More logical behavior when canonicalizing WIM paths
[wimlib] / programs / imagex.c
1 /*
2  * imagex.c
3  *
4  * Use wimlib to create, modify, extract, mount, unmount, or display information
5  * about a WIM file
6  */
7
8 /*
9  * Copyright (C) 2012, 2013, 2014 Eric Biggers
10  *
11  * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
12  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
13  * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
14  * (at your option) any later version.
15  *
16  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
17  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
18  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
19  * GNU General Public License for more details.
20  *
21  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
22  * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
23  */
24
25 #ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
26 #  include "config.h" /* Need for PACKAGE_VERSION, etc. */
27 #endif
28
29 #include "wimlib.h"
30 #include "wimlib_tchar.h"
31
32 #include <ctype.h>
33 #include <errno.h>
34
35 #include <inttypes.h>
36 #include <libgen.h>
37 #include <limits.h>
38 #include <stdarg.h>
39 #include <stdlib.h>
40 #include <string.h>
41 #include <sys/stat.h>
42 #include <unistd.h>
43 #include <locale.h>
44
45 #ifdef HAVE_ALLOCA_H
46 #  include <alloca.h>
47 #endif
48
49 #ifdef __WIN32__
50 #  include "imagex-win32.h"
51 #  define print_security_descriptor     win32_print_security_descriptor
52 #else /* __WIN32__ */
53 #  include <getopt.h>
54 #  include <langinfo.h>
55 #  define print_security_descriptor     default_print_security_descriptor
56 static inline void set_fd_to_binary_mode(int fd)
57 {
58 }
59 #endif /* !__WIN32 */
60
61 /* Don't confuse the user by presenting the mounting commands on Windows when
62  * they will never work.  However on UNIX-like systems we always present them,
63  * even if WITH_FUSE is not defined at this point, as to not tie the build of
64  * wimlib-imagex to a specific build of wimlib.  */
65 #ifdef __WIN32__
66 #  define WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED 0
67 #else
68 #  define WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED 1
69 #endif
70
71 #define ARRAY_LEN(array) (sizeof(array) / sizeof(array[0]))
72
73 static inline bool
74 is_any_path_separator(tchar c)
75 {
76         return c == T('/') || c == T('\\');
77 }
78
79 /* Like basename(), but handles both forward and backwards slashes.  */
80 static tchar *
81 tbasename(tchar *path)
82 {
83         tchar *p = tstrchr(path, T('\0'));
84
85         for (;;) {
86                 if (p == path)
87                         return path;
88                 if (!is_any_path_separator(*--p))
89                         break;
90                 *p = T('\0');
91         }
92
93         for (;;) {
94                 if (p == path)
95                         return path;
96                 if (is_any_path_separator(*--p))
97                         return ++p;
98         }
99 }
100
101 #define for_opt(c, opts) while ((c = getopt_long_only(argc, (tchar**)argv, T(""), \
102                                 opts, NULL)) != -1)
103
104 enum {
105         CMD_NONE = -1,
106         CMD_APPEND = 0,
107         CMD_APPLY,
108         CMD_CAPTURE,
109         CMD_DELETE,
110         CMD_DIR,
111         CMD_EXPORT,
112         CMD_EXTRACT,
113         CMD_INFO,
114         CMD_JOIN,
115 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
116         CMD_MOUNT,
117         CMD_MOUNTRW,
118 #endif
119         CMD_OPTIMIZE,
120         CMD_SPLIT,
121 #if WIM_MOUNTING_SUPPORTED
122         CMD_UNMOUNT,
123 #endif
124         CMD_UPDATE,
125         CMD_MAX,
126 };
127
128 static void usage(int cmd, FILE *fp);
129 static void usage_all(FILE *fp);
130 static void recommend_man_page(int cmd, FILE *fp);
131 static const tchar *get_cmd_string(int cmd, bool nospace);
132
133 static int imagex_progress_func(enum wimlib_progress_msg msg,
134                                 const union wimlib_progress_info *info);
135
136 static bool imagex_be_quiet = false;
137 static FILE *imagex_info_file;
138
139 #define imagex_printf(format, ...) \
140                 tfprintf(imagex_info_file, format, ##__VA_ARGS__)
141
142 enum {
143         IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION,
144         IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION,
145         IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION,
146         IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION,
147         IMAGEX_COMMAND_OPTION,
148         IMAGEX_COMMIT_OPTION,
149         IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION,
150         IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION,
151         IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION,
152         IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION,
153         IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION,
154         IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION,
155         IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION,
156         IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION,
157         IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION,
158         IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION,
159         IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION,
160         IMAGEX_HARDLINK_OPTION,
161         IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION,
162         IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION,
163         IMAGEX_LAZY_OPTION,
164         IMAGEX_LOOKUP_TABLE_OPTION,
165         IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION,
166         IMAGEX_NEW_IMAGE_OPTION,
167         IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION,
168         IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION,
169         IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION,
170         IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION,
171         IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION,
172         IMAGEX_NO_REPLACE_OPTION,
173         IMAGEX_NO_WILDCARDS_OPTION,
174         IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION,
175         IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION,
176         IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION,
177         IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION,
178         IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION,
179         IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION,
180         IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION,
181         IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION,
182         IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION,
183         IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION,
184         IMAGEX_RECURSIVE_OPTION,
185         IMAGEX_REF_OPTION,
186         IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION,
187         IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION,
188         IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION,
189         IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION,
190         IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION,
191         IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION,
192         IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION,
193         IMAGEX_SYMLINK_OPTION,
194         IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION,
195         IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION,
196         IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION,
197         IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION,
198         IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION,
199         IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION,
200         IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_CONFIG_OPTION,
201         IMAGEX_XML_OPTION,
202 };
203
204 static const struct option apply_options[] = {
205         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
206         {T("hardlink"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_HARDLINK_OPTION},
207         {T("symlink"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SYMLINK_OPTION},
208         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
209         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
210         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
211         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
212         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
213         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
214         {T("no-attributes"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION},
215         {T("rpfix"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION},
216         {T("norpfix"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION},
217         {T("include-invalid-names"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION},
218
219         /* --resume is undocumented for now as it needs improvement.  */
220         {T("resume"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION},
221         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
222         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
223 };
224
225 static const struct option capture_or_append_options[] = {
226         {T("boot"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
227         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
228         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
229         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
230         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
231         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
232         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
233         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
234         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
235         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION},
236         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION},
237         {T("pack-streams"), no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION},
238         {T("solid"),       no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION},
239         {T("config"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION},
240         {T("dereference"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
241         {T("flags"),       required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION},
242         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
243         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
244         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
245         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
246         {T("source-list"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION},
247         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
248         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
249         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
250         {T("rpfix"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION},
251         {T("norpfix"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION},
252         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
253         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
254         {T("update-of"),   required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION},
255         {T("delta-from"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION},
256         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
257         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
258 };
259
260 static const struct option delete_options[] = {
261         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
262         {T("soft"),  no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION},
263         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
264 };
265
266 static const struct option dir_options[] = {
267         {T("path"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION},
268         {T("detailed"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION},
269         {T("one-file-only"), no_argument,  NULL, IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION},
270         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
271 };
272
273 static const struct option export_options[] = {
274         {T("boot"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
275         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
276         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
277         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
278         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
279         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
280         {T("pack-streams"),no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION},
281         {T("solid"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION},
282         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
283         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
284         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
285         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION},
286         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION},
287         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
288         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
289         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
290         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
291         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
292         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
293 };
294
295 static const struct option extract_options[] = {
296         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
297         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
298         {T("ref"),         required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
299         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
300         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
301         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
302         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
303         {T("no-attributes"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION},
304         {T("dest-dir"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION},
305         {T("to-stdout"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION},
306         {T("include-invalid-names"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION},
307         {T("no-wildcards"), no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NO_WILDCARDS_OPTION},
308         {T("nullglob"),     no_argument,      NULL, IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION},
309         {T("preserve-dir-structure"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION},
310         {T("wimboot"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION},
311         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
312 };
313
314 static const struct option info_options[] = {
315         {T("boot"),         no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION},
316         {T("check"),        no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
317         {T("nocheck"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
318         {T("no-check"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
319         {T("extract-xml"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION},
320         {T("header"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION},
321         {T("lookup-table"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_LOOKUP_TABLE_OPTION},
322         {T("metadata"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION},
323         {T("xml"),          no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_XML_OPTION},
324         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
325 };
326
327 static const struct option join_options[] = {
328         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
329         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
330 };
331
332 static const struct option mount_options[] = {
333         {T("check"),             no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
334         {T("debug"),             no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEBUG_OPTION},
335         {T("streams-interface"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_STREAMS_INTERFACE_OPTION},
336         {T("ref"),               required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REF_OPTION},
337         {T("staging-dir"),       required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_STAGING_DIR_OPTION},
338         {T("unix-data"),         no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
339         {T("allow-other"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_ALLOW_OTHER_OPTION},
340         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
341 };
342
343 static const struct option optimize_options[] = {
344         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
345         {T("nocheck"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
346         {T("no-check"),    no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION},
347         {T("compress"),    required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION},
348         {T("recompress"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECOMPRESS_OPTION},
349         {T("compress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
350         {T("recompress-slow"), no_argument,     NULL, IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION},
351         {T("chunk-size"),  required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
352         {T("pack-chunk-size"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
353         {T("solid-chunk-size"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION},
354         {T("pack-compress"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION},
355         {T("solid-compress"),required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION},
356         {T("pack-streams"),no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION},
357         {T("solid"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION},
358         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
359         {T("pipable"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION},
360         {T("not-pipable"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION},
361         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
362 };
363
364 static const struct option split_options[] = {
365         {T("check"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
366         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
367 };
368
369 static const struct option unmount_options[] = {
370         {T("commit"),  no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMMIT_OPTION},
371         {T("check"),   no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
372         {T("rebuild"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
373         {T("lazy"),    no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_LAZY_OPTION},
374         {T("new-image"), no_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_NEW_IMAGE_OPTION},
375         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
376 };
377
378 static const struct option update_options[] = {
379         /* Careful: some of the options here set the defaults for update
380          * commands, but the flags given to an actual update command (and not to
381          * `imagex update' itself are also handled in
382          * update_command_add_option().  */
383         {T("threads"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION},
384         {T("check"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION},
385         {T("rebuild"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION},
386         {T("command"),     required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_COMMAND_OPTION},
387         {T("wimboot-config"), required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_CONFIG_OPTION},
388
389         /* Default delete options */
390         {T("force"),       no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_FORCE_OPTION},
391         {T("recursive"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_RECURSIVE_OPTION},
392
393         /* Global add option */
394         {T("config"),      required_argument, NULL, IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION},
395
396         /* Default add options */
397         {T("verbose"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION},
398         {T("dereference"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
399         {T("unix-data"),   no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION},
400         {T("noacls"),      no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
401         {T("no-acls"),     no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION},
402         {T("strict-acls"), no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION},
403         {T("no-replace"),  no_argument,       NULL, IMAGEX_NO_REPLACE_OPTION},
404
405         {NULL, 0, NULL, 0},
406 };
407
408 #if 0
409 #       define _format_attribute(type, format_str, args_start) \
410                         __attribute__((format(type, format_str, args_start)))
411 #else
412 #       define _format_attribute(type, format_str, args_start)
413 #endif
414
415 /* Print formatted error message to stderr. */
416 static void _format_attribute(printf, 1, 2)
417 imagex_error(const tchar *format, ...)
418 {
419         va_list va;
420         va_start(va, format);
421         tfputs(T("ERROR: "), stderr);
422         tvfprintf(stderr, format, va);
423         tputc(T('\n'), stderr);
424         va_end(va);
425 }
426
427 /* Print formatted error message to stderr. */
428 static void _format_attribute(printf, 1, 2)
429 imagex_error_with_errno(const tchar *format, ...)
