
1914                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
1915         #endif
1916                 if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
1917                         imagex_error(T("Using standard output for append does "
1918                                        "not make sense."));
1919                         goto out_err;
1920                 }
1921                 wim_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
1922                 wimfile = NULL;
1923                 imagex_info_file = stderr;
1924                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(wim_fd);
1925         }
1926
1927         /* If template image was specified using --update-of=IMAGE rather
1928          * than --update-of=WIMFILE:IMAGE, set the default WIMFILE.  */
1929         if (template_image_name_or_num && !template_wimfile) {
1930                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1) {
1931                         /* Capturing delta WIM based on single WIM:  default to
1932                          * base WIM.  */
1933                         template_wimfile = base_wimfiles.strings[0];
1934                 } else if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
1935                         /* Appending to WIM:  default to WIM being appended to.
1936                          */
1937                         template_wimfile = wimfile;
1938                 } else {
1939                         /* Capturing a normal (non-delta) WIM, so the WIM file
1940                          * *must* be explicitly specified.  */
1941                         if (base_wimfiles.num_strings > 1) {
1942                                 imagex_error(T("For capture of delta WIM "
1943                                                "based on multiple existing "
1944                                                "WIMs,\n"
1945                                                "      '--update-of' must "
1946                                                "specify WIMFILE:IMAGE!"));
1947                         } else {
1948                                 imagex_error(T("For capture of non-delta WIM, "
1949                                                "'--update-of' must specify "
1950                                                "WIMFILE:IMAGE!"));
1951                         }
1952                         goto out_usage;
1953                 }
1954         }
1955
1956         if (argc >= 3) {
1957                 name = argv[2];
1958                 name_defaulted = false;
1959         } else {
1960                 /* Set default name to SOURCE argument, omitting any directory
1961                  * prefixes and trailing slashes.  This requires making a copy
1962                  * of @source.  Leave some free characters at the end in case we
1963                  * append a number to keep the name unique. */
1964                 size_t source_name_len;
1965
1966                 source_name_len = tstrlen(source);
1967                 source_copy = alloca((source_name_len + 1 + 25) * sizeof(tchar));
1968                 name = tbasename(tstrcpy(source_copy, source));
1969                 name_defaulted = true;
1970         }
1971         /* Image description defaults to NULL if not given. */
1972         if (argc >= 4)
1973                 desc = argv[3];
1974         else
1975                 desc = NULL;
1976
1977         if (source_list) {
1978                 /* Set up capture sources in source list mode */
1979                 if (source[0] == T('-') && source[1] == T('\0')) {
1980                         source_list_contents = stdin_get_text_contents(&source_list_nchars);
1981                 } else {
1982                         source_list_contents = file_get_text_contents(source,
1983                                                                       &source_list_nchars);
1984                 }
1985                 if (!source_list_contents)
1986                         goto out_err;
1987
1988                 capture_sources = parse_source_list(&source_list_contents,
1989                                                     source_list_nchars,
1990                                                     &num_sources);
1991                 if (!capture_sources) {
1992                         ret = -1;
1993                         goto out_free_source_list_contents;
1994                 }
1995                 capture_sources_malloced = true;
1996         } else {
1997                 /* Set up capture source in non-source-list mode.  */
1998                 capture_sources = alloca(sizeof(struct wimlib_capture_source));
1999                 capture_sources[0].fs_source_path = source;
2000                 capture_sources[0].wim_target_path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2001                 capture_sources[0].reserved = 0;
2002                 num_sources = 1;
2003                 capture_sources_malloced = false;
2004                 source_list_contents = NULL;
2005         }
2006
2007         /* Open the existing WIM, or create a new one.  */
2008         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2009                 ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
2010                                                     imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2011                 if (ret)
2012                         goto out_free_capture_sources;
2013         } else {
2014                 ret = wimlib_create_new_wim(compression_type, &wim);
2015                 if (ret)
2016                         goto out_free_capture_sources;
2017                 wimlib_register_progress_function(wim, imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2018         }
2019
2020         /* Set chunk size if non-default.  */
2021         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2022                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, chunk_size);
2023                 if (ret)
2024                         goto out_free_wim;
2025         } else if ((add_image_flags & WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WIMBOOT) &&
2026                    compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS) {
2027                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, 4096);
2028                 if (ret)
2029                         goto out_free_wim;
2030         }
2031         if (solid_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2032                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(wim, solid_ctype);
2033                 if (ret)
2034                         goto out_free_wim;
2035         }
2036         if (solid_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2037                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(wim, solid_chunk_size);
2038                 if (ret)
2039                         goto out_free_wim;
2040         }
2041
2042 #ifndef __WIN32__
2043         /* Detect if source is regular file or block device and set NTFS volume
2044          * capture mode.  */
2045         if (!source_list) {
2046                 struct stat stbuf;
2047
2048                 if (tstat(source, &stbuf) == 0) {
2049                         if (S_ISBLK(stbuf.st_mode) || S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
2050                                 imagex_printf(T("Capturing WIM image from NTFS "
2051                                           "filesystem on \"%"TS"\"\n"), source);
2052                                 add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_NTFS;
2053                         }
2054                 } else {
2055                         if (errno != ENOENT) {
2056                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat "
2057                                                           "\"%"TS"\""), source);
2058                                 ret = -1;
2059                                 goto out_free_wim;
2060                         }
2061                 }
2062         }
2063 #endif
2064
2065         /* If the user did not specify an image name, and the basename of the
2066          * source already exists as an image name in the WIM file, append a
2067          * suffix to make it unique. */
2068         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND && name_defaulted) {
2069                 unsigned long conflict_idx;
2070                 tchar *name_end = tstrchr(name, T('\0'));
2071                 for (conflict_idx = 1;
2072                      wimlib_image_name_in_use(wim, name);
2073                      conflict_idx++)
2074                 {
2075                         tsprintf(name_end, T(" (%lu)"), conflict_idx);
2076                 }
2077         }
2078
2079         /* If capturing a delta WIM, reference resources from the base WIMs
2080          * before adding the new image.  */
2081         if (base_wimfiles.num_strings) {
2082                 base_wims = calloc(base_wimfiles.num_strings,
2083                                    sizeof(base_wims[0]));
2084                 if (base_wims == NULL) {
2085                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
2086                         ret = -1;
2087                         goto out_free_wim;
2088                 }
2089
2090                 for (size_t i = 0; i < base_wimfiles.num_strings; i++) {
2091                         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(
2092                                     base_wimfiles.strings[i],
2093                                     open_flags, &base_wims[i],
2094                                     imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2095                         if (ret)
2096                                 goto out_free_base_wims;
2097
2098                 }
2099
2100                 ret = wimlib_reference_resources(wim, base_wims,
2101                                                  base_wimfiles.num_strings, 0);
2102                 if (ret)
2103                         goto out_free_base_wims;
2104
2105                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1) {
2106                         imagex_printf(T("Capturing delta WIM based on \"%"TS"\"\n"),
2107                                       base_wimfiles.strings[0]);
2108                 } else {
2109                         imagex_printf(T("Capturing delta WIM based on %u WIMs\n"),
2110                                       base_wimfiles.num_strings);
2111                 }
2112
2113         } else {
2114                 base_wims = NULL;
2115         }
2116
2117         /* If capturing or appending as an update of an existing (template) image,
2118          * open the WIM if needed and parse the image index.  */
2119         if (template_image_name_or_num) {
2120
2121