430 {
431         int errno_save = errno;
432         va_list va;
433         va_start(va, format);
434         tfputs(T("ERROR: "), stderr);
435         tvfprintf(stderr, format, va);
436         tfprintf(stderr, T(": %"TS"\n"), tstrerror(errno_save));
437         va_end(va);
438 }
439
440 static int
441 verify_image_exists(int image, const tchar *image_name, const tchar *wim_name)
442 {
443         if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE) {
444                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a valid image in \"%"TS"\"!\n"
445                              "       Please specify a 1-based image index or "
446                              "image name.  To list the images\n"
447                              "       contained in the WIM archive, run\n"
448                              "\n"
449                              "           %"TS" \"%"TS"\"\n"),
450                              image_name, wim_name,
451                              get_cmd_string(CMD_INFO, false), wim_name);
452                 return WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
453         }
454         return 0;
455 }
456
457 static int
458 verify_image_is_single(int image)
459 {
460         if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES) {
461                 imagex_error(T("Cannot specify all images for this action!"));
462                 return WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
463         }
464         return 0;
465 }
466
467 static int
468 verify_image_exists_and_is_single(int image, const tchar *image_name,
469                                   const tchar *wim_name)
470 {
471         int ret;
472         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_name, wim_name);
473         if (ret == 0)
474                 ret = verify_image_is_single(image);
475         return ret;
476 }
477
478 /* Parse the argument to --compress */
479 static int
480 get_compression_type(const tchar *optarg)
481 {
482         if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("maximum")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("lzx")))
483                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX;
484         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("fast")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("xpress")))
485                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
486         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("recovery")) || !tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("lzms")))
487                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS;
488         else if (!tstrcasecmp(optarg, T("none")))
489                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_NONE;
490         else {
491                 imagex_error(T("Invalid compression type \"%"TS"\"! Must be "
492                              "\"maximum\", \"fast\", or \"none\"."), optarg);
493                 return WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
494         }
495 }
496
497 static void
498 set_compress_slow(void)
499 {
500         static const struct wimlib_lzx_compressor_params lzx_slow_params = {
501                 .hdr = {
502                         .size = sizeof(struct wimlib_lzx_compressor_params),
503                 },
504                 .algorithm = WIMLIB_LZX_ALGORITHM_SLOW,
505                 .alg_params = {
506                         .slow = {
507                                 .use_len2_matches = 1,
508                                 .nice_match_length = 96,
509                                 .num_optim_passes = 4,
510                                 .max_search_depth = 100,
511                                 .max_matches_per_pos = 10,
512                                 .main_nostat_cost = 15,
513                                 .len_nostat_cost = 15,
514                                 .aligned_nostat_cost = 7,
515                         },
516                 },
517         };
518
519         static const struct wimlib_lzms_compressor_params lzms_slow_params = {
520                 .hdr = {
521                         .size = sizeof(struct wimlib_lzms_compressor_params),
522                 },
523                 .min_match_length = 2,
524                 .max_match_length = UINT32_MAX,
525                 .nice_match_length = 96,
526                 .max_search_depth = 100,
527                 .max_matches_per_pos = 10,
528                 .optim_array_length = 1024,
529         };
530
531         wimlib_set_default_compressor_params(WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX,
532                                              &lzx_slow_params.hdr);
533
534         wimlib_set_default_compressor_params(WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZMS,
535                                              &lzms_slow_params.hdr);
536 }
537
538 struct string_set {
539         const tchar **strings;
540         unsigned num_strings;
541         unsigned num_alloc_strings;
542 };
543
544 #define STRING_SET_INITIALIZER \
545         { .strings = NULL, .num_strings = 0, .num_alloc_strings = 0, }
546
547 #define STRING_SET(_strings) \
548         struct string_set _strings = STRING_SET_INITIALIZER
549
550 static int
551 string_set_append(struct string_set *set, const tchar *glob)
552 {
553         unsigned num_alloc_strings = set->num_alloc_strings;
554
555         if (set->num_strings == num_alloc_strings) {
556                 const tchar **new_strings;
557
558                 num_alloc_strings += 4;
559                 new_strings = realloc(set->strings,
560                                       sizeof(set->strings[0]) * num_alloc_strings);
561                 if (!new_strings) {
562                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
563                         return -1;
564                 }
565                 set->strings = new_strings;
566                 set->num_alloc_strings = num_alloc_strings;
567         }
568         set->strings[set->num_strings++] = glob;
569         return 0;
570 }
571
572 static void
573 string_set_destroy(struct string_set *set)
574 {
575         free(set->strings);
576 }
577
578 static int
579 wim_reference_globs(WIMStruct *wim, struct string_set *set, int open_flags)
580 {
581         return wimlib_reference_resource_files(wim, set->strings,
582                                                set->num_strings,
583                                                WIMLIB_REF_FLAG_GLOB_ENABLE,
584                                                open_flags,
585                                                imagex_progress_func);
586 }
587
588 static void
589 do_resource_not_found_warning(const tchar *wimfile,
590                               const struct wimlib_wim_info *info,
591                               const struct string_set *refglobs)
592 {
593         if (info->total_parts > 1) {
594                 if (refglobs->num_strings == 0) {
595                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is part of a split WIM. "
596                                        "Use --ref to specify the other parts."),
597                                      wimfile);
598                 } else {
599                         imagex_error(T("Perhaps the '--ref' argument did not "
600                                        "specify all other parts of the split "
601                                        "WIM?"));
602                 }
603         } else {
604                 imagex_error(T("If this is a delta WIM, use the --ref argument "
605                                "to specify the WIM(s) on which it is based."));
606         }
607 }
608
609 /* Returns the size of a file given its name, or -1 if the file does not exist
610  * or its size cannot be determined.  */
611 static off_t
612 file_get_size(const tchar *filename)
613 {
614         struct stat st;
615         if (tstat(filename, &st) == 0)
616                 return st.st_size;
617         else
618                 return (off_t)-1;
619 }
620
621 enum {
622         PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS = 0,
623         PARSE_STRING_FAILURE = 1,
624         PARSE_STRING_NONE = 2,
625 };
626
627 /*
628  * Parses a string token from an array of characters.
629  *
630  * Tokens are either whitespace-delimited, or double or single-quoted.
631  *
632  * @line_p:  Pointer to the pointer to the line of data.  Will be updated
633  *           to point past the string token iff the return value is
634  *           PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS.  If *len_p > 0, (*line_p)[*len_p - 1] must
635  *           be '\0'.
636  *
637  * @len_p:   @len_p initially stores the length of the line of data, which may
638  *           be 0, and it will be updated to the number of bytes remaining in
639  *           the line iff the return value is PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS.
640  *
641  * @fn_ret:  Iff the return value is PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS, a pointer to the
642  *           parsed string token will be returned here.
643  *
644  * Returns: PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS if a string token was successfully parsed; or
645  *          PARSE_STRING_FAILURE if the data was invalid due to a missing
646  *          closing quote; or PARSE_STRING_NONE if the line ended before the
647  *          beginning of a string token was found.
648  */
649 static int
650 parse_string(tchar **line_p, size_t *len_p, tchar **fn_ret)
651 {
652         size_t len = *len_p;
653         tchar *line = *line_p;
654         tchar *fn;
655         tchar quote_char;
656
657         /* Skip leading whitespace */
658         for (;;) {
659                 if (len == 0)
660                         return PARSE_STRING_NONE;
661                 if (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'))
662                         break;
663                 line++;
664                 len--;
665         }
666         quote_char = *line;
667         if (quote_char == T('"') || quote_char == T('\'')) {
668                 /* Quoted string */
669                 line++;
670                 len--;
671                 fn = line;
672                 line = tmemchr(line, quote_char, len);
673                 if (!line) {
674                         imagex_error(T("Missing closing quote: %"TS), fn - 1);
675                         return PARSE_STRING_FAILURE;
676                 }
677         } else {
678                 /* Unquoted string.  Go until whitespace.  Line is terminated
679                  * by '\0', so no need to check 'len'. */
680                 fn = line;
681                 do {
682                         line++;
683                 } while (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'));
684         }
685         *line = T('\0');
686         len -= line - fn;
687         *len_p = len;
688         *line_p = line;
689         *fn_ret = fn;
690         return PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS;
691 }
692
693 /* Parses a line of data (not an empty line or comment) in the source list file
694  * format.  (See the man page for 'wimlib-imagex capture' for details on this
695  * format and the meaning.)
696  *
697  * @line:  Line of data to be parsed.  line[len - 1] must be '\0', unless
698  *         len == 0.  The data in @line will be modified by this function call.
699  *
700  * @len:   Length of the line of data.
701  *
702  * @source:  On success, the capture source and target described by the line is
703  *           written into this destination.  Note that it will contain pointers
704  *           to data in the @line array.
705  *
706  * Returns true if the line was valid; false otherwise.  */
707 static bool
708 parse_source_list_line(tchar *line, size_t len,
709                        struct wimlib_capture_source *source)
710 {
711         /* SOURCE [DEST] */
712         int ret;
713         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &source->fs_source_path);
714         if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS)
715                 return false;
716         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &source->wim_target_path);
717         if (ret == PARSE_STRING_NONE)
718                 source->wim_target_path = source->fs_source_path;
719         return ret != PARSE_STRING_FAILURE;
720 }
721
722 /* Returns %true if the given line of length @len > 0 is a comment or empty line
723  * in the source list file format. */
724 static bool
725 is_comment_line(const tchar *line, size_t len)
726 {
727         for (;;) {
728                 if (*line == T('#') || *line == T(';'))
729                         return true;
730                 if (!istspace(*line) && *line != T('\0'))
731                         return false;
732                 ++line;
733                 --len;
734                 if (len == 0)
735                         return true;
736         }
737 }
738
739 static ssize_t
740 text_file_count_lines(tchar **contents_p, size_t *nchars_p)
741 {
742         ssize_t nlines = 0;
743         tchar *contents = *contents_p;
744         size_t nchars = *nchars_p;
745         size_t i;
746
747         for (i = 0; i < nchars; i++)
748                 if (contents[i] == T('\n'))
749                         nlines++;
750
751         /* Handle last line not terminated by a newline */
752         if (nchars != 0 && contents[nchars - 1] != T('\n')) {
753                 contents = realloc(contents, (nchars + 1) * sizeof(tchar));
754                 if (!contents) {
755                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
756                         return -1;
757                 }
758                 contents[nchars] = T('\n');
759                 *contents_p = contents;
760                 nchars++;
761                 nlines++;
762         }
763         *nchars_p = nchars;
764         return nlines;
765 }
766
767 /* Parses a file in the source list format.  (See the man page for
768  * 'wimlib-imagex capture' for details on this format and the meaning.)
769  *
770  * @source_list_contents:  Contents of the source list file.  Note that this
771  *                         buffer will be modified to save memory allocations,
772  *                         and cannot be freed until the returned array of
773  *                         wimlib_capture_source's has also been freed.
774  *
775  * @source_list_nbytes:    Number of bytes of data in the @source_list_contents
776  *                         buffer.
777  *
778  * @nsources_ret:          On success, the length of the returned array is
779  *                         returned here.
780  *
781  * Returns:   An array of `struct wimlib_capture_source's that can be passed to
782  * the wimlib_add_image_multisource() function to specify how a WIM image is to
783  * be created.  */
784 static struct wimlib_capture_source *
785 parse_source_list(tchar **source_list_contents_p, size_t source_list_nchars,
786                   size_t *nsources_ret)
787 {
788         ssize_t nlines;
789         tchar *p;
790         struct wimlib_capture_source *sources;
791         size_t i, j;
792
793         nlines = text_file_count_lines(source_list_contents_p,
794                                        &source_list_nchars);
795         if (nlines < 0)
796                 return NULL;
797
798         /* Always allocate at least 1 slot, just in case the implementation of
799          * calloc() returns NULL if 0 bytes are requested. */
800         sources = calloc(nlines ?: 1, sizeof(*sources));
801         if (!sources) {
802                 imagex_error(T("out of memory"));
803                 return NULL;
804         }
805         p = *source_list_contents_p;
806         j = 0;
807         for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++) {
808                 /* XXX: Could use rawmemchr() here instead, but it may not be
809                  * available on all platforms. */
810                 tchar *endp = tmemchr(p, T('\n'), source_list_nchars);
811                 size_t len = endp - p + 1;
812                 *endp = T('\0');
813                 if (!is_comment_line(p, len)) {
814                         if (!parse_source_list_line(p, len, &sources[j++])) {
815                                 free(sources);
816                                 return NULL;
817                         }
818                 }
819                 p = endp + 1;
820
821         }
822         *nsources_ret = j;
823         return sources;
824 }
825
826 /* Reads the contents of a file into memory. */
827 static char *
828 file_get_contents(const tchar *filename, size_t *len_ret)
829 {
830         struct stat stbuf;
831         void *buf = NULL;
832         size_t len;
833         FILE *fp;
834
835         if (tstat(filename, &stbuf) != 0) {
836                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat the file \"%"TS"\""), filename);
837                 goto out;
838         }
839         len = stbuf.st_size;
840
841         fp = tfopen(filename, T("rb"));
842         if (!fp) {
843                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to open the file \"%"TS"\""), filename);
844                 goto out;
845         }
846
847         buf = malloc(len ? len : 1);
848         if (!buf) {
849                 imagex_error(T("Failed to allocate buffer of %zu bytes to hold "
850                                "contents of file \"%"TS"\""), len, filename);
851                 goto out_fclose;
852         }
853         if (fread(buf, 1, len, fp) != len) {
854                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to read %zu bytes from the "
855                                           "file \"%"TS"\""), len, filename);
856                 goto out_free_buf;
857         }
858         *len_ret = len;
859         goto out_fclose;
860 out_free_buf:
861         free(buf);
862         buf = NULL;
863 out_fclose:
864         fclose(fp);
865 out:
866         return buf;
867 }
868
869 /* Read standard input until EOF and return the full contents in a malloc()ed
870  * buffer and the number of bytes of data in @len_ret.  Returns NULL on read
871  * error. */
872 static char *
873 stdin_get_contents(size_t *len_ret)
874 {
875         /* stdin can, of course, be a pipe or other non-seekable file, so the
876          * total length of the data cannot be pre-determined */
877         char *buf = NULL;
878         size_t newlen = 1024;
879         size_t pos = 0;
880         size_t inc = 1024;
881         for (;;) {
882                 char *p = realloc(buf, newlen);
883                 size_t bytes_read, bytes_to_read;
884                 if (!p) {
885                         imagex_error(T("out of memory while reading stdin"));
886                         break;
887                 }
888                 buf = p;
889                 bytes_to_read = newlen - pos;
890                 bytes_read = fread(&buf[pos], 1, bytes_to_read, stdin);
891                 pos += bytes_read;
892                 if (bytes_read != bytes_to_read) {
893                         if (feof(stdin)) {
894                                 *len_ret = pos;
895                                 return buf;
896                         } else {
897                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("error reading stdin"));
898                                 break;
899                         }
900                 }
901                 newlen += inc;
902                 inc *= 3;
903                 inc /= 2;
904         }
905         free(buf);
906         return NULL;
907 }
908
909
910 static tchar *
911 translate_text_to_tstr(char *text, size_t num_bytes, size_t *num_tchars_ret)
912 {
913 #ifndef __WIN32__
914         /* On non-Windows, assume an ASCII-compatible encoding, such as UTF-8.