2122                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1 &&
2123                     template_wimfile == base_wimfiles.strings[0]) {
2124                         template_wim = base_wims[0];
2125                 } else if (template_wimfile == wimfile) {
2126                         template_wim = wim;
2127                 } else {
2128                         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(template_wimfile,
2129                                                             open_flags,
2130                                                             &template_wim,
2131                                                             imagex_progress_func,
2132                                                             NULL);
2133                         if (ret)
2134                                 goto out_free_base_wims;
2135                 }
2136
2137                 template_image = wimlib_resolve_image(template_wim,
2138                                                       template_image_name_or_num);
2139
2140                 if (template_image_name_or_num[0] == T('-')) {
2141                         tchar *tmp;
2142                         unsigned long n;
2143                         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2144
2145                         wimlib_get_wim_info(template_wim, &info);
2146                         n = tstrtoul(template_image_name_or_num + 1, &tmp, 10);
2147                         if (n >= 1 && n <= info.image_count &&
2148                             *tmp == T('\0') &&
2149                             tmp != template_image_name_or_num + 1)
2150                         {
2151                                 template_image = info.image_count - (n - 1);
2152                         }
2153                 }
2154                 ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(template_image,
2155                                                         template_image_name_or_num,
2156                                                         template_wimfile);
2157                 if (ret)
2158                         goto out_free_template_wim;
2159         } else {
2160                 template_wim = NULL;
2161         }
2162
2163         ret = wimlib_add_image_multisource(wim,
2164                                            capture_sources,
2165                                            num_sources,
2166                                            name,
2167                                            config_file,
2168                                            add_image_flags);
2169         if (ret)
2170                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2171
2172         if (desc || flags_element || template_image_name_or_num) {
2173                 /* User provided <DESCRIPTION> or <FLAGS> element, or an image
2174                  * on which the added one is to be based has been specified with
2175                  * --update-of.  Get the index of the image we just
2176                  *  added, then use it to call the appropriate functions.  */
2177                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2178
2179                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2180
2181                 if (desc) {
2182                         ret = wimlib_set_image_descripton(wim,
2183                                                           info.image_count,
2184                                                           desc);
2185                         if (ret)
2186                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2187                 }
2188
2189                 if (flags_element) {
2190                         ret = wimlib_set_image_flags(wim, info.image_count,
2191                                                      flags_element);
2192                         if (ret)
2193                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2194                 }
2195
2196                 /* Reference template image if the user provided one.  */
2197                 if (template_image_name_or_num) {
2198                         imagex_printf(T("Using image %d "
2199                                         "from \"%"TS"\" as template\n"),
2200                                         template_image, template_wimfile);
2201                         ret = wimlib_reference_template_image(wim,
2202                                                               info.image_count,
2203                                                               template_wim,
2204                                                               template_image,
2205                                                               0);
2206                         if (ret)
2207                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2208                 }
2209         }
2210
2211         /* Write the new WIM or overwrite the existing WIM with the new image
2212          * appended.  */
2213         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2214                 ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, num_threads);
2215         } else if (wimfile) {
2216                 ret = wimlib_write(wim, wimfile, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2217                                    write_flags, num_threads);
2218         } else {
2219                 ret = wimlib_write_to_fd(wim, wim_fd, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2220                                          write_flags, num_threads);
2221         }
2222 out_free_template_wim:
2223         /* template_wim may alias base_wims[0] or wim.  */
2224         if ((base_wimfiles.num_strings != 1 || template_wim != base_wims[0]) &&
2225             template_wim != wim)
2226                 wimlib_free(template_wim);
2227 out_free_base_wims:
2228         for (size_t i = 0; i < base_wimfiles.num_strings; i++)
2229                 wimlib_free(base_wims[i]);
2230         free(base_wims);
2231 out_free_wim:
2232         wimlib_free(wim);
2233 out_free_capture_sources:
2234         if (capture_sources_malloced)
2235                 free(capture_sources);
2236 out_free_source_list_contents:
2237         free(source_list_contents);
2238 out_free_base_wimfiles:
2239         string_set_destroy(&base_wimfiles);
2240         return ret;
2241
2242 out_usage:
2243         usage(cmd, stderr);
2244 out_err:
2245         ret = -1;
2246         goto out_free_base_wimfiles;
2247 }
2248
2249 /* Remove image(s) from a WIM. */
2250 static int
2251 imagex_delete(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2252 {
2253         int c;
2254         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
2255         int write_flags = 0;
2256         const tchar *wimfile;
2257         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
2258         WIMStruct *wim;
2259         int image;
2260         int ret;
2261
2262         for_opt(c, delete_options) {
2263                 switch (c) {
2264                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2265                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2266                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2267                         break;
2268                 case IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION:
2269                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOFT_DELETE;
2270                         break;
2271                 default:
2272                         goto out_usage;
2273                 }
2274         }
2275         argc -= optind;
2276         argv += optind;
2277
2278         if (argc != 2) {
2279                 if (argc < 1)
2280                         imagex_error(T("Must specify a WIM file"));
2281                 if (argc < 2)
2282                         imagex_error(T("Must specify an image"));
2283                 goto out_usage;
2284         }
2285         wimfile = argv[0];
2286         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2287
2288         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
2289                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2290         if (ret)
2291                 goto out;
2292
2293         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
2294
2295         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
2296         if (ret)
2297                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2298
2299         ret = wimlib_delete_image(wim, image);
2300         if (ret) {
2301                 imagex_error(T("Failed to delete image from \"%"TS"\""),
2302                              wimfile);
2303                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2304         }
2305
2306         ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, 0);
2307         if (ret) {
2308                 imagex_error(T("Failed to write the file \"%"TS"\" with image "
2309                                "deleted"), wimfile);
2310         }
2311 out_wimlib_free:
2312         wimlib_free(wim);
2313 out:
2314         return ret;
2315
2316 out_usage:
2317         usage(CMD_DELETE, stderr);
2318         ret = -1;
2319         goto out;
2320 }
2321
2322 struct print_dentry_options {
2323         bool detailed;
2324 };
2325
2326 static void
2327 print_dentry_full_path(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry)
2328 {
2329         tprintf(T("%"TS"\n"), dentry->full_path);
2330 }
2331
2332 static const struct {
2333         uint32_t flag;
2334         const tchar *name;
2335 } file_attr_flags[] = {
2336         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY,            T("READONLY")},
2337         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN,              T("HIDDEN")},
2338         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM,              T("SYSTEM")},
2339         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY,           T("DIRECTORY")},
2340         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE,             T("ARCHIVE")},
2341         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE,              T("DEVICE")},
2342         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,              T("NORMAL")},
2343         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_TEMPORARY,           T("TEMPORARY")},
2344         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SPARSE_FILE,         T("SPARSE_FILE")},
2345         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT,       T("REPARSE_POINT")},
2346         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_COMPRESSED,          T("COMPRESSED")},
2347         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_OFFLINE,             T("OFFLINE")},
2348         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED, T("NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED")},