915          * */
916         *num_tchars_ret = num_bytes;
917         return text;
918 #else /* !__WIN32__ */
919         /* On Windows, translate the text to UTF-16LE */
920         wchar_t *text_wstr;
921         size_t num_wchars;
922
923         if (num_bytes >= 2 &&
924             (((unsigned char)text[0] == 0xff && (unsigned char)text[1] == 0xfe) ||
925              ((unsigned char)text[0] <= 0x7f && (unsigned char)text[1] == 0x00)))
926         {
927                 /* File begins with 0xfeff, the BOM for UTF-16LE, or it begins
928                  * with something that looks like an ASCII character encoded as
929                  * a UTF-16LE code unit.  Assume the file is encoded as
930                  * UTF-16LE.  This is not a 100% reliable check. */
931                 num_wchars = num_bytes / 2;
932                 text_wstr = (wchar_t*)text;
933         } else {
934                 /* File does not look like UTF-16LE.  Assume it is encoded in
935                  * the current Windows code page.  I think these are always
936                  * ASCII-compatible, so any so-called "plain-text" (ASCII) files
937                  * should work as expected. */
938                 text_wstr = win32_mbs_to_wcs(text,
939                                              num_bytes,
940                                              &num_wchars);
941                 free(text);
942         }
943         *num_tchars_ret = num_wchars;
944         return text_wstr;
945 #endif /* __WIN32__ */
946 }
947
948 static tchar *
949 file_get_text_contents(const tchar *filename, size_t *num_tchars_ret)
950 {
951         char *contents;
952         size_t num_bytes;
953
954         contents = file_get_contents(filename, &num_bytes);
955         if (!contents)
956                 return NULL;
957         return translate_text_to_tstr(contents, num_bytes, num_tchars_ret);
958 }
959
960 static tchar *
961 stdin_get_text_contents(size_t *num_tchars_ret)
962 {
963         char *contents;
964         size_t num_bytes;
965
966         contents = stdin_get_contents(&num_bytes);
967         if (!contents)
968                 return NULL;
969         return translate_text_to_tstr(contents, num_bytes, num_tchars_ret);
970 }
971
972 #define TO_PERCENT(numerator, denominator) \
973         (((denominator) == 0) ? 0 : ((numerator) * 100 / (denominator)))
974
975 #define GIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000000000ULL
976 #define MEBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000000ULL
977 #define KIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES 10000ULL
978
979 static unsigned
980 get_unit(uint64_t total_bytes, const tchar **name_ret)
981 {
982         if (total_bytes >= GIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
983                 *name_ret = T("GiB");
984                 return 30;
985         } else if (total_bytes >= MEBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
986                 *name_ret = T("MiB");
987                 return 20;
988         } else if (total_bytes >= KIBIBYTE_MIN_NBYTES) {
989                 *name_ret = T("KiB");
990                 return 10;
991         } else {
992                 *name_ret = T("bytes");
993                 return 0;
994         }
995 }
996
997 static struct wimlib_progress_info_scan last_scan_progress;
998
999 static void
1000 report_scan_progress(const struct wimlib_progress_info_scan *scan, bool done)
1001 {
1002         uint64_t prev_count, cur_count;
1003
1004         prev_count = last_scan_progress.num_nondirs_scanned +
1005                      last_scan_progress.num_dirs_scanned;
1006         cur_count = scan->num_nondirs_scanned + scan->num_dirs_scanned;
1007
1008         if (done || prev_count == 0 || cur_count >= prev_count + 100 ||
1009             cur_count % 128 == 0)
1010         {
1011                 unsigned unit_shift;
1012                 const tchar *unit_name;
1013
1014                 unit_shift = get_unit(scan->num_bytes_scanned, &unit_name);
1015                 imagex_printf(T("\r%"PRIu64" %"TS" scanned (%"PRIu64" files, "
1016                                 "%"PRIu64" directories)    "),
1017                               scan->num_bytes_scanned >> unit_shift,
1018                               unit_name,
1019                               scan->num_nondirs_scanned,
1020                               scan->num_dirs_scanned);
1021                 last_scan_progress = *scan;
1022         }
1023 }
1024
1025 /* Progress callback function passed to various wimlib functions. */
1026 static int
1027 imagex_progress_func(enum wimlib_progress_msg msg,
1028                      const union wimlib_progress_info *info)
1029 {
1030         unsigned percent_done;
1031         unsigned unit_shift;
1032         const tchar *unit_name;
1033
1034         if (imagex_be_quiet)
1035                 return 0;
1036         switch (msg) {
1037         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_WRITE_STREAMS:
1038                 {
1039                         static bool first = true;
1040                         if (first) {
1041                                 imagex_printf(T("Writing %"TS"-compressed data "
1042                                                 "using %u thread%"TS"\n"),
1043                                               wimlib_get_compression_type_string(
1044                                                         info->write_streams.compression_type),
1045                                         info->write_streams.num_threads,
1046                                         (info->write_streams.num_threads == 1) ? T("") : T("s"));
1047                                 first = false;
1048                         }
1049                 }
1050                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->write_streams.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1051                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->write_streams.completed_bytes,
1052                                           info->write_streams.total_bytes);
1053
1054                 imagex_printf(T("\r%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (uncompressed) "
1055                         "written (%u%% done)"),
1056                         info->write_streams.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1057                         unit_name,
1058                         info->write_streams.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1059                         unit_name,
1060                         percent_done);
1061                 if (info->write_streams.completed_bytes >= info->write_streams.total_bytes)
1062                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1063                 break;
1064         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_BEGIN:
1065                 imagex_printf(T("Scanning \"%"TS"\""), info->scan.source);
1066                 if (WIMLIB_IS_WIM_ROOT_PATH(info->scan.wim_target_path)) {
1067                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1068                 } else {
1069                         imagex_printf(T(" (loading as WIM path: \"%"TS"\")...\n"),
1070                                       info->scan.wim_target_path);
1071                 }
1072                 memset(&last_scan_progress, 0, sizeof(last_scan_progress));
1073                 break;
1074         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_DENTRY:
1075                 switch (info->scan.status) {
1076                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_OK:
1077                         report_scan_progress(&info->scan, false);
1078                         break;
1079                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_EXCLUDED:
1080                         imagex_printf(T("\nExcluding \"%"TS"\" from capture\n"), info->scan.cur_path);
1081                         break;
1082                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_UNSUPPORTED:
1083                         imagex_printf(T("\nWARNING: Excluding unsupported file or directory\n"
1084                                         "         \"%"TS"\" from capture\n"), info->scan.cur_path);
1085                         break;
1086                 case WIMLIB_SCAN_DENTRY_EXCLUDED_SYMLINK:
1087                         imagex_printf(T("\nWARNING: Ignoring absolute symbolic link "
1088                                         "with out-of-tree target:\n"
1089                                         "           \"%"TS"\" => \"%"TS"\"\n"
1090                                         "           (Use --norpfix to capture "
1091                                         "absolute symbolic links as-is)\n"),
1092                                         info->scan.cur_path, info->scan.symlink_target);
1093                         break;
1094                 }
1095                 break;
1096         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SCAN_END:
1097                 report_scan_progress(&info->scan, true);
1098                 imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1099                 break;
1100         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_VERIFY_INTEGRITY:
1101                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->integrity.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1102                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->integrity.completed_bytes,
1103                                           info->integrity.total_bytes);
1104                 imagex_printf(T("\rVerifying integrity of \"%"TS"\": %"PRIu64" %"TS" "
1105                         "of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1106                         info->integrity.filename,
1107                         info->integrity.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1108                         unit_name,
1109                         info->integrity.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1110                         unit_name,
1111                         percent_done);
1112                 if (info->integrity.completed_bytes == info->integrity.total_bytes)
1113                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1114                 break;
1115         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_CALC_INTEGRITY:
1116                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->integrity.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1117                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->integrity.completed_bytes,
1118                                           info->integrity.total_bytes);
1119                 imagex_printf(T("\rCalculating integrity table for WIM: %"PRIu64" %"TS" "
1120                           "of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1121                         info->integrity.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1122                         unit_name,
1123                         info->integrity.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1124                         unit_name,
1125                         percent_done);
1126                 if (info->integrity.completed_bytes == info->integrity.total_bytes)
1127                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1128                 break;
1129         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_IMAGE_BEGIN:
1130                 imagex_printf(T("Applying image %d (\"%"TS"\") from \"%"TS"\" "
1131                           "to %"TS" \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1132                         info->extract.image,
1133                         info->extract.image_name,
1134                         info->extract.wimfile_name,
1135                         ((info->extract.extract_flags & WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS) ?
1136                          T("NTFS volume") : T("directory")),
1137                         info->extract.target);
1138                 break;
1139         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_STREAMS:
1140                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->extract.completed_bytes,
1141                                           info->extract.total_bytes);
1142                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->extract.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1143                 imagex_printf(T("\rExtracting files: "
1144                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" of %"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) done"),
1145                         info->extract.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1146                         unit_name,
1147                         info->extract.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1148                         unit_name,
1149                         percent_done);
1150                 if (info->extract.completed_bytes >= info->extract.total_bytes)
1151                         imagex_printf(T("\n"));
1152                 break;
1153         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_SPWM_PART_BEGIN:
1154                 if (info->extract.total_parts != 1) {
1155                         imagex_printf(T("\nReading split pipable WIM part %u of %u\n"),
1156                                       info->extract.part_number,
1157                                       info->extract.total_parts);
1158                 }
1159                 break;
1160         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_APPLY_TIMESTAMPS:
1161                 imagex_printf(T("Setting timestamps on all extracted files...\n"));
1162                 break;
1163         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_EXTRACT_IMAGE_END:
1164                 if (info->extract.extract_flags & WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS) {
1165                         imagex_printf(T("Unmounting NTFS volume \"%"TS"\"...\n"),
1166                                 info->extract.target);
1167                 }
1168                 break;
1169         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SPLIT_BEGIN_PART:
1170                 percent_done = TO_PERCENT(info->split.completed_bytes,
1171                                           info->split.total_bytes);
1172                 unit_shift = get_unit(info->split.total_bytes, &unit_name);
1173                 imagex_printf(T("Writing \"%"TS"\" (part %u of %u): %"PRIu64" %"TS" of "
1174                           "%"PRIu64" %"TS" (%u%%) written\n"),
1175                         info->split.part_name,
1176                         info->split.cur_part_number,
1177                         info->split.total_parts,
1178                         info->split.completed_bytes >> unit_shift,
1179                         unit_name,
1180                         info->split.total_bytes >> unit_shift,
1181                         unit_name,
1182                         percent_done);
1183                 break;
1184         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_SPLIT_END_PART:
1185                 if (info->split.completed_bytes == info->split.total_bytes) {
1186                         imagex_printf(T("Finished writing split WIM part %u of %u\n"),
1187                                 info->split.cur_part_number,
1188                                 info->split.total_parts);
1189                 }
1190                 break;
1191         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_UPDATE_END_COMMAND:
1192                 switch (info->update.command->op) {
1193                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1194                         imagex_printf(T("Deleted WIM path \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1195                                 info->update.command->delete_.wim_path);
1196                         break;
1197                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME:
1198                         imagex_printf(T("Renamed WIM path \"%"TS"\" => \"%"TS"\"\n"),
1199                                 info->update.command->rename.wim_source_path,
1200                                 info->update.command->rename.wim_target_path);
1201                         break;
1202                 case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1203                 default:
1204                         break;
1205                 }
1206                 break;
1207         case WIMLIB_PROGRESS_MSG_REPLACE_FILE_IN_WIM:
1208                 imagex_printf(T("Updating \"%"TS"\" in WIM image\n"),
1209                               info->replace.path_in_wim);
1210                 break;
1211         default:
1212                 break;
1213         }
1214         fflush(imagex_info_file);
1215         return 0;
1216 }
1217
1218 static unsigned
1219 parse_num_threads(const tchar *optarg)
1220 {
1221         tchar *tmp;
1222         unsigned long ul_nthreads = tstrtoul(optarg, &tmp, 10);
1223         if (ul_nthreads >= UINT_MAX || *tmp || tmp == optarg) {
1224                 imagex_error(T("Number of threads must be a non-negative integer!"));
1225                 return UINT_MAX;
1226         } else {
1227                 return ul_nthreads;
1228         }
1229 }
1230
1231 static uint32_t parse_chunk_size(const tchar *optarg)
1232 {
1233        tchar *tmp;
1234        unsigned long chunk_size = tstrtoul(optarg, &tmp, 10);
1235        if (chunk_size >= UINT32_MAX || *tmp || tmp == optarg) {
1236                imagex_error(T("Chunk size must be a non-negative integer!"));
1237                return UINT32_MAX;
1238        } else {
1239                return chunk_size;
1240        }
1241 }
1242
1243
1244 /*
1245  * Parse an option passed to an update command.
1246  *
1247  * @op:         One of WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_* that indicates the command being
1248  *              parsed.
1249  *
1250  * @option:     Text string for the option (beginning with --)
1251  *
1252  * @cmd:        `struct wimlib_update_command' that is being constructed for
1253  *              this command.
1254  *
1255  * Returns true if the option was recognized; false if not.
1256  */
1257 static bool
1258 update_command_add_option(int op, const tchar *option,
1259                           struct wimlib_update_command *cmd)
1260 {
1261         bool recognized = true;
1262         switch (op) {
1263         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1264                 if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--verbose")))
1265                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_VERBOSE;
1266                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--unix-data")))
1267                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1268                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--no-acls")) || !tstrcmp(option, T("--noacls")))
1269                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1270                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--strict-acls")))
1271                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1272                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--dereference")))
1273                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_DEREFERENCE;
1274                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--no-replace")))
1275                         cmd->add.add_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_FLAG_NO_REPLACE;
1276                 else
1277                         recognized = false;
1278                 break;
1279         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1280                 if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--force")))
1281                         cmd->delete_.delete_flags |= WIMLIB_DELETE_FLAG_FORCE;
1282                 else if (!tstrcmp(option, T("--recursive")))
1283                         cmd->delete_.delete_flags |= WIMLIB_DELETE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
1284                 else
1285                         recognized = false;
1286                 break;
1287         default:
1288                 recognized = false;
1289                 break;
1290         }
1291         return recognized;
1292 }
1293
1294 /* How many nonoption arguments each `imagex update' command expects */
1295 static const unsigned update_command_num_nonoptions[] = {
1296         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD] = 2,
1297         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE] = 1,
1298         [WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME] = 2,
1299 };
1300
1301 static void
1302 update_command_add_nonoption(int op, const tchar *nonoption,
1303                              struct wimlib_update_command *cmd,
1304                              unsigned num_nonoptions)
1305 {
1306         switch (op) {
1307         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD:
1308                 if (num_nonoptions == 0)
1309                         cmd->add.fs_source_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1310                 else
1311                         cmd->add.wim_target_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1312                 break;
1313         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE:
1314                 cmd->delete_.wim_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1315                 break;
1316         case WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME:
1317                 if (num_nonoptions == 0)
1318                         cmd->rename.wim_source_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1319                 else
1320                         cmd->rename.wim_target_path = (tchar*)nonoption;
1321                 break;
1322         }
1323 }
1324
1325 /*
1326  * Parse a command passed on stdin to `imagex update'.
1327  *
1328  * @line:       Text of the command.
1329  * @len:        Length of the line, including a null terminator
1330  *              at line[len - 1].
1331  *
1332  * @command:    A `struct wimlib_update_command' to fill in from the parsed
1333  *              line.
1334  *
1335  * @line_number: Line number of the command, for diagnostics.
1336  *
1337  * Returns true on success; returns false on parse error.
1338  */
1339 static bool
1340 parse_update_command(tchar *line, size_t len,
1341                      struct wimlib_update_command *command,
1342                      size_t line_number)
1343 {
1344         int ret;
1345         tchar *command_name;
1346         int op;
1347         size_t num_nonoptions;
1348
1349         /* Get the command name ("add", "delete", "rename") */
1350         ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &command_name);
1351         if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS)
1352                 return false;
1353
1354         if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("add"))) {
1355                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_ADD;
1356         } else if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("delete"))) {
1357                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_DELETE;
1358         } else if (!tstrcasecmp(command_name, T("rename"))) {
1359                 op = WIMLIB_UPDATE_OP_RENAME;
1360         } else {
1361                 imagex_error(T("Unknown update command \"%"TS"\" on line %zu"),
1362                              command_name, line_number);
1363                 return false;
1364         }
1365         command->op = op;
1366
1367         /* Parse additional options and non-options as needed */
1368         num_nonoptions = 0;
1369         for (;;) {
1370                 tchar *next_string;
1371
1372                 ret = parse_string(&line, &len, &next_string);
1373                 if (ret == PARSE_STRING_NONE) /* End of line */
1374                         break;
1375                 else if (ret != PARSE_STRING_SUCCESS) /* Parse failure */
1376                         return false;
1377                 if (next_string[0] == T('-') && next_string[1] == T('-')) {
1378                         /* Option */
1379                         if (!update_command_add_option(op, next_string, command))
1380                         {
1381                                 imagex_error(T("Unrecognized option \"%"TS"\" to "
1382                                                "update command \"%"TS"\" on line %zu"),
1383                                              next_string, command_name, line_number);
1384
1385                                 return false;
1386                         }
1387                 } else {
1388                         /* Nonoption */
1389                         if (num_nonoptions == update_command_num_nonoptions[op])
1390                         {
1391                                 imagex_error(T("Unexpected argument \"%"TS"\" in "
1392                                                "update command on line %zu\n"
1393                                                "       (The \"%"TS"\" command only "
1394                                                "takes %zu nonoption arguments!)\n"),
1395                                              next_string, line_number,
1396                                              command_name, num_nonoptions);
1397                                 return false;
1398                         }
1399                         update_command_add_nonoption(op, next_string,
1400                                                      command, num_nonoptions);
1401                         num_nonoptions++;
1402                 }
1403         }
1404
1405         if (num_nonoptions != update_command_num_nonoptions[op]) {
1406                 imagex_error(T("Not enough arguments to update command "
1407                                "\"%"TS"\" on line %zu"), command_name, line_number);
1408                 return false;
1409         }
1410         return true;
1411 }
1412
1413 static struct wimlib_update_command *
1414 parse_update_command_file(tchar **cmd_file_contents_p, size_t cmd_file_nchars,
1415                           size_t *num_cmds_ret)
1416 {
1417         ssize_t nlines;
1418         tchar *p;
1419         struct wimlib_update_command *cmds;
1420         size_t i, j;
1421
1422         nlines = text_file_count_lines(cmd_file_contents_p,
1423                                        &cmd_file_nchars);
1424         if (nlines < 0)
1425                 return NULL;
1426
1427         /* Always allocate at least 1 slot, just in case the implementation of
1428          * calloc() returns NULL if 0 bytes are requested. */
1429         cmds = calloc(nlines ?: 1, sizeof(struct wimlib_update_command));
1430         if (!cmds) {
1431                 imagex_error(T("out of memory"));
1432                 return NULL;
1433         }
1434         p = *cmd_file_contents_p;
1435         j = 0;
1436         for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++) {
1437                 /* XXX: Could use rawmemchr() here instead, but it may not be
1438                  * available on all platforms. */
1439                 tchar *endp = tmemchr(p, T('\n'), cmd_file_nchars);
1440                 size_t len = endp - p + 1;
1441                 *endp = T('\0');
1442                 if (!is_comment_line(p, len)) {
1443                         if (!parse_update_command(p, len, &cmds[j++], i + 1)) {
1444                                 free(cmds);
1445                                 return NULL;
1446                         }
1447                 }
1448                 p = endp + 1;
1449         }
1450         *num_cmds_ret = j;
1451         return cmds;
1452 }
1453
1454 /* Apply one image, or all images, from a WIM file to a directory, OR apply
1455  * one image from a WIM file to a NTFS volume.  */
1456 static int
1457 imagex_apply(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
1458 {
1459         int c;
1460         int open_flags = 0;
1461         int image = WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE;
1462         WIMStruct *wim;
1463         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
1464         int ret;
1465         const tchar *wimfile;
1466         const tchar *target;
1467         const tchar *image_num_or_name = NULL;
1468         int extract_flags = 0;
1469
1470         STRING_SET(refglobs);
1471
1472         for_opt(c, apply_options) {
1473                 switch (c) {
1474                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
1475                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1476                         break;
1477                 case IMAGEX_HARDLINK_OPTION:
1478                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_HARDLINK;
1479                         break;
1480                 case IMAGEX_SYMLINK_OPTION:
1481                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_SYMLINK;
1482                         break;
1483                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
1484                         /* No longer does anything.  */
1485                         break;
1486                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
1487                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
1488                         if (ret)
1489                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
1490                         break;
1491                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
1492                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1493                         break;
1494                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
1495                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1496                         break;
1497                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
1498                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1499                         break;
1500                 case IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION:
1501                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ATTRIBUTES;
1502                         break;
1503                 case IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION:
1504                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NORPFIX;
1505                         break;
1506                 case IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION:
1507                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_RPFIX;
1508                         break;
1509                 case IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION:
1510                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_REPLACE_INVALID_FILENAMES;
1511                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_ALL_CASE_CONFLICTS;
1512                         break;
1513                 case IMAGEX_RESUME_OPTION:
1514                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_RESUME;
1515                         break;
1516                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
1517                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
1518                         break;
1519                 default:
1520                         goto out_usage;
1521                 }
1522         }
1523         argc -= optind;
1524         argv += optind;
1525         if (argc != 2 && argc != 3)
1526                 goto out_usage;
1527
1528         wimfile = argv[0];
1529
1530         if (!tstrcmp(wimfile, T("-"))) {
1531                 /* Attempt to apply pipable WIM from standard input.  */
1532                 if (argc == 2) {
1533                         image_num_or_name = NULL;
1534                         target = argv[1];
1535                 } else {
1536                         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
1537                         target = argv[2];
1538                 }
1539                 wim = NULL;
1540         } else {
1541                 ret = wimlib_open_wim(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
1542                                       imagex_progress_func);
1543                 if (ret)
1544                         goto out_free_refglobs;
1545
1546                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
1547
1548                 if (argc >= 3) {
1549                         /* Image explicitly specified.  */
1550                         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
1551                         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
1552                         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
1553                         if (ret)
1554                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
1555                         target = argv[2];
1556                 } else {
1557                         /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
1558                          * contains exactly one image.  */
1559
1560                         if (info.image_count != 1) {
1561                                 imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; "
1562                                                "Please select one (or all)."),
1563                                              wimfile, info.image_count);
1564                                 wimlib_free(wim);
1565                                 goto out_usage;
1566                         }
1567                         image = 1;
1568                         target = argv[1];
1569                 }
1570         }
1571
1572         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
1573                 if (wim == NULL) {
1574                         imagex_error(T("Can't specify --ref when applying from stdin!"));
1575                         ret = -1;
1576                         goto out_wimlib_free;
1577                 }
1578                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
1579                 if (ret)
1580                         goto out_wimlib_free;
1581         }
1582
1583 #ifndef __WIN32__
1584         {
1585                 /* Interpret a regular file or block device target as a NTFS
1586                  * volume.  */
1587                 struct stat stbuf;
1588
1589                 if (tstat(target, &stbuf)) {
1590                         if (errno != ENOENT) {
1591                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat \"%"TS"\""),
1592                                                         target);
1593                                 ret = -1;
1594                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
1595                         }
1596                 } else {
1597                         if (S_ISBLK(stbuf.st_mode) || S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode))
1598                                 extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NTFS;
1599                 }
1600         }
1601 #endif
1602
1603         if (wim) {
1604                 ret = wimlib_extract_image(wim, image, target, extract_flags,
1605                                            imagex_progress_func);
1606         } else {
1607                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(STDIN_FILENO);
1608                 ret = wimlib_extract_image_from_pipe(STDIN_FILENO,
1609                                                      image_num_or_name,
1610                                                      target, extract_flags,
1611                                                      imagex_progress_func);
1612         }
1613         if (ret == 0) {
1614                 imagex_printf(T("Done applying WIM image.\n"));
1615         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
1616                 if (wim) {
1617                         do_resource_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info, &refglobs);
1618                 } else {
1619                         imagex_error(T(        "If you are applying an image "
1620                                                "from a split pipable WIM,\n"
1621                                        "       make sure you have "
1622                                        "concatenated together all parts."));
1623                 }
1624         }
1625 out_wimlib_free:
1626         wimlib_free(wim);
1627 out_free_refglobs:
1628         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
1629         return ret;
1630
1631 out_usage:
1632         usage(CMD_APPLY, stderr);
1633         ret = -1;
1634         goto out_free_refglobs;
1635 }
1636
1637 /* Create a WIM image from a directory tree, NTFS volume, or multiple files or