2349         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ENCRYPTED,           T("ENCRYPTED")},
2350         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_VIRTUAL,             T("VIRTUAL")},
2351 };
2352
2353 #define TIMESTR_MAX 100
2354
2355 static void
2356 timespec_to_string(const struct timespec *spec, tchar *buf)
2357 {
2358         time_t t = spec->tv_sec;
2359         struct tm tm;
2360         gmtime_r(&t, &tm);
2361         tstrftime(buf, TIMESTR_MAX, T("%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y UTC"), &tm);
2362         buf[TIMESTR_MAX - 1] = '\0';
2363 }
2364
2365 static void
2366 print_time(const tchar *type, const struct timespec *spec)
2367 {
2368         tchar timestr[TIMESTR_MAX];
2369
2370         timespec_to_string(spec, timestr);
2371
2372         tprintf(T("%-20"TS"= %"TS"\n"), type, timestr);
2373 }
2374
2375 static void print_byte_field(const uint8_t field[], size_t len)
2376 {
2377         while (len--)
2378                 tprintf(T("%02hhx"), *field++);
2379 }
2380
2381 static void
2382 print_wim_information(const tchar *wimfile, const struct wimlib_wim_info *info)
2383 {
2384         tputs(T("WIM Information:"));
2385         tputs(T("----------------"));
2386         tprintf(T("Path:           %"TS"\n"), wimfile);
2387         tprintf(T("GUID:           0x"));
2388         print_byte_field(info->guid, sizeof(info->guid));
2389         tputchar(T('\n'));
2390         tprintf(T("Version:        %u\n"), info->wim_version);
2391         tprintf(T("Image Count:    %d\n"), info->image_count);
2392         tprintf(T("Compression:    %"TS"\n"),
2393                 wimlib_get_compression_type_string(info->compression_type));
2394         tprintf(T("Chunk Size:     %"PRIu32" bytes\n"),
2395                 info->chunk_size);
2396         tprintf(T("Part Number:    %d/%d\n"), info->part_number, info->total_parts);
2397         tprintf(T("Boot Index:     %d\n"), info->boot_index);
2398         tprintf(T("Size:           %"PRIu64" bytes\n"), info->total_bytes);
2399         tprintf(T("Integrity Info: %"TS"\n"),
2400                 info->has_integrity_table ? T("yes") : T("no"));
2401         tprintf(T("Relative path junction: %"TS"\n"),
2402                 info->has_rpfix ? T("yes") : T("no"));
2403         tprintf(T("Pipable:        %"TS"\n"),
2404                 info->pipable ? T("yes") : T("no"));
2405         tputchar(T('\n'));
2406 }
2407
2408 static int
2409 print_resource(const struct wimlib_resource_entry *resource,
2410                void *_ignore)
2411 {
2412         tprintf(T("Hash                = 0x"));
2413         print_byte_field(resource->sha1_hash, sizeof(resource->sha1_hash));
2414         tputchar(T('\n'));
2415
2416         if (!resource->is_missing) {
2417                 tprintf(T("Uncompressed size   = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2418                         resource->uncompressed_size);
2419                 if (resource->packed) {
2420                         tprintf(T("Raw compressed size = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2421                                 resource->raw_resource_compressed_size);
2422
2423                         tprintf(T("Raw offset in WIM   = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2424                                 resource->raw_resource_offset_in_wim);
2425
2426                         tprintf(T("Offset in raw       = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2427                                 resource->offset);
2428                 } else {
2429                         tprintf(T("Compressed size     = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2430                                 resource->compressed_size);
2431
2432                         tprintf(T("Offset in WIM       = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2433                                 resource->offset);
2434                 }
2435
2436                 tprintf(T("Part Number         = %u\n"), resource->part_number);
2437                 tprintf(T("Reference Count     = %u\n"), resource->reference_count);
2438
2439                 tprintf(T("Flags               = "));
2440                 if (resource->is_compressed)
2441                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_COMPRESSED  "));
2442                 if (resource->is_metadata)
2443                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_METADATA  "));
2444                 if (resource->is_free)
2445                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_FREE  "));
2446                 if (resource->is_spanned)
2447                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_SPANNED  "));
2448                 if (resource->packed)
2449                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_PACKED_STREAMS  "));
2450                 tputchar(T('\n'));
2451         }
2452         tputchar(T('\n'));
2453         return 0;
2454 }
2455
2456 static void
2457 print_lookup_table(WIMStruct *wim)
2458 {
2459         wimlib_iterate_lookup_table(wim, 0, print_resource, NULL);
2460 }
2461
2462 static void
2463 default_print_security_descriptor(const uint8_t *sd, size_t size)
2464 {
2465         tprintf(T("Security Descriptor = "));
2466         print_byte_field(sd, size);
2467         tputchar(T('\n'));
2468 }
2469
2470 static void
2471 print_dentry_detailed(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry)
2472 {
2473
2474         tprintf(T(
2475 "----------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"));
2476         tprintf(T("Full Path           = \"%"TS"\"\n"), dentry->full_path);
2477         if (dentry->dos_name)
2478                 tprintf(T("Short Name          = \"%"TS"\"\n"), dentry->dos_name);
2479         tprintf(T("Attributes          = 0x%08x\n"), dentry->attributes);
2480         for (size_t i = 0; i < ARRAY_LEN(file_attr_flags); i++)
2481                 if (file_attr_flags[i].flag & dentry->attributes)
2482                         tprintf(T("    FILE_ATTRIBUTE_%"TS" is set\n"),
2483                                 file_attr_flags[i].name);
2484
2485         if (dentry->security_descriptor) {
2486                 print_security_descriptor(dentry->security_descriptor,
2487                                           dentry->security_descriptor_size);
2488         }
2489
2490         print_time(T("Creation Time"), &dentry->creation_time);
2491         print_time(T("Last Write Time"), &dentry->last_write_time);
2492         print_time(T("Last Access Time"), &dentry->last_access_time);
2493
2494
2495         if (dentry->attributes & WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT)
2496                 tprintf(T("Reparse Tag         = 0x%"PRIx32"\n"), dentry->reparse_tag);
2497
2498         tprintf(T("Link Group ID       = 0x%016"PRIx64"\n"), dentry->hard_link_group_id);
2499         tprintf(T("Link Count          = %"PRIu32"\n"), dentry->num_links);
2500
2501         if (dentry->unix_mode != 0) {
2502                 tprintf(T("UNIX Data           = uid:%"PRIu32" gid:%"PRIu32" "
2503                           "mode:0%"PRIo32" rdev:0x%"PRIx32"\n"),
2504                         dentry->unix_uid, dentry->unix_gid,
2505                         dentry->unix_mode, dentry->unix_rdev);
2506         }
2507
2508         for (uint32_t i = 0; i <= dentry->num_named_streams; i++) {
2509                 if (dentry->streams[i].stream_name) {
2510                         tprintf(T("\tData stream \"%"TS"\":\n"),
2511                                 dentry->streams[i].stream_name);
2512                 } else {
2513                         tprintf(T("\tUnnamed data stream:\n"));
2514                 }
2515                 print_resource(&dentry->streams[i].resource, NULL);
2516         }
2517 }
2518
2519 static int
2520 print_dentry(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry, void *_options)
2521 {
2522         const struct print_dentry_options *options = _options;
2523         if (!options->detailed)
2524                 print_dentry_full_path(dentry);
2525         else
2526                 print_dentry_detailed(dentry);
2527         return 0;
2528 }
2529
2530 /* Print the files contained in an image(s) in a WIM file. */
2531 static int
2532 imagex_dir(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2533 {
2534         const tchar *wimfile;
2535         WIMStruct *wim = NULL;
2536         int image;
2537         int ret;
2538         const tchar *path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2539         int c;
2540         struct print_dentry_options options = {
2541                 .detailed = false,
2542         };
2543         int iterate_flags = WIMLIB_ITERATE_DIR_TREE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
2544
2545         for_opt(c, dir_options) {
2546                 switch (c) {
2547                 case IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION:
2548                         path = optarg;
2549                         break;
2550                 case IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION:
2551                         options.detailed = true;
2552                         break;
2553                 case IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION:
2554                         iterate_flags &= ~WIMLIB_ITERATE_DIR_TREE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
2555                         break;
2556                 default:
2557                         goto out_usage;
2558                 }
2559         }
2560         argc -= optind;
2561         argv += optind;
2562
2563         if (argc < 1) {
2564                 imagex_error(T("Must specify a WIM file"));
2565                 goto out_usage;
2566         }
2567         if (argc > 2) {
2568                 imagex_error(T("Too many arguments"));
2569                 goto out_usage;
2570         }
2571
2572         wimfile = argv[0];
2573         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, 0, &wim,
2574                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2575         if (ret)
2576                 goto out;
2577
2578         if (argc >= 2) {
2579                 image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, argv[1]);
2580                 ret = verify_image_exists(image, argv[1], wimfile);
2581                 if (ret)
2582                         goto out_wimlib_free;
2583         } else {
2584                 /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
2585                  * contains exactly one image.  */
2586
2587                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2588
2589                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2590                 if (info.image_count != 1) {
2591                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; Please "
2592                                        "select one (or all)."),
2593                                      wimfile, info.image_count);
2594                         wimlib_free(wim);
2595                         goto out_usage;
2596                 }
2597                 image = 1;
2598         }
2599
2600         ret = wimlib_iterate_dir_tree(wim, image, path, iterate_flags,
2601                                       print_dentry, &options);
2602 out_wimlib_free:
2603         wimlib_free(wim);
2604 out:
2605         return ret;
2606
2607 out_usage:
2608         usage(CMD_DIR, stderr);
2609         ret = -1;
2610         goto out;
2611 }
2612
2613 /* Exports one, or all, images from a WIM file to a new WIM file or an existing
2614  * WIM file. */
2615 static int
2616 imagex_export(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2617 {
2618         int c;
2619         int open_flags = 0;
2620         int export_flags = WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_GIFT;
2621         int write_flags = 0;
2622         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
2623         const tchar *src_wimfile;
2624         const tchar *src_image_num_or_name;
2625         const tchar *dest_wimfile;
2626         int dest_wim_fd;
2627         const tchar *dest_name;
2628         const tchar *dest_desc;
2629         WIMStruct *src_wim;
2630         struct wimlib_wim_info src_info;
2631         WIMStruct *dest_wim;
2632         int ret;
2633         int image;
2634         struct stat stbuf;
2635         bool wim_is_new;
2636         STRING_SET(refglobs);
2637         unsigned num_threads = 0;
2638         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
2639         uint32_t solid_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
2640         int solid_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
2641
2642         for_opt(c, export_options) {
2643                 switch (c) {
2644                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
2645                         export_flags |= WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_BOOT;
2646                         break;
2647                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2648                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2649                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2650                         break;
2651                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
2652                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2653                         break;
2654                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
2655                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
2656                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
2657                                 goto out_err;
2658                         break;
2659                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
2660                         set_compress_slow();
2661                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
2662                         break;
2663                 case IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION:
2664                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
2665                         break;
2666                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION:
2667                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS;
2668                         break;
2669                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
2670                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
2671                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2672                                 goto out_err;
2673                         break;
2674                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
2675                         solid_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
2676                         if (solid_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2677                                 goto out_err;
2678                         break;
2679                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION:
2680                         solid_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
2681                         if (solid_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
2682                                 goto out_err;
2683                         break;
2684                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
2685                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
2686                         if (ret)
2687                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2688                         break;
2689                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
2690                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
2691                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
2692                                 goto out_err;
2693                         break;
2694                 case IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION:
2695                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
2696                         break;
2697                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
2698                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
2699                         break;
2700                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
2701                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
2702                         break;
2703                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
2704                         export_flags |= WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
2705                         break;
2706                 default:
2707                         goto out_usage;
2708                 }
2709         }
2710         argc -= optind;
2711         argv += optind;
2712         if (argc < 3 || argc > 5)
2713                 goto out_usage;
2714         src_wimfile           = argv[0];
2715         src_image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2716         dest_wimfile          = argv[2];
2717         dest_name             = (argc >= 4) ? argv[3] : NULL;
2718         dest_desc             = (argc >= 5) ? argv[4] : NULL;
2719         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(src_wimfile, open_flags, &src_wim,
2720                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2721         if (ret)
2722                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2723
2724         wimlib_get_wim_info(src_wim, &src_info);
2725
2726         /* Determine if the destination is an existing file or not.  If so, we
2727          * try to append the exported image(s) to it; otherwise, we create a new
2728          * WIM containing the exported image(s).  Furthermore, determine if we
2729          * need to write a pipable WIM directly to standard output.  */
2730
2731         if (tstrcmp(dest_wimfile, T("-")) == 0) {
2732         #if 0
2733                 if (!(write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE)) {
2734                         imagex_error("Can't write a non-pipable WIM to "
2735                                      "standard output!  Specify --pipable\n"
2736                                      "       if you want to create a pipable WIM "
2737                                      "(but read the docs first).");
2738                         ret = -1;
2739                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2740                 }
2741         #else
2742                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
2743         #endif
2744                 dest_wimfile = NULL;
2745                 dest_wim_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
2746                 imagex_info_file = stderr;
2747                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(dest_wim_fd);
2748         }
2749         errno = ENOENT;
2750         if (dest_wimfile != NULL && tstat(dest_wimfile, &stbuf) == 0) {
2751                 wim_is_new = false;
2752                 /* Destination file exists. */
2753
2754                 if (!S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
2755                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a regular file"),
2756                                      dest_wimfile);
2757                         ret = -1;
2758                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2759                 }
2760                 ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(dest_wimfile,
2761                                                     open_flags |
2762                                                         WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS,
2763                                                     &dest_wim,
2764                                                     imagex_progress_func,
2765                                                     NULL);
2766                 if (ret)
2767                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2768
2769                 if (compression_type != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2770                         /* The user specified a compression type, but we're
2771                          * exporting to an existing WIM.  Make sure the
2772                          * specified compression type is the same as the
2773                          * compression type of the existing destination WIM. */
2774                         struct wimlib_wim_info dest_info;
2775
2776                         wimlib_get_wim_info(dest_wim, &dest_info);
2777                         if (compression_type != dest_info.compression_type) {
2778                                 imagex_error(T("Cannot specify a compression type that is "
2779                                                "not the same as that used in the "
2780                                                "destination WIM"));
2781                                 ret = -1;
2782                                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2783                         }
2784                 }
2785         } else {
2786                 wim_is_new = true;
2787
2788                 if (errno != ENOENT) {
2789                         imagex_error_with_errno(T("Cannot stat file \"%"TS"\""),
2790                                                 dest_wimfile);
2791                         ret = -1;
2792                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2793                 }
2794
2795                 /* dest_wimfile is not an existing file, so create a new WIM. */