1638  * directory trees.  'wimlib-imagex capture': create a new WIM file containing
1639  * the desired image.  'wimlib-imagex append': add a new image to an existing
1640  * WIM file. */
1641 static int
1642 imagex_capture_or_append(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
1643 {
1644         int c;
1645         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
1646         int add_image_flags = WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_EXCLUDE_VERBOSE |
1647                               WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WINCONFIG |
1648                               WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_VERBOSE;
1649         int write_flags = 0;
1650         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
1651         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
1652         uint32_t pack_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
1653         int pack_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
1654         const tchar *wimfile;
1655         int wim_fd;
1656         const tchar *name;
1657         const tchar *desc;
1658         const tchar *flags_element = NULL;
1659
1660         WIMStruct *wim;
1661         STRING_SET(base_wimfiles);
1662         WIMStruct **base_wims;
1663
1664         WIMStruct *template_wim;
1665         const tchar *template_wimfile = NULL;
1666         const tchar *template_image_name_or_num = NULL;
1667         int template_image = WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE;
1668
1669         int ret;
1670         unsigned num_threads = 0;
1671
1672         tchar *source;
1673         tchar *source_copy;
1674
1675         tchar *config_file = NULL;
1676
1677         bool source_list = false;
1678         size_t source_list_nchars = 0;
1679         tchar *source_list_contents;
1680         bool capture_sources_malloced;
1681         struct wimlib_capture_source *capture_sources;
1682         size_t num_sources;
1683         bool name_defaulted;
1684         bool compress_slow = false;
1685
1686         for_opt(c, capture_or_append_options) {
1687                 switch (c) {
1688                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
1689                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_BOOT;
1690                         break;
1691                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
1692                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1693                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1694                         break;
1695                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
1696                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
1697                         break;
1698                 case IMAGEX_CONFIG_OPTION:
1699                         config_file = optarg;
1700                         add_image_flags &= ~WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WINCONFIG;
1701                         break;
1702                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
1703                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
1704                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
1705                                 goto out_err;
1706                         break;
1707                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
1708                         compress_slow = true;
1709                         break;
1710                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
1711                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
1712                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
1713                                 goto out_err;
1714                         break;
1715                 case IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
1716                         pack_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
1717                         if (pack_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
1718                                 goto out_err;
1719                         break;
1720                 case IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION:
1721                         pack_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
1722                         if (pack_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
1723                                 goto out_err;
1724                         break;
1725                 case IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION:
1726                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS;
1727                         break;
1728                 case IMAGEX_FLAGS_OPTION:
1729                         flags_element = optarg;
1730                         break;
1731                 case IMAGEX_DEREFERENCE_OPTION:
1732                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_DEREFERENCE;
1733                         break;
1734                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
1735                         /* No longer does anything.  */
1736                         break;
1737                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
1738                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
1739                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
1740                                 goto out_err;
1741                         break;
1742                 case IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION:
1743                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
1744                         break;
1745                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
1746                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
1747                         break;
1748                 case IMAGEX_SOURCE_LIST_OPTION:
1749                         source_list = true;
1750                         break;
1751                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
1752                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
1753                         break;
1754                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
1755                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
1756                         break;
1757                 case IMAGEX_RPFIX_OPTION:
1758                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_RPFIX;
1759                         break;
1760                 case IMAGEX_NORPFIX_OPTION:
1761                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_NORPFIX;
1762                         break;
1763                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
1764                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
1765                         break;
1766                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
1767                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
1768                         break;
1769                 case IMAGEX_UPDATE_OF_OPTION:
1770                         if (template_image_name_or_num) {
1771                                 imagex_error(T("'--update-of' can only be "
1772                                                "specified one time!"));
1773                                 goto out_err;
1774                         } else {
1775                                 tchar *colon;
1776                                 colon = tstrrchr(optarg, T(':'));
1777
1778                                 if (colon) {
1779                                         template_wimfile = optarg;
1780                                         *colon = T('\0');
1781                                         template_image_name_or_num = colon + 1;
1782                                 } else {
1783                                         template_wimfile = NULL;
1784                                         template_image_name_or_num = optarg;
1785                                 }
1786                         }
1787                         break;
1788                 case IMAGEX_DELTA_FROM_OPTION:
1789                         if (cmd != CMD_CAPTURE) {
1790                                 imagex_error(T("'--delta-from' is only "
1791                                                "valid for capture!"));
1792                                 goto out_usage;
1793                         }
1794                         ret = string_set_append(&base_wimfiles, optarg);
1795                         if (ret)
1796                                 goto out_free_base_wimfiles;
1797                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SKIP_EXTERNAL_WIMS;
1798                         break;
1799                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
1800                         add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
1801                         break;
1802                 default:
1803                         goto out_usage;
1804                 }
1805         }
1806         argc -= optind;
1807         argv += optind;
1808
1809         if (argc < 2 || argc > 4)
1810                 goto out_usage;
1811
1812         source = argv[0];
1813         wimfile = argv[1];
1814
1815         /* Set default compression type and parameters.  */
1816
1817
1818         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
1819                 if (add_image_flags & WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WIMBOOT) {
1820                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS;
1821                 } else {
1822                         compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX;
1823                         if (!compress_slow && pack_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX) {
1824                                 struct wimlib_lzx_compressor_params params = {
1825                                         .hdr.size = sizeof(params),
1826                                         .algorithm = WIMLIB_LZX_ALGORITHM_FAST,
1827                                         .use_defaults = 1,
1828                                 };
1829                                 wimlib_set_default_compressor_params(WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_LZX,
1830                                                                      &params.hdr);
1831                         }
1832                 }
1833         }
1834
1835         if (compress_slow)
1836                 set_compress_slow();
1837
1838         if (!tstrcmp(wimfile, T("-"))) {
1839                 /* Writing captured WIM to standard output.  */
1840         #if 0
1841                 if (!(write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE)) {
1842                         imagex_error("Can't write a non-pipable WIM to "
1843                                      "standard output!  Specify --pipable\n"
1844                                      "       if you want to create a pipable WIM "
1845                                      "(but read the docs first).");
1846                         goto out_err;
1847                 }
1848         #else
1849                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
1850         #endif
1851                 if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
1852                         imagex_error(T("Using standard output for append does "
1853                                        "not make sense."));
1854                         goto out_err;
1855                 }
1856                 wim_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
1857                 wimfile = NULL;
1858                 imagex_info_file = stderr;
1859                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(wim_fd);
1860         }
1861
1862         /* If template image was specified using --update-of=IMAGE rather
1863          * than --update-of=WIMFILE:IMAGE, set the default WIMFILE.  */
1864         if (template_image_name_or_num && !template_wimfile) {
1865                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1) {
1866                         /* Capturing delta WIM based on single WIM:  default to
1867                          * base WIM.  */
1868                         template_wimfile = base_wimfiles.strings[0];
1869                 } else if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
1870                         /* Appending to WIM:  default to WIM being appended to.
1871                          */
1872                         template_wimfile = wimfile;
1873                 } else {
1874                         /* Capturing a normal (non-delta) WIM, so the WIM file
1875                          * *must* be explicitly specified.  */
1876                         if (base_wimfiles.num_strings > 1) {
1877                                 imagex_error(T("For capture of delta WIM "
1878                                                "based on multiple existing "
1879                                                "WIMs,\n"
1880                                                "      '--update-of' must "
1881                                                "specify WIMFILE:IMAGE!"));
1882                         } else {
1883                                 imagex_error(T("For capture of non-delta WIM, "
1884                                                "'--update-of' must specify "
1885                                                "WIMFILE:IMAGE!"));
1886                         }
1887                         goto out_usage;
1888                 }
1889         }
1890
1891         if (argc >= 3) {
1892                 name = argv[2];
1893                 name_defaulted = false;
1894         } else {
1895                 /* Set default name to SOURCE argument, omitting any directory
1896                  * prefixes and trailing slashes.  This requires making a copy
1897                  * of @source.  Leave some free characters at the end in case we
1898                  * append a number to keep the name unique. */
1899                 size_t source_name_len;
1900
1901                 source_name_len = tstrlen(source);
1902                 source_copy = alloca((source_name_len + 1 + 25) * sizeof(tchar));
1903                 name = tbasename(tstrcpy(source_copy, source));
1904                 name_defaulted = true;
1905         }
1906         /* Image description defaults to NULL if not given. */
1907         if (argc >= 4)
1908                 desc = argv[3];
1909         else
1910                 desc = NULL;
1911
1912         if (source_list) {
1913                 /* Set up capture sources in source list mode */
1914                 if (source[0] == T('-') && source[1] == T('\0')) {
1915                         source_list_contents = stdin_get_text_contents(&source_list_nchars);
1916                 } else {
1917                         source_list_contents = file_get_text_contents(source,
1918                                                                       &source_list_nchars);
1919                 }
1920                 if (!source_list_contents)
1921                         goto out_err;
1922
1923                 capture_sources = parse_source_list(&source_list_contents,
1924                                                     source_list_nchars,
1925                                                     &num_sources);
1926                 if (!capture_sources) {
1927                         ret = -1;
1928                         goto out_free_source_list_contents;
1929                 }
1930                 capture_sources_malloced = true;
1931         } else {
1932                 /* Set up capture source in non-source-list mode.  */
1933                 capture_sources = alloca(sizeof(struct wimlib_capture_source));
1934                 capture_sources[0].fs_source_path = source;
1935                 capture_sources[0].wim_target_path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
1936                 capture_sources[0].reserved = 0;
1937                 num_sources = 1;
1938                 capture_sources_malloced = false;
1939                 source_list_contents = NULL;
1940         }
1941
1942         /* Open the existing WIM, or create a new one.  */
1943         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND)
1944                 ret = wimlib_open_wim(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
1945                                       imagex_progress_func);
1946         else
1947                 ret = wimlib_create_new_wim(compression_type, &wim);
1948         if (ret)
1949                 goto out_free_capture_sources;
1950
1951         /* Set chunk size if non-default.  */
1952         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
1953                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, chunk_size);
1954                 if (ret)
1955                         goto out_free_wim;
1956         } else if ((add_image_flags & WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_WIMBOOT) &&
1957                    compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_XPRESS) {
1958                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(wim, 4096);
1959                 if (ret)
1960                         goto out_free_wim;
1961         }
1962         if (pack_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
1963                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(wim, pack_ctype);
1964                 if (ret)
1965                         goto out_free_wim;
1966         }
1967         if (pack_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
1968                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(wim, pack_chunk_size);
1969                 if (ret)
1970                         goto out_free_wim;
1971         }
1972
1973 #ifndef __WIN32__
1974         /* Detect if source is regular file or block device and set NTFS volume
1975          * capture mode.  */
1976         if (!source_list) {
1977                 struct stat stbuf;
1978
1979                 if (tstat(source, &stbuf) == 0) {
1980                         if (S_ISBLK(stbuf.st_mode) || S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
1981                                 imagex_printf(T("Capturing WIM image from NTFS "
1982                                           "filesystem on \"%"TS"\"\n"), source);
1983                                 add_image_flags |= WIMLIB_ADD_IMAGE_FLAG_NTFS;
1984                         }
1985                 } else {
1986                         if (errno != ENOENT) {
1987                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to stat "
1988                                                           "\"%"TS"\""), source);
1989                                 ret = -1;
1990                                 goto out_free_wim;
1991                         }
1992                 }
1993         }
1994 #endif
1995
1996         /* If the user did not specify an image name, and the basename of the
1997          * source already exists as an image name in the WIM file, append a
1998          * suffix to make it unique. */
1999         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND && name_defaulted) {
2000                 unsigned long conflict_idx;
2001                 tchar *name_end = tstrchr(name, T('\0'));
2002                 for (conflict_idx = 1;
2003                      wimlib_image_name_in_use(wim, name);
2004                      conflict_idx++)
2005                 {
2006                         tsprintf(name_end, T(" (%lu)"), conflict_idx);
2007                 }
2008         }
2009
2010         /* If capturing a delta WIM, reference resources from the base WIMs
2011          * before adding the new image.  */
2012         if (base_wimfiles.num_strings) {
2013                 base_wims = calloc(base_wimfiles.num_strings,
2014                                    sizeof(base_wims[0]));
2015                 if (base_wims == NULL) {
2016                         imagex_error(T("Out of memory!"));
2017                         ret = -1;
2018                         goto out_free_wim;
2019                 }
2020
2021                 for (size_t i = 0; i < base_wimfiles.num_strings; i++) {
2022                         ret = wimlib_open_wim(base_wimfiles.strings[i],
2023                                               open_flags, &base_wims[i],
2024                                               imagex_progress_func);
2025                         if (ret)
2026                                 goto out_free_base_wims;
2027
2028                 }
2029
2030                 ret = wimlib_reference_resources(wim, base_wims,
2031                                                  base_wimfiles.num_strings, 0);
2032                 if (ret)
2033                         goto out_free_base_wims;
2034
2035                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1) {
2036                         imagex_printf(T("Capturing delta WIM based on \"%"TS"\"\n"),
2037                                       base_wimfiles.strings[0]);
2038                 } else {
2039                         imagex_printf(T("Capturing delta WIM based on %u WIMs\n"),
2040                                       base_wimfiles.num_strings);
2041                 }
2042
2043         } else {
2044                 base_wims = NULL;
2045         }
2046
2047         /* If capturing or appending as an update of an existing (template) image,
2048          * open the WIM if needed and parse the image index.  */
2049         if (template_image_name_or_num) {
2050
2051
2052                 if (base_wimfiles.num_strings == 1 &&
2053                     template_wimfile == base_wimfiles.strings[0]) {
2054                         template_wim = base_wims[0];
2055                 } else if (template_wimfile == wimfile) {
2056                         template_wim = wim;
2057                 } else {
2058                         ret = wimlib_open_wim(template_wimfile, open_flags,
2059                                               &template_wim, imagex_progress_func);
2060                         if (ret)
2061                                 goto out_free_base_wims;
2062                 }
2063
2064                 template_image = wimlib_resolve_image(template_wim,
2065                                                       template_image_name_or_num);
2066
2067                 if (template_image_name_or_num[0] == T('-')) {
2068                         tchar *tmp;
2069                         unsigned long n;
2070                         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2071
2072                         wimlib_get_wim_info(template_wim, &info);
2073                         n = tstrtoul(template_image_name_or_num + 1, &tmp, 10);
2074                         if (n >= 1 && n <= info.image_count &&
2075                             *tmp == T('\0') &&
2076                             tmp != template_image_name_or_num + 1)
2077                         {
2078                                 template_image = info.image_count - (n - 1);
2079                         }
2080                 }
2081                 ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(template_image,
2082                                                         template_image_name_or_num,
2083                                                         template_wimfile);
2084                 if (ret)
2085                         goto out_free_template_wim;
2086         } else {
2087                 template_wim = NULL;
2088         }
2089
2090         ret = wimlib_add_image_multisource(wim,
2091                                            capture_sources,
2092                                            num_sources,
2093                                            name,
2094                                            config_file,
2095                                            add_image_flags,
2096                                            imagex_progress_func);
2097         if (ret)
2098                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2099
2100         if (desc || flags_element || template_image_name_or_num) {
2101                 /* User provided <DESCRIPTION> or <FLAGS> element, or an image
2102                  * on which the added one is to be based has been specified with
2103                  * --update-of.  Get the index of the image we just
2104                  *  added, then use it to call the appropriate functions.  */
2105                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2106
2107                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2108
2109                 if (desc) {
2110                         ret = wimlib_set_image_descripton(wim,
2111                                                           info.image_count,
2112                                                           desc);
2113                         if (ret)
2114                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2115                 }
2116
2117                 if (flags_element) {
2118                         ret = wimlib_set_image_flags(wim, info.image_count,
2119                                                      flags_element);
2120                         if (ret)
2121                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2122                 }
2123
2124                 /* Reference template image if the user provided one.  */
2125                 if (template_image_name_or_num) {
2126                         imagex_printf(T("Using image %d "
2127                                         "from \"%"TS"\" as template\n"),
2128                                         template_image, template_wimfile);
2129                         ret = wimlib_reference_template_image(wim,
2130                                                               info.image_count,
2131                                                               template_wim,
2132                                                               template_image,
2133                                                               0, NULL);
2134                         if (ret)
2135                                 goto out_free_template_wim;
2136                 }
2137         }
2138
2139         /* Write the new WIM or overwrite the existing WIM with the new image
2140          * appended.  */
2141         if (cmd == CMD_APPEND) {
2142                 ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, num_threads,
2143                                        imagex_progress_func);
2144         } else if (wimfile) {
2145                 ret = wimlib_write(wim, wimfile, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2146                                    write_flags, num_threads,
2147                                    imagex_progress_func);
2148         } else {
2149                 ret = wimlib_write_to_fd(wim, wim_fd, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2150                                          write_flags, num_threads,
2151                                          imagex_progress_func);
2152         }
2153 out_free_template_wim:
2154         /* template_wim may alias base_wims[0] or wim.  */
2155         if ((base_wimfiles.num_strings != 1 || template_wim != base_wims[0]) &&
2156             template_wim != wim)
2157                 wimlib_free(template_wim);
2158 out_free_base_wims:
2159         for (size_t i = 0; i < base_wimfiles.num_strings; i++)
2160                 wimlib_free(base_wims[i]);
2161         free(base_wims);
2162 out_free_wim:
2163         wimlib_free(wim);
2164 out_free_capture_sources:
2165         if (capture_sources_malloced)
2166                 free(capture_sources);
2167 out_free_source_list_contents:
2168         free(source_list_contents);
2169 out_free_base_wimfiles:
2170         string_set_destroy(&base_wimfiles);
2171         return ret;
2172
2173 out_usage:
2174         usage(cmd, stderr);
2175 out_err:
2176         ret = -1;
2177         goto out_free_base_wimfiles;
2178 }
2179
2180 /* Remove image(s) from a WIM. */
2181 static int
2182 imagex_delete(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2183 {
2184         int c;
2185         int open_flags = WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS;
2186         int write_flags = 0;
2187         const tchar *wimfile;
2188         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
2189         WIMStruct *wim;
2190         int image;
2191         int ret;
2192
2193         for_opt(c, delete_options) {
2194                 switch (c) {
2195                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2196                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2197                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2198                         break;
2199                 case IMAGEX_SOFT_OPTION:
2200                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_SOFT_DELETE;
2201                         break;
2202                 default:
2203                         goto out_usage;
2204                 }
2205         }
2206         argc -= optind;
2207         argv += optind;
2208
2209         if (argc != 2) {
2210                 if (argc < 1)
2211                         imagex_error(T("Must specify a WIM file"));
2212                 if (argc < 2)
2213                         imagex_error(T("Must specify an image"));
2214                 goto out_usage;
2215         }
2216         wimfile = argv[0];
2217         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2218
2219         ret = wimlib_open_wim(wimfile, open_flags, &wim,
2220                               imagex_progress_func);
2221         if (ret)
2222                 goto out;
2223
2224         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
2225
2226         ret = verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
2227         if (ret)
2228                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2229
2230         ret = wimlib_delete_image(wim, image);
2231         if (ret) {
2232                 imagex_error(T("Failed to delete image from \"%"TS"\""),
2233                              wimfile);
2234                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2235         }
2236
2237         ret = wimlib_overwrite(wim, write_flags, 0, imagex_progress_func);
2238         if (ret) {
2239                 imagex_error(T("Failed to write the file \"%"TS"\" with image "
2240                                "deleted"), wimfile);
2241         }
2242 out_wimlib_free:
2243         wimlib_free(wim);
2244 out:
2245         return ret;
2246
2247 out_usage:
2248         usage(CMD_DELETE, stderr);
2249         ret = -1;
2250         goto out;
2251 }
2252
2253 struct print_dentry_options {
2254         bool detailed;
2255 };
2256
2257 static void
2258 print_dentry_full_path(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry)
2259 {
2260         tprintf(T("%"TS"\n"), dentry->full_path);
2261 }
2262
2263 static const struct {
2264         uint32_t flag;
2265         const tchar *name;
2266 } file_attr_flags[] = {
2267         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY,            T("READONLY")},
2268         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN,              T("HIDDEN")},
2269         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYSTEM,              T("SYSTEM")},
2270         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY,           T("DIRECTORY")},
2271         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE,             T("ARCHIVE")},
2272         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE,              T("DEVICE")},
2273         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,              T("NORMAL")},
2274         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_TEMPORARY,           T("TEMPORARY")},
2275         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SPARSE_FILE,         T("SPARSE_FILE")},
2276         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT,       T("REPARSE_POINT")},
2277         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_COMPRESSED,          T("COMPRESSED")},
2278         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_OFFLINE,             T("OFFLINE")},
2279         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED, T("NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED")},
2280         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ENCRYPTED,           T("ENCRYPTED")},
2281         {WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_VIRTUAL,             T("VIRTUAL")},
2282 };
2283
2284 #define TIMESTR_MAX 100
2285
2286 static void
2287 timespec_to_string(const struct timespec *spec, tchar *buf)
2288 {
2289         time_t t = spec->tv_sec;
2290         struct tm tm;
2291         gmtime_r(&t, &tm);
2292         tstrftime(buf, TIMESTR_MAX, T("%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y UTC"), &tm);
2293         buf[TIMESTR_MAX - 1] = '\0';
2294 }
2295
2296 static void
2297 print_time(const tchar *type, const struct timespec *spec)
2298 {
2299         tchar timestr[TIMESTR_MAX];
2300
2301         timespec_to_string(spec, timestr);
2302
2303         tprintf(T("%-20"TS"= %"TS"\n"), type, timestr);
2304 }
2305
2306 static void print_byte_field(const uint8_t field[], size_t len)
2307 {
2308         while (len--)
2309                 tprintf(T("%02hhx"), *field++);
2310 }
2311
2312 static void
2313 print_wim_information(const tchar *wimfile, const struct wimlib_wim_info *info)
2314 {
2315         tputs(T("WIM Information:"));
2316         tputs(T("----------------"));
2317         tprintf(T("Path:           %"TS"\n"), wimfile);
2318         tprintf(T("GUID:           0x"));
2319         print_byte_field(info->guid, sizeof(info->guid));
2320         tputchar(T('\n'));
2321         tprintf(T("Version:        %u\n"), info->wim_version);
2322         tprintf(T("Image Count:    %d\n"), info->image_count);
2323         tprintf(T("Compression:    %"TS"\n"),
2324                 wimlib_get_compression_type_string(info->compression_type));
2325         tprintf(T("Chunk Size:     %"PRIu32" bytes\n"),
2326                 info->chunk_size);
2327         tprintf(T("Part Number:    %d/%d\n"), info->part_number, info->total_parts);
2328         tprintf(T("Boot Index:     %d\n"), info->boot_index);
2329         tprintf(T("Size:           %"PRIu64" bytes\n"), info->total_bytes);
2330         tprintf(T("Integrity Info: %"TS"\n"),
2331                 info->has_integrity_table ? T("yes") : T("no"));
2332         tprintf(T("Relative path junction: %"TS"\n"),
2333                 info->has_rpfix ? T("yes") : T("no"));
2334         tprintf(T("Pipable:        %"TS"\n"),
2335                 info->pipable ? T("yes") : T("no"));
2336         tputchar(T('\n'));
2337 }
2338
2339 static int
2340 print_resource(const struct wimlib_resource_entry *resource,
2341                void *_ignore)
2342 {
2343         tprintf(T("Hash                = 0x"));
2344         print_byte_field(resource->sha1_hash, sizeof(resource->sha1_hash));
2345         tputchar(T('\n'));
2346
2347         if (!resource->is_missing) {
2348                 tprintf(T("Uncompressed size   = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2349                         resource->uncompressed_size);
2350                 if (resource->packed) {
2351                         tprintf(T("Raw compressed size = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2352                                 resource->raw_resource_compressed_size);
2353
2354                         tprintf(T("Raw offset in WIM   = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2355                                 resource->raw_resource_offset_in_wim);
2356
2357                         tprintf(T("Offset in raw       = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2358                                 resource->offset);
2359                 } else {
2360                         tprintf(T("Compressed size     = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2361                                 resource->compressed_size);
2362
2363                         tprintf(T("Offset in WIM       = %"PRIu64" bytes\n"),
2364                                 resource->offset);
2365                 }
2366
2367                 tprintf(T("Part Number         = %u\n"), resource->part_number);
2368                 tprintf(T("Reference Count     = %u\n"), resource->reference_count);
2369
2370                 tprintf(T("Flags               = "));
2371                 if (resource->is_compressed)
2372                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_COMPRESSED  "));
2373                 if (resource->is_metadata)
2374                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_METADATA  "));
2375                 if (resource->is_free)
2376                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_FREE  "));
2377                 if (resource->is_spanned)
2378                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_SPANNED  "));
2379                 if (resource->packed)
2380                         tprintf(T("WIM_RESHDR_FLAG_PACKED_STREAMS  "));
2381                 tputchar(T('\n'));
2382         }
2383         tputchar(T('\n'));
2384         return 0;
2385 }
2386
2387 static void
2388 print_lookup_table(WIMStruct *wim)
2389 {
2390         wimlib_iterate_lookup_table(wim, 0, print_resource, NULL);
2391 }
2392
2393 static void
2394 default_print_security_descriptor(const uint8_t *sd, size_t size)
2395 {
2396         tprintf(T("Security Descriptor = "));
2397         print_byte_field(sd, size);
2398         tputchar(T('\n'));
2399 }
2400
2401 static void
2402 print_dentry_detailed(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry)
2403 {
2404
2405         tprintf(T(
2406 "----------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"));
2407         tprintf(T("Full Path           = \"%"TS"\"\n"), dentry->full_path);
2408         if (dentry->dos_name)