2796
2797                 if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2798                         /* The user did not specify a compression type; default
2799                          * to that of the source WIM, unless --solid or
2800                          * --wimboot was specified.   */
2801
2802                         if (write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS)
2803                                 compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
2804                         else if (export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_WIMBOOT)
2805                                 compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
2806                         else
2807                                 compression_type = src_info.compression_type;
2808                 }
2809                 ret = wimlib_create_new_wim(compression_type, &dest_wim);
2810                 if (ret)
2811                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2812
2813                 wimlib_register_progress_function(dest_wim,
2814                                                   imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2815
2816                 if ((export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_WIMBOOT)
2817                     && compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS)
2818                 {
2819                         /* For --wimboot export, use small XPRESS chunks.  */
2820                         wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, 4096);
2821                 } else if (compression_type == src_info.compression_type &&
2822                            chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2823                 {
2824                         /* Use same chunk size if compression type is the same.  */
2825                         wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, src_info.chunk_size);
2826                 }
2827         }
2828
2829         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2830                 /* Set destination chunk size.  */
2831                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, chunk_size);
2832                 if (ret)
2833                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2834         }
2835         if (solid_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2836                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(dest_wim, solid_ctype);
2837                 if (ret)
2838                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2839         }
2840         if (solid_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2841                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(dest_wim, solid_chunk_size);
2842                 if (ret)
2843                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2844         }
2845
2846         image = wimlib_resolve_image(src_wim, src_image_num_or_name);
2847         ret = verify_image_exists(image, src_image_num_or_name, src_wimfile);
2848         if (ret)
2849                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2850
2851         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
2852                 ret = wim_reference_globs(src_wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
2853                 if (ret)
2854                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2855         }
2856
2857         if ((export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_BOOT) &&
2858             image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && src_info.boot_index == 0)
2859         {
2860                 imagex_error(T("--boot specified for all-images export, but source WIM "
2861                                "has no bootable image."));
2862                 ret = -1;
2863                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2864         }
2865
2866         ret = wimlib_export_image(src_wim, image, dest_wim, dest_name,
2867                                   dest_desc, export_flags);
2868         if (ret) {
2869                 if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
2870                         do_resource_not_found_warning(src_wimfile,
2871                                                       &src_info, &refglobs);
2872                 }
2873                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2874         }
2875
2876         if (!wim_is_new)
2877                 ret = wimlib_overwrite(dest_wim, write_flags, num_threads);
2878         else if (dest_wimfile)
2879                 ret = wimlib_write(dest_wim, dest_wimfile, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2880                                    write_flags, num_threads);
2881         else
2882                 ret = wimlib_write_to_fd(dest_wim, dest_wim_fd,
2883                                          WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES, write_flags,
2884                                          num_threads);
2885 out_free_dest_wim:
2886         wimlib_free(dest_wim);
2887 out_free_src_wim:
2888         wimlib_free(src_wim);
2889 out_free_refglobs:
2890         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
2891         return ret;
2892
2893 out_usage:
2894         usage(CMD_EXPORT, stderr);
2895 out_err:
2896         ret = -1;
2897         goto out_free_refglobs;
2898 }
2899
2900 /* Extract files or directories from a WIM image */
2901 static int
2902 imagex_extract(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2903 {
2904         int c;
2905         int open_flags = 0;
2906         int image;
2907         WIMStruct *wim;
2908         int ret;
2909         const tchar *wimfile;
2910         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
2911         tchar *dest_dir = T(".");
2912         int extract_flags = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NORPFIX |
2913                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS |
2914                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB;
2915         int notlist_extract_flags = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE;
2916
2917         STRING_SET(refglobs);
2918
2919         tchar *root_path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2920
2921         for_opt(c, extract_options) {
2922                 switch (c) {
2923                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2924                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2925                         break;
2926                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
2927                         /* No longer does anything.  */
2928                         break;
2929                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
2930                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
2931                         if (ret)
2932                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2933                         break;
2934                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
2935                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
2936                         break;
2937                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
2938                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
2939                         break;
2940                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
2941                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
2942                         break;
2943                 case IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION:
2944                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ATTRIBUTES;
2945                         break;
2946                 case IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION:
2947                         dest_dir = optarg;
2948                         break;
2949                 case IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION:
2950                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_TO_STDOUT;
2951                         imagex_info_file = stderr;
2952                         imagex_be_quiet = true;
2953                         set_fd_to_binary_mode(STDOUT_FILENO);
2954                         break;
2955                 case IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION:
2956                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_REPLACE_INVALID_FILENAMES;
2957                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_ALL_CASE_CONFLICTS;
2958                         break;
2959                 case IMAGEX_NO_GLOBS_OPTION:
2960                         extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS;
2961                         break;
2962                 case IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION:
2963                         extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB;
2964                         break;
2965                 case IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION:
2966                         notlist_extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE;
2967                         break;
2968                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
2969                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
2970                         break;
2971                 default:
2972                         goto out_usage;
2973                 }
2974         }
2975         argc -= optind;
2976         argv += optind;
2977
2978         if (argc < 2)
2979                 goto out_usage;
2980
2981         if (!(extract_flags & (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS |
2982                                WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB)))
2983         {
2984                 imagex_error(T("Can't combine --no-globs and --nullglob!"));
2985                 goto out_err;
2986         }
2987
2988         wimfile = argv[0];
2989         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2990
2991         argc -= 2;
2992         argv += 2;
2993
2994         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
2995                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
2996         if (ret)
2997                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2998
2999         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
3000         ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(image,
3001                                                 image_num_or_name,
3002                                                 wimfile);
3003         if (ret)
3004                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3005