2409                 tprintf(T("Short Name          = \"%"TS"\"\n"), dentry->dos_name);
2410         tprintf(T("Attributes          = 0x%08x\n"), dentry->attributes);
2411         for (size_t i = 0; i < ARRAY_LEN(file_attr_flags); i++)
2412                 if (file_attr_flags[i].flag & dentry->attributes)
2413                         tprintf(T("    FILE_ATTRIBUTE_%"TS" is set\n"),
2414                                 file_attr_flags[i].name);
2415
2416         if (dentry->security_descriptor) {
2417                 print_security_descriptor(dentry->security_descriptor,
2418                                           dentry->security_descriptor_size);
2419         }
2420
2421         print_time(T("Creation Time"), &dentry->creation_time);
2422         print_time(T("Last Write Time"), &dentry->last_write_time);
2423         print_time(T("Last Access Time"), &dentry->last_access_time);
2424
2425
2426         if (dentry->attributes & WIMLIB_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT)
2427                 tprintf(T("Reparse Tag         = 0x%"PRIx32"\n"), dentry->reparse_tag);
2428
2429         tprintf(T("Link Group ID       = 0x%016"PRIx64"\n"), dentry->hard_link_group_id);
2430         tprintf(T("Link Count          = %"PRIu32"\n"), dentry->num_links);
2431
2432         for (uint32_t i = 0; i <= dentry->num_named_streams; i++) {
2433                 if (dentry->streams[i].stream_name) {
2434                         tprintf(T("\tData stream \"%"TS"\":\n"),
2435                                 dentry->streams[i].stream_name);
2436                 } else {
2437                         tprintf(T("\tUnnamed data stream:\n"));
2438                 }
2439                 print_resource(&dentry->streams[i].resource, NULL);
2440         }
2441 }
2442
2443 static int
2444 print_dentry(const struct wimlib_dir_entry *dentry, void *_options)
2445 {
2446         const struct print_dentry_options *options = _options;
2447         if (!options->detailed)
2448                 print_dentry_full_path(dentry);
2449         else
2450                 print_dentry_detailed(dentry);
2451         return 0;
2452 }
2453
2454 /* Print the files contained in an image(s) in a WIM file. */
2455 static int
2456 imagex_dir(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2457 {
2458         const tchar *wimfile;
2459         WIMStruct *wim = NULL;
2460         int image;
2461         int ret;
2462         const tchar *path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2463         int c;
2464         struct print_dentry_options options = {
2465                 .detailed = false,
2466         };
2467         int iterate_flags = WIMLIB_ITERATE_DIR_TREE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
2468
2469         for_opt(c, dir_options) {
2470                 switch (c) {
2471                 case IMAGEX_PATH_OPTION:
2472                         path = optarg;
2473                         break;
2474                 case IMAGEX_DETAILED_OPTION:
2475                         options.detailed = true;
2476                         break;
2477                 case IMAGEX_ONE_FILE_ONLY_OPTION:
2478                         iterate_flags &= ~WIMLIB_ITERATE_DIR_TREE_FLAG_RECURSIVE;
2479                         break;
2480                 default:
2481                         goto out_usage;
2482                 }
2483         }
2484         argc -= optind;
2485         argv += optind;
2486
2487         if (argc < 1) {
2488                 imagex_error(T("Must specify a WIM file"));
2489                 goto out_usage;
2490         }
2491         if (argc > 2) {
2492                 imagex_error(T("Too many arguments"));
2493                 goto out_usage;
2494         }
2495
2496         wimfile = argv[0];
2497         ret = wimlib_open_wim(wimfile, 0, &wim, imagex_progress_func);
2498         if (ret)
2499                 goto out;
2500
2501         if (argc >= 2) {
2502                 image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, argv[1]);
2503                 ret = verify_image_exists(image, argv[1], wimfile);
2504                 if (ret)
2505                         goto out_wimlib_free;
2506         } else {
2507                 /* No image specified; default to image 1, but only if the WIM
2508                  * contains exactly one image.  */
2509
2510                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2511
2512                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2513                 if (info.image_count != 1) {
2514                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" contains %d images; Please "
2515                                        "select one (or all)."),
2516                                      wimfile, info.image_count);
2517                         wimlib_free(wim);
2518                         goto out_usage;
2519                 }
2520                 image = 1;
2521         }
2522
2523         ret = wimlib_iterate_dir_tree(wim, image, path, iterate_flags,
2524                                       print_dentry, &options);
2525 out_wimlib_free:
2526         wimlib_free(wim);
2527 out:
2528         return ret;
2529
2530 out_usage:
2531         usage(CMD_DIR, stderr);
2532         ret = -1;
2533         goto out;
2534 }
2535
2536 /* Exports one, or all, images from a WIM file to a new WIM file or an existing
2537  * WIM file. */
2538 static int
2539 imagex_export(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2540 {
2541         int c;
2542         int open_flags = 0;
2543         int export_flags = 0;
2544         int write_flags = 0;
2545         int compression_type = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
2546         const tchar *src_wimfile;
2547         const tchar *src_image_num_or_name;
2548         const tchar *dest_wimfile;
2549         int dest_wim_fd;
2550         const tchar *dest_name;
2551         const tchar *dest_desc;
2552         WIMStruct *src_wim;
2553         struct wimlib_wim_info src_info;
2554         WIMStruct *dest_wim;
2555         int ret;
2556         int image;
2557         struct stat stbuf;
2558         bool wim_is_new;
2559         STRING_SET(refglobs);
2560         unsigned num_threads = 0;
2561         uint32_t chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
2562         uint32_t pack_chunk_size = UINT32_MAX;
2563         int pack_ctype = WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID;
2564
2565         for_opt(c, export_options) {
2566                 switch (c) {
2567                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
2568                         export_flags |= WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_BOOT;
2569                         break;
2570                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2571                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2572                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2573                         break;
2574                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
2575                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NO_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2576                         break;
2577                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_OPTION:
2578                         compression_type = get_compression_type(optarg);
2579                         if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
2580                                 goto out_err;
2581                         break;
2582                 case IMAGEX_COMPRESS_SLOW_OPTION:
2583                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_RECOMPRESS;
2584                         set_compress_slow();
2585                         break;
2586                 case IMAGEX_PACK_STREAMS_OPTION:
2587                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PACK_STREAMS;
2588                         break;
2589                 case IMAGEX_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
2590                         chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
2591                         if (chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2592                                 goto out_err;
2593                         break;
2594                 case IMAGEX_PACK_CHUNK_SIZE_OPTION:
2595                         pack_chunk_size = parse_chunk_size(optarg);
2596                         if (pack_chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2597                                 goto out_err;
2598                         break;
2599                 case IMAGEX_PACK_COMPRESS_OPTION:
2600                         pack_ctype = get_compression_type(optarg);
2601                         if (pack_ctype == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID)
2602                                 goto out_err;
2603                         break;
2604                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
2605                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
2606                         if (ret)
2607                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2608                         break;
2609                 case IMAGEX_THREADS_OPTION:
2610                         num_threads = parse_num_threads(optarg);
2611                         if (num_threads == UINT_MAX)
2612                                 goto out_err;
2613                         break;
2614                 case IMAGEX_REBUILD_OPTION:
2615                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_REBUILD;
2616                         break;
2617                 case IMAGEX_PIPABLE_OPTION:
2618                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
2619                         break;
2620                 case IMAGEX_NOT_PIPABLE_OPTION:
2621                         write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_NOT_PIPABLE;
2622                         break;
2623                 default:
2624                         goto out_usage;
2625                 }
2626         }
2627         argc -= optind;
2628         argv += optind;
2629         if (argc < 3 || argc > 5)
2630                 goto out_usage;
2631         src_wimfile           = argv[0];
2632         src_image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2633         dest_wimfile          = argv[2];
2634         dest_name             = (argc >= 4) ? argv[3] : NULL;
2635         dest_desc             = (argc >= 5) ? argv[4] : NULL;
2636         ret = wimlib_open_wim(src_wimfile, open_flags, &src_wim,
2637                               imagex_progress_func);
2638         if (ret)
2639                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2640
2641         wimlib_get_wim_info(src_wim, &src_info);
2642
2643         /* Determine if the destination is an existing file or not.  If so, we
2644          * try to append the exported image(s) to it; otherwise, we create a new
2645          * WIM containing the exported image(s).  Furthermore, determine if we
2646          * need to write a pipable WIM directly to standard output.  */
2647
2648         if (tstrcmp(dest_wimfile, T("-")) == 0) {
2649         #if 0
2650                 if (!(write_flags & WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE)) {
2651                         imagex_error("Can't write a non-pipable WIM to "
2652                                      "standard output!  Specify --pipable\n"
2653                                      "       if you want to create a pipable WIM "
2654                                      "(but read the docs first).");
2655                         ret = -1;
2656                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2657                 }
2658         #else
2659                 write_flags |= WIMLIB_WRITE_FLAG_PIPABLE;
2660         #endif
2661                 dest_wimfile = NULL;
2662                 dest_wim_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
2663                 imagex_info_file = stderr;
2664                 set_fd_to_binary_mode(dest_wim_fd);
2665         }
2666         errno = ENOENT;
2667         if (dest_wimfile != NULL && tstat(dest_wimfile, &stbuf) == 0) {
2668                 wim_is_new = false;
2669                 /* Destination file exists. */
2670
2671                 if (!S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
2672                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a regular file"),
2673                                      dest_wimfile);
2674                         ret = -1;
2675                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2676                 }
2677                 ret = wimlib_open_wim(dest_wimfile,
2678                                       open_flags | WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_WRITE_ACCESS,
2679                                       &dest_wim, imagex_progress_func);
2680                 if (ret)
2681                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2682
2683                 if (compression_type != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2684                         /* The user specified a compression type, but we're
2685                          * exporting to an existing WIM.  Make sure the
2686                          * specified compression type is the same as the
2687                          * compression type of the existing destination WIM. */
2688                         struct wimlib_wim_info dest_info;
2689
2690                         wimlib_get_wim_info(dest_wim, &dest_info);
2691                         if (compression_type != dest_info.compression_type) {
2692                                 imagex_error(T("Cannot specify a compression type that is "
2693                                                "not the same as that used in the "
2694                                                "destination WIM"));
2695                                 ret = -1;
2696                                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2697                         }
2698                 }
2699         } else {
2700                 wim_is_new = true;
2701
2702                 if (errno != ENOENT) {
2703                         imagex_error_with_errno(T("Cannot stat file \"%"TS"\""),
2704                                                 dest_wimfile);
2705                         ret = -1;
2706                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2707                 }
2708
2709                 /* dest_wimfile is not an existing file, so create a new WIM. */
2710
2711                 if (compression_type == WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2712                         /* The user did not specify a compression type; default
2713                          * to that of the source WIM.  */
2714
2715                         compression_type = src_info.compression_type;
2716                 }
2717                 ret = wimlib_create_new_wim(compression_type, &dest_wim);
2718                 if (ret)
2719                         goto out_free_src_wim;
2720
2721                 /* Use same chunk size if compression type is the same.  */
2722                 if (compression_type == src_info.compression_type &&
2723                     chunk_size == UINT32_MAX)
2724                         wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, src_info.chunk_size);
2725         }
2726
2727         if (chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2728                 /* Set destination chunk size.  */
2729                 ret = wimlib_set_output_chunk_size(dest_wim, chunk_size);
2730                 if (ret)
2731                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2732         }
2733         if (pack_ctype != WIMLIB_COMPRESSION_TYPE_INVALID) {
2734                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_compression_type(dest_wim, pack_ctype);
2735                 if (ret)
2736                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2737         }
2738         if (pack_chunk_size != UINT32_MAX) {
2739                 ret = wimlib_set_output_pack_chunk_size(dest_wim, pack_chunk_size);
2740                 if (ret)
2741                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2742         }
2743
2744         image = wimlib_resolve_image(src_wim, src_image_num_or_name);
2745         ret = verify_image_exists(image, src_image_num_or_name, src_wimfile);
2746         if (ret)
2747                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2748
2749         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
2750                 ret = wim_reference_globs(src_wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
2751                 if (ret)
2752                         goto out_free_dest_wim;
2753         }
2754
2755         if ((export_flags & WIMLIB_EXPORT_FLAG_BOOT) &&
2756             image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && src_info.boot_index == 0)
2757         {
2758                 imagex_error(T("--boot specified for all-images export, but source WIM "
2759                                "has no bootable image."));
2760                 ret = -1;
2761                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2762         }
2763
2764         ret = wimlib_export_image(src_wim, image, dest_wim, dest_name,
2765                                   dest_desc, export_flags, imagex_progress_func);
2766         if (ret) {
2767                 if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
2768                         do_resource_not_found_warning(src_wimfile,
2769                                                       &src_info, &refglobs);
2770                 }
2771                 goto out_free_dest_wim;
2772         }
2773
2774         if (!wim_is_new)
2775                 ret = wimlib_overwrite(dest_wim, write_flags, num_threads,
2776                                        imagex_progress_func);
2777         else if (dest_wimfile)
2778                 ret = wimlib_write(dest_wim, dest_wimfile, WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES,
2779                                    write_flags, num_threads,
2780                                    imagex_progress_func);
2781         else
2782                 ret = wimlib_write_to_fd(dest_wim, dest_wim_fd,
2783                                          WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES, write_flags,
2784                                          num_threads, imagex_progress_func);
2785 out_free_dest_wim:
2786         wimlib_free(dest_wim);
2787 out_free_src_wim:
2788         wimlib_free(src_wim);
2789 out_free_refglobs:
2790         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
2791         return ret;
2792
2793 out_usage:
2794         usage(CMD_EXPORT, stderr);
2795 out_err:
2796         ret = -1;
2797         goto out_free_refglobs;
2798 }
2799
2800 /* Extract files or directories from a WIM image */
2801 static int
2802 imagex_extract(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2803 {