3006         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
3007                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
3008                 if (ret)
3009                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3010         }
3011
3012         if (argc == 0) {
3013                 argv = &root_path;
3014                 argc = 1;
3015                 extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS;
3016         }
3017
3018         while (argc != 0 && ret == 0) {
3019                 int num_paths;
3020
3021                 for (num_paths = 0;
3022                      num_paths < argc && argv[num_paths][0] != T('@');
3023                      num_paths++)
3024                         ;
3025
3026                 if (num_paths) {
3027                         ret = wimlib_extract_paths(wim, image, dest_dir,
3028                                                    (const tchar **)argv,
3029                                                    num_paths,
3030                                                    extract_flags | notlist_extract_flags);
3031                         argc -= num_paths;
3032                         argv += num_paths;
3033                 } else {
3034                         ret = wimlib_extract_pathlist(wim, image, dest_dir,
3035                                                       argv[0] + 1,
3036                                                       extract_flags);
3037                         argc--;
3038                         argv++;
3039                 }
3040         }
3041
3042         if (ret == 0) {
3043                 if (!imagex_be_quiet)
3044                         imagex_printf(T("Done extracting files.\n"));
3045         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_PATH_DOES_NOT_EXIST) {
3046                 if ((extract_flags & (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB |
3047                                       WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS))
3048                         == (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB |
3049                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS))
3050                 {
3051                         tfprintf(stderr,
3052                                  T("Note: You can use the '--nullglob' "
3053                                    "option to ignore missing files.\n"));
3054                 }
3055                 tfprintf(stderr, T("Note: You can use `%"TS"' to see what "
3056                                    "files and directories\n"
3057                                    "      are in the WIM image.\n"),
3058                                 get_cmd_string(CMD_DIR, false));
3059         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
3060                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3061
3062                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3063                 do_resource_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info, &refglobs);
3064         }
3065 out_wimlib_free:
3066         wimlib_free(wim);
3067 out_free_refglobs:
3068         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
3069         return ret;
3070
3071 out_usage:
3072         usage(CMD_EXTRACT, stderr);
3073 out_err:
3074         ret = -1;
3075         goto out_free_refglobs;
3076 }
3077
3078 /* Prints information about a WIM file; also can mark an image as bootable,
3079  * change the name of an image, or change the description of an image. */
3080 static int
3081 imagex_info(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3082 {
3083         int c;
3084         bool boot         = false;
3085         bool check        = false;
3086         bool nocheck      = false;
3087         bool header       = false;
3088         bool lookup_table = false;
3089         bool xml          = false;
3090         bool short_header = true;
3091         const tchar *xml_out_file = NULL;
3092         const tchar *wimfile;
3093         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
3094         const tchar *new_name;
3095         const tchar *new_desc;
3096         WIMStruct *wim;
3097         int image;
3098         int ret;
3099         int open_flags = 0;
3100         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3101
3102         for_opt(c, info_options) {
3103                 switch (c) {
3104                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
3105                         boot = true;
3106                         break;
3107                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3108                         check = true;
3109                         break;
3110                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
3111                         nocheck = true;
3112                         break;
3113                 case IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION:
3114                         header = true;
3115                         short_header = false;
3116                         break;
3117                 case IMAGEX_LOOKUP_TABLE_OPTION:
3118                         lookup_table = true;
3119                         short_header = false;
3120                         break;
3121                 case IMAGEX_XML_OPTION:
3122                         xml = true;
3123                         short_header = false;
3124                         break;
3125                 case IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION:
3126                         xml_out_file = optarg;
3127                         short_header = false;
3128                         break;
3129                 case IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION:
3130                         imagex_error(T("The --metadata option has been removed. "
3131                                        "Use 'wimdir --detail' instead."));
3132                         goto out_err;
3133                 default:
3134                         goto out_usage;
3135                 }
3136         }
3137
3138         argc -= optind;
3139         argv += optind;
3140         if (argc < 1 || argc > 4)
3141                 goto out_usage;
3142
3143         wimfile           = argv[0];
3144         image_num_or_name = (argc >= 2) ? argv[1] : T("all");
3145         new_name          = (argc >= 3) ? argv[2] : NULL;
3146         new_desc          = (argc >= 4) ? argv[3] : NULL;
3147
3148         if (check && nocheck) {
3149                 imagex_error(T("Can't specify both --check and --nocheck"));
3150                 goto out_err;
3151         }
3152
3153         if (check)
3154                 open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3155
3156         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
3157                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3158         if (ret)
3159                 goto out;
3160
3161         wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3162
3163         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
3164         ret = WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
3165         if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE && tstrcmp(image_num_or_name, T("0"))) {
3166                 verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
3167                 if (boot) {
3168                         imagex_error(T("If you would like to set the boot "
3169                                        "index to 0, specify image \"0\" with "
3170                                        "the --boot flag."));
3171                 }
3172                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3173         }
3174
3175         if (boot && info.image_count == 0) {
3176                 imagex_error(T("--boot is meaningless on a WIM with no images"));
3177                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3178         }
3179
3180         if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && info.image_count > 1) {
3181                 if (boot) {
3182                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify the --boot flag "
3183                                        "without specifying a specific "
3184                                        "image in a multi-image WIM"));
3185                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3186                 }
3187                 if (new_name) {
3188                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify the NEW_NAME "
3189                                        "without specifying a specific "
3190                                        "image in a multi-image WIM"));
3191                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3192                 }
3193         }
3194
3195         /* Operations that print information are separated from operations that
3196          * recreate the WIM file. */
3197         if (!new_name && !boot) {
3198
3199                 /* Read-only operations */
3200
3201                 if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE) {
3202                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a valid image in \"%"TS"\""),
3203                                      image_num_or_name, wimfile);
3204                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3205                 }
3206
3207                 if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && short_header)
3208                         print_wim_information(wimfile, &info);
3209
3210                 if (header)
3211                         wimlib_print_header(wim);
3212
3213                 if (lookup_table) {
3214                         if (info.total_parts != 1) {
3215                                 tfprintf(stderr, T("Warning: Only showing the lookup table "
3216                                                    "for part %d of a %d-part WIM.\n"),
3217                                          info.part_number, info.total_parts);
3218                         }
3219                         print_lookup_table(wim);
3220                 }
3221
3222                 if (xml) {
3223                         ret = wimlib_extract_xml_data(wim, stdout);
3224                         if (ret)
3225                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3226                 }
3227
3228                 if (xml_out_file) {
3229                         FILE *fp;
3230
3231                         fp = tfopen(xml_out_file, T("wb"));
3232                         if (!fp) {
3233                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to open the "
3234                                                           "file \"%"TS"\" for "
3235                                                           "writing"),
3236                                                         xml_out_file);