2804         int c;
2805         int open_flags = 0;
2806         int image;
2807         WIMStruct *wim;
2808         int ret;
2809         const tchar *wimfile;
2810         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
2811         tchar *dest_dir = T(".");
2812         int extract_flags = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NORPFIX |
2813                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS |
2814                             WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB;
2815         int notlist_extract_flags = WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE;
2816
2817         STRING_SET(refglobs);
2818
2819         tchar *root_path = WIMLIB_WIM_ROOT_PATH;
2820
2821         for_opt(c, extract_options) {
2822                 switch (c) {
2823                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2824                         open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
2825                         break;
2826                 case IMAGEX_VERBOSE_OPTION:
2827                         /* No longer does anything.  */
2828                         break;
2829                 case IMAGEX_REF_OPTION:
2830                         ret = string_set_append(&refglobs, optarg);
2831                         if (ret)
2832                                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2833                         break;
2834                 case IMAGEX_UNIX_DATA_OPTION:
2835                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_UNIX_DATA;
2836                         break;
2837                 case IMAGEX_NO_ACLS_OPTION:
2838                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ACLS;
2839                         break;
2840                 case IMAGEX_STRICT_ACLS_OPTION:
2841                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_ACLS;
2842                         break;
2843                 case IMAGEX_NO_ATTRIBUTES_OPTION:
2844                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_ATTRIBUTES;
2845                         break;
2846                 case IMAGEX_DEST_DIR_OPTION:
2847                         dest_dir = optarg;
2848                         break;
2849                 case IMAGEX_TO_STDOUT_OPTION:
2850                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_TO_STDOUT;
2851                         imagex_info_file = stderr;
2852                         imagex_be_quiet = true;
2853                         break;
2854                 case IMAGEX_INCLUDE_INVALID_NAMES_OPTION:
2855                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_REPLACE_INVALID_FILENAMES;
2856                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_ALL_CASE_CONFLICTS;
2857                         break;
2858                 case IMAGEX_NO_WILDCARDS_OPTION:
2859                         extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS;
2860                         break;
2861                 case IMAGEX_NULLGLOB_OPTION:
2862                         extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB;
2863                         break;
2864                 case IMAGEX_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE_OPTION:
2865                         notlist_extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_NO_PRESERVE_DIR_STRUCTURE;
2866                         break;
2867                 case IMAGEX_WIMBOOT_OPTION:
2868                         extract_flags |= WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_WIMBOOT;
2869                         break;
2870                 default:
2871                         goto out_usage;
2872                 }
2873         }
2874         argc -= optind;
2875         argv += optind;
2876
2877         if (argc < 2)
2878                 goto out_usage;
2879
2880         if (!(extract_flags & (WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS |
2881                                WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_STRICT_GLOB)))
2882         {
2883                 imagex_error(T("Can't combine --no-wildcards and --nullglob!"));
2884                 goto out_err;
2885         }
2886
2887         wimfile = argv[0];
2888         image_num_or_name = argv[1];
2889
2890         argc -= 2;
2891         argv += 2;
2892
2893         ret = wimlib_open_wim(wimfile, open_flags, &wim, imagex_progress_func);
2894         if (ret)
2895                 goto out_free_refglobs;
2896
2897         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
2898         ret = verify_image_exists_and_is_single(image,
2899                                                 image_num_or_name,
2900                                                 wimfile);
2901         if (ret)
2902                 goto out_wimlib_free;
2903
2904         if (refglobs.num_strings) {
2905                 ret = wim_reference_globs(wim, &refglobs, open_flags);
2906                 if (ret)
2907                         goto out_wimlib_free;
2908         }
2909
2910         if (argc == 0) {
2911                 argv = &root_path;
2912                 argc = 1;
2913                 extract_flags &= ~WIMLIB_EXTRACT_FLAG_GLOB_PATHS;
2914         }
2915
2916         while (argc != 0 && ret == 0) {
2917                 int num_paths;
2918
2919                 for (num_paths = 0;
2920                      num_paths < argc && argv[num_paths][0] != T('@');
2921                      num_paths++)
2922                         ;
2923
2924                 if (num_paths) {
2925                         ret = wimlib_extract_paths(wim, image, dest_dir,
2926                                                    (const tchar **)argv,
2927                                                    num_paths,
2928                                                    extract_flags | notlist_extract_flags,
2929                                                    imagex_progress_func);
2930                         argc -= num_paths;
2931                         argv += num_paths;
2932                 } else {
2933                         ret = wimlib_extract_pathlist(wim, image, dest_dir,
2934                                                       argv[0] + 1,
2935                                                       extract_flags,
2936                                                       imagex_progress_func);
2937                         argc--;
2938                         argv++;
2939                 }
2940         }
2941
2942         if (ret == 0) {
2943                 if (!imagex_be_quiet)
2944                         imagex_printf(T("Done extracting files.\n"));
2945         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_PATH_DOES_NOT_EXIST) {
2946                 tfprintf(stderr, T("Note: You can use `%"TS"' to see what "
2947                                    "files and directories\n"
2948                                    "      are in the WIM image.\n"),
2949                                 get_cmd_string(CMD_DIR, false));
2950         } else if (ret == WIMLIB_ERR_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND) {
2951                 struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2952
2953                 wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
2954                 do_resource_not_found_warning(wimfile, &info, &refglobs);
2955         }
2956 out_wimlib_free:
2957         wimlib_free(wim);
2958 out_free_refglobs:
2959         string_set_destroy(&refglobs);
2960         return ret;
2961
2962 out_usage:
2963         usage(CMD_EXTRACT, stderr);
2964 out_err:
2965         ret = -1;
2966         goto out_free_refglobs;
2967 }
2968
2969 /* Prints information about a WIM file; also can mark an image as bootable,
2970  * change the name of an image, or change the description of an image. */
2971 static int
2972 imagex_info(int argc, tchar **argv, int cmd)
2973 {
2974         int c;
2975         bool boot         = false;
2976         bool check        = false;
2977         bool nocheck      = false;
2978         bool header       = false;
2979         bool lookup_table = false;
2980         bool xml          = false;
2981         bool short_header = true;
2982         const tchar *xml_out_file = NULL;
2983         const tchar *wimfile;
2984         const tchar *image_num_or_name;
2985         const tchar *new_name;
2986         const tchar *new_desc;
2987         WIMStruct *wim;
2988         int image;
2989         int ret;
2990         int open_flags = 0;
2991         struct wimlib_wim_info info;
2992
2993         for_opt(c, info_options) {
2994                 switch (c) {
2995                 case IMAGEX_BOOT_OPTION:
2996                         boot = true;
2997                         break;
2998                 case IMAGEX_CHECK_OPTION:
2999                         check = true;
3000                         break;
3001                 case IMAGEX_NOCHECK_OPTION:
3002                         nocheck = true;
3003                         break;
3004                 case IMAGEX_HEADER_OPTION:
3005                         header = true;
3006                         short_header = false;
3007                         break;
3008                 case IMAGEX_LOOKUP_TABLE_OPTION:
3009                         lookup_table = true;
3010                         short_header = false;
3011                         break;
3012                 case IMAGEX_XML_OPTION:
3013                         xml = true;
3014                         short_header = false;
3015                         break;
3016                 case IMAGEX_EXTRACT_XML_OPTION:
3017                         xml_out_file = optarg;
3018                         short_header = false;
3019                         break;
3020                 case IMAGEX_METADATA_OPTION:
3021                         imagex_error(T("The --metadata option has been removed. "
3022                                        "Use 'wimdir --detail' instead."));
3023                         goto out_err;
3024                 default:
3025                         goto out_usage;
3026                 }
3027         }
3028
3029         argc -= optind;
3030         argv += optind;
3031         if (argc < 1 || argc > 4)
3032                 goto out_usage;
3033
3034         wimfile           = argv[0];
3035         image_num_or_name = (argc >= 2) ? argv[1] : T("all");
3036         new_name          = (argc >= 3) ? argv[2] : NULL;
3037         new_desc          = (argc >= 4) ? argv[3] : NULL;
3038
3039         if (check && nocheck) {
3040                 imagex_error(T("Can't specify both --check and --nocheck"));
3041                 goto out_err;
3042         }
3043
3044         if (check)
3045                 open_flags |= WIMLIB_OPEN_FLAG_CHECK_INTEGRITY;
3046
3047         ret = wimlib_open_wim(wimfile, open_flags, &wim, imagex_progress_func);
3048         if (ret)
3049                 goto out;
3050
3051         wimlib_get_wim_info(wim, &info);
3052
3053         image = wimlib_resolve_image(wim, image_num_or_name);
3054         ret = WIMLIB_ERR_INVALID_IMAGE;
3055         if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE && tstrcmp(image_num_or_name, T("0"))) {
3056                 verify_image_exists(image, image_num_or_name, wimfile);
3057                 if (boot) {
3058                         imagex_error(T("If you would like to set the boot "
3059                                        "index to 0, specify image \"0\" with "
3060                                        "the --boot flag."));
3061                 }
3062                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3063         }
3064
3065         if (boot && info.image_count == 0) {
3066                 imagex_error(T("--boot is meaningless on a WIM with no images"));
3067                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3068         }
3069
3070         if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && info.image_count > 1) {
3071                 if (boot) {
3072                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify the --boot flag "
3073                                        "without specifying a specific "
3074                                        "image in a multi-image WIM"));
3075                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3076                 }
3077                 if (new_name) {
3078                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify the NEW_NAME "
3079                                        "without specifying a specific "
3080                                        "image in a multi-image WIM"));
3081                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3082                 }
3083         }
3084
3085         /* Operations that print information are separated from operations that
3086          * recreate the WIM file. */
3087         if (!new_name && !boot) {
3088
3089                 /* Read-only operations */
3090
3091                 if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE) {
3092                         imagex_error(T("\"%"TS"\" is not a valid image in \"%"TS"\""),
3093                                      image_num_or_name, wimfile);
3094                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3095                 }
3096
3097                 if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES && short_header)
3098                         print_wim_information(wimfile, &info);
3099
3100                 if (header)
3101                         wimlib_print_header(wim);
3102
3103                 if (lookup_table) {
3104                         if (info.total_parts != 1) {
3105                                 tfprintf(stderr, T("Warning: Only showing the lookup table "
3106                                                    "for part %d of a %d-part WIM.\n"),
3107                                          info.part_number, info.total_parts);
3108                         }
3109                         print_lookup_table(wim);
3110                 }
3111
3112                 if (xml) {
3113                         ret = wimlib_extract_xml_data(wim, stdout);
3114                         if (ret)
3115                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3116                 }
3117
3118                 if (xml_out_file) {
3119                         FILE *fp;
3120
3121                         fp = tfopen(xml_out_file, T("wb"));
3122                         if (!fp) {
3123                                 imagex_error_with_errno(T("Failed to open the "
3124                                                           "file \"%"TS"\" for "
3125                                                           "writing"),
3126                                                         xml_out_file);
3127                                 ret = -1;
3128                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3129                         }
3130                         ret = wimlib_extract_xml_data(wim, fp);
3131                         if (fclose(fp)) {
3132                                 imagex_error(T("Failed to close the file "
3133                                                "\"%"TS"\""),
3134                                              xml_out_file);
3135                                 ret = -1;
3136                         }
3137                         if (ret)
3138                                 goto out_wimlib_free;
3139                 }
3140
3141                 if (short_header)
3142                         wimlib_print_available_images(wim, image);
3143
3144                 ret = 0;
3145         } else {
3146
3147                 /* Modification operations */
3148
3149                 if (image == WIMLIB_ALL_IMAGES)
3150                         image = 1;
3151
3152                 if (image == WIMLIB_NO_IMAGE && new_name) {
3153                         imagex_error(T("Cannot specify new_name (\"%"TS"\") "
3154                                        "when using image 0"), new_name);
3155                         ret = -1;
3156                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3157                 }
3158
3159                 if (boot) {
3160                         if (image == info.boot_index) {
3161                                 imagex_printf(T("Image %d is already marked as "
3162                                           "bootable.\n"), image);
3163                                 boot = false;
3164                         } else {
3165                                 imagex_printf(T("Marking image %d as bootable.\n"),
3166                                         image);
3167                                 info.boot_index = image;
3168                                 ret = wimlib_set_wim_info(wim, &info,
3169                                                           WIMLIB_CHANGE_BOOT_INDEX);
3170                                 if (ret)
3171                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3172                         }
3173                 }
3174                 if (new_name) {
3175                         if (!tstrcmp(wimlib_get_image_name(wim, image), new_name))
3176                         {
3177                                 imagex_printf(T("Image %d is already named \"%"TS"\".\n"),
3178                                         image, new_name);
3179                                 new_name = NULL;
3180                         } else {
3181                                 imagex_printf(T("Changing the name of image %d to "
3182                                           "\"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_name);
3183                                 ret = wimlib_set_image_name(wim, image, new_name);
3184                                 if (ret)
3185                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3186                         }
3187                 }
3188                 if (new_desc) {
3189                         const tchar *old_desc;
3190                         old_desc = wimlib_get_image_description(wim, image);
3191                         if (old_desc && !tstrcmp(old_desc, new_desc)) {
3192                                 imagex_printf(T("The description of image %d is already "
3193                                           "\"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_desc);
3194                                 new_desc = NULL;
3195                         } else {
3196                                 imagex_printf(T("Changing the description of image %d "
3197                                           "to \"%"TS"\".\n"), image, new_desc);
3198                                 ret = wimlib_set_image_descripton(wim, image,
3199                                                                   new_desc);
3200                                 if (ret)
3201                                         goto out_wimlib_free;
3202                         }
3203                 }
3204
3205                 /* Only call wimlib_overwrite() if something actually needs to