3237                                 ret = -1;
3238                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3239                         }
3240                         ret = wimlib_extract_xml_data(wim, fp);
3241                         if (fclose(fp)) {
3242                                 imagex_error(T("Failed to close the file "
3243                                                "\"%"TS"\""),
3244                                              xml_out_file);
3245                                 ret = -1;
3246                         }
3247                         if (ret)
3248                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3249                 }
3250
3251                 if (short_header)
3252                         wimlib_print_available_images(wim, image);
3253
3254                 ret = 0;
3255         } else {
3256
3257                 /* Modification operations */
3258
3259                 if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES)
3260                         image = 1;
3261
3262                 if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE && new_name) {
3263                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify new_name (\"%"TS"\") "
3264                                        "when using image 0"), new_name);
3265                         ret = -1;
3266                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3267                 }
3268
3269                 if (boot) {
3270                         if (image == info.boot_index) {
3271                                 imagex_printf(T("Image %d is already marked as "
3272                                           "bootable.\n"), image);
3273                                 boot = false;
3274                         } else {
3275                                 imagex_printf(T("Marking image %d as bootable.\n"),
3276                                         image);
3277                                 info.boot_index = image;
3278                                 ret = wimlib_set_wim_info(wim, &info,
3279                                                           WIMLIB_CHANGE_BOOT_INDEX);
3280                                 if (ret)
3281                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3282                         }
3283                 }
3284                 if (new_name) {
3285                         if (!tstrcmp(wimlib_get_image_name(wim, image), new_name))
3286                         {
3287                                 imagex_printf(T("Image %d is already named \"%"TS"\".\n"),
3288                                         image, new_name);
3289                                 new_name = NULL;
3290                         } else {
3291                                 imagex_printf(T("Changing the name of image %d to "
3292                                           "\"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_name);
3293                                 ret = wimlib_set_image_name(wim, image, new_name);
3294                                 if (ret)
3295                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3296                         }
3297                 }
3298                 if (new_desc) {
3299                         const tchar *old_desc;
3300                         old_desc = wimlib_get_image_description(wim, image);
3301                         if (old_desc && !tstrcmp(old_desc, new_desc)) {
3302                                 imagex_printf(T("The description of image %d is already "
3303                                           "\"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_desc);
3304                                 new_desc = NULL;
3305                         } else {
3306                                 imagex_printf(T("Changing the description of image %d "
3307                                           "to \"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_desc);
3308                                 ret = wimlib_set_image_descripton(wim, image,
3309                                                                   new_desc);
3310                                 if (ret)
3311                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3312                         }
3313                 }
3314
3315                 /* Only call wimlib_overwrite() if something actually needs to
3316                  * be changed.  */
3317                 if (boot || new_name || new_desc ||
3318                     (check && !info.has_integrity_table) ||
3319                     (nocheck && info.has_integrity_table))
3320                 {
3321                         int write_flags = 0;
3322
3323                         if (check)
3324                                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3325                         if (nocheck)
3326                                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3327                         ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, 1);
3328                 } else {
3329                         imagex_printf(T("The file \"%"TS"\" was not modified "
3330                                         "because nothing needed to be done.\n"),
3331                                       wimfile);
3332                         ret = 0;
3333                 }
3334         }
3335 out_wimlib_free:
3336         wimlib_free(wim);
3337 out:
3338         return ret;
3339
3340 out_usage:
3341         usage(CMD_INFO, stderr);
3342 out_err:
3343         ret = -1;
3344         goto out;
3345 }
3346
3347 /* Join split WIMs into one part WIM */
3348 static int
3349 imagex_join(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3350 {
3351         int c;
3352         int swm_open_flags = 0;
3353         int wim_write_flags = 0;
3354         const tchar *output_path;
3355         int ret;
3356
3357         for_opt(c, join_options) {
3358                 switch (c) {
3359                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3360                         swm_open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3361                         wim_write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3362                         break;
3363                 default:
3364                         goto out_usage;
3365                 }
3366         }
3367         argc -= optind;
3368         argv += optind;
3369
3370         if (argc < 2) {
3371                 imagex_error(T("Must specify one or more split WIM (.swm) "
3372                                "parts to join"));
3373                 goto out_usage;
3374         }
3375         output_path = argv[0];
3376         ret = wimlib_join_with_progress((const tchar * const *)++argv,
3377                                         --argc,
3378                                         output_path,
3379                                         swm_open_flags,
3380                                         wim_write_flags,
3381                                         imagex_progress_func,
3382                                         NULL);
3383 out:
3384         return ret;
3385
3386 out_usage:
3387         usage(CMD_JOIN, stderr);
3388         ret = -1;
3389         goto out;
3390 }
3391
3392 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
3393
3394 /* Mounts a WIM image.  */
3395 static int
3396 imagex_mount_rw_or_ro(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3397 {
3398         int c;
3399         int mount_flags = 0;
3400         int open_flags = 0;
3401         const tchar *staging_dir = NULL;
3402         const tchar *wimfile;
3403         const tchar *dir;
3404         WIMStruct *wim;
3405         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
3406         int image;
3407         int ret;
3408
3409         STRING_SET(refglobs);
3410
3411         if (cmd == CMD_MOUNTRW) {
3412                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_READWRITE;
3413                 open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
3414         }
3415
3416         for_opt(c, mount_options) {
3417                 switch (c) {
3418                 case IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION:
3419                         mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_ALLOW_OTHER;
3420                         break;
3421                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3422                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3423                         break;
3424                 case IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION:
3425                         mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_DEBUG;
3426                         break;
3427                 case IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION:
3428                         if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("none")))
3429                                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_STREAM_INTERFACE_NONE;
3430                         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("xattr")))
3431                                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_STREAM_INTERFACE_XATTR;
3432                         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("windows")))
3433                                 mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_STREAM_INTERFACE_WINDOWS;
3434                         else {
3435                                 imagex_error(T("Unknown stream interface \"%"TS"\""),
3436                                              optarg);
3437                                 goto out_usage;
3438                         }
3439                         break;
3440                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
3441                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
3442                         if (ret)
3443                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3444                         break;
3445                 case IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION:
3446                         staging_dir = optarg;
3447                         break;
3448                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
3449                         mount_flags |= WIMLIB_MOUNT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
3450                         break;
3451                 default:
3452                         goto out_usage;
3453                 }
3454         }
3455         argc -= optind;
3456         argv += optind;
3457         if (argc != 2 && argc != 3)
3458                 goto out_usage;
3459
3460         wimfile = argv[0];
3461
3462         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
3463                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3464         if (ret)
3465                 goto out_free_refglobs;
3466
3467         wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3468
3469         if (argc >= 3) {
3470                 /* Image explicitly specified.  */
3471                 image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, argv[1]);
3472                 dir = argv[2];
3473                 ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(image, argv[1], wimfile);
3474                 if (ret)
3475                         goto out_free_wim;
3476         } else {
3477                 /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
3478                  * contains exactly one image.  */
3479
3480                 if (info.image_count != 1) {
3481                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; Please "
3482                                        "select one."), wimfile, info.image_count);
3483                         wimlib_free(wim);
3484                         goto out_usage;
3485                 }
3486                 image = 1;
3487                 dir = argv[1];
3488         }
3489
3490         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
3491                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
3492                 if (ret)
3493                         goto out_free_wim;
3494         }
3495
3496         ret = wimlib_mount_image(wim, image, dir, mount_flags, staging_dir);
3497         if (ret) {
3498                 imagex_error(T("Failed to mount image %d from \"%"TS"\" "
3499                                "on \"%"TS"\""),
3500                              image, wimfile, dir);
3501         }
3502 out_free_wim:
3503         wimlib_free(wim);
3504 out_free_refglobs:
3505         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
3506         return ret;
3507
3508 out_usage:
3509         usage(cmd, stderr);
3510         ret = -1;
3511         goto out_free_refglobs;
3512 }
3513 #endif /* WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED */
3514
3515 /* Rebuild a WIM file */
3516 static int
3517 imagex_optimize(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3518 {
3519         int c;
3520         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
3521         int write_flags = WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
3522         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
3523         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
3524         uint32_t solid_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
3525         int solid_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
3526         int ret;
3527         WIMStruct *wim;
3528         const tchar *wimfile;
3529         off_t old_size;
3530         off_t new_size;
3531         unsigned num_threads = 0;
3532
3533         for_opt(c, optimize_options) {
3534                 switch (c) {
3535                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3536                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3537                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3538                         break;
3539                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
3540                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3541                         break;
3542                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
3543                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
3544                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
3545                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
3546                                 goto out_err;
3547                         break;
3548                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
3549                         set_compress_slow();
3550                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
3551                         break;
3552                 case IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION:
3553                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
3554                         break;
3555                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
3556                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
3557                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
3558                                 goto out_err;
3559                         break;
3560                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
3561                         solid_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
3562                         if (solid_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
3563                                 goto out_err;
3564                         break;
3565                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_COMPRESS_OPTION:
3566                         solid_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
3567                         if (solid_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
3568                                 goto out_err;
3569                         break;
3570                 case IMAGEX_SOLID_OPTION:
3571                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS;
3572                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
3573                         break;
3574                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
3575                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
3576                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
3577                                 goto out_err;
3578                         break;
3579                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
3580                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
3581                         break;
3582                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
3583                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
3584                         break;
3585                 default:
3586                         goto out_usage;
3587                 }
3588         }
3589         argc -= optind;
3590         argv += optind;
3591
3592         if (argc != 1)
3593                 goto out_usage;
3594
3595         wimfile = argv[0];
3596
3597         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
3598                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3599         if (ret)
3600                 goto out;
3601
3602         if (compression_type != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
3603                 /* Change compression type.  */
3604                 ret = wimlib_set_output_compression_type(wim, compression_type);
3605                 if (ret)
3606                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3607         }
3608
3609         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
3610                 /* Change chunk size.  */
3611                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, chunk_size);
3612                 if (ret)
3613                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3614         }
3615         if (solid_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
3616                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(wim, solid_ctype);
3617                 if (ret)
3618                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3619         }
3620         if (solid_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
3621                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(wim, solid_chunk_size);
3622                 if (ret)
3623                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3624         }
3625
3626         old_size = file_get_size(wimfile);
3627         tprintf(T("\"%"TS"\" original size: "), wimfile);
3628         if (old_size == -1)
3629                 tputs(T("Unknown"));
3630         else
3631                 tprintf(T("%"PRIu64" KiB\n"), old_size >> 10);
3632
3633         ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, num_threads);
3634         if (ret) {
3635                 imagex_error(T("Optimization of \"%"TS"\" failed."), wimfile);
3636                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3637         }
3638
3639         new_size = file_get_size(wimfile);
3640         tprintf(T("\"%"TS"\" optimized size: "), wimfile);
3641         if (new_size == -1)
3642                 tputs(T("Unknown"));
3643         else
3644                 tprintf(T("%"PRIu64" KiB\n"), new_size >> 10);
3645
3646         tfputs(T("Space saved: "), stdout);
3647         if (new_size != -1 && old_size != -1) {
3648                 tprintf(T("%lld KiB\n"),
3649                        ((long long)old_size - (long long)new_size) >> 10);
3650         } else {
3651                 tputs(T("Unknown"));
3652         }
3653         ret = 0;
3654 out_wimlib_free:
3655         wimlib_free(wim);
3656 out:
3657         return ret;
3658
3659 out_usage:
3660         usage(CMD_OPTIMIZE, stderr);
3661 out_err:
3662         ret = -1;
3663         goto out;
3664 }
3665
3666 /* Split a WIM into a spanned set */
3667 static int
3668 imagex_split(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
3669 {
3670         int c;
3671         int open_flags = 0;
3672         int write_flags = 0;
3673         unsigned long part_size;
3674         tchar *tmp;
3675         int ret;
3676         WIMStruct *wim;
3677
3678         for_opt(c, split_options) {
3679                 switch (c) {
3680                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
3681                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3682                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3683                         break;
3684                 default:
3685                         goto out_usage;
3686                 }
3687         }
3688         argc -= optind;
3689         argv += optind;
3690
3691         if (argc != 3)
3692                 goto out_usage;
3693
3694         part_size = tstrtod(argv[2], &tmp) * (1 << 20);
3695         if (tmp == argv[2] || *tmp) {
3696                 imagex_error(T("Invalid part size \"%"TS"\""), argv[2]);
3697                 imagex_error(T("The part size must be an integer or "
3698                                "floating-point number of megabytes."));
3699                 goto out_err;
3700         }
3701         ret = wimlib_open_wim_with_progress(argv[0], open_flags, &wim,
3702                                             imagex_progress_func, NULL);
3703         if (ret)
3704                 goto out;
3705
3706         ret = wimlib_split(wim, argv[1], part_size, write_flags);
3707         wimlib_free(wim);
3708 out